Globalisation and migration. Dr Simon Oakes A-level Principal Examiner Bancroft’s School . Lecture outline. What is globalisation? Case Study 1: International elite migration Case Study 2: Crossing the Mediterranean Case Study 3: The Morecambe Bay tragedy
Dr Simon Oakes
A-level Principal Examiner
How many of these factors also impact upon potential rates of migration?
Elite A minority population group with some combination of: high levels of wealth; social status; political influence; cultural influence. Can migrate easily (e.g. from Brazil to EU) under Highly Skilled Migrants Programme (HSMP)
Using examples, describe and explain the characteristics of migrants moving between wealthier nations. (4 marks)
International migration takes place at two levels of the economy. Firstly, there are highly skilled and often very rich individuals who are invited to work overseas by Transnational Corporations or governments. They are probably young adults or are middle-aged and are likely to be approaching the peak of their profession e.g. Elano, the Brazilian mid-fielder. In addition, there are the extremely poor (and usually unskilled) migrants who are desperate to better themselves at any cost, e.g. Somalians who attempt to gain entry to Europe by crossing the Mediterranean in dangerous boats, or Mexicans crossing into the USA.
Using examples, explain how international out-migration can effect the economy and society of sending nations. (6 marks)
International migration can have both positive and negative effects. Turning firstly to the economics, there is often a loss of key workers like doctors which has a knock on effect on other areas of the economy like retailing as less money will be in circulation. This can cause a negative multiplier effect and result in rising unemployment. In Poland, a million workers have left since it joined the EU in 2004 and many clubs and bars are struggling due to the lack of young customers. However, some migrants may repatriate their wages which is positive. Socially, the loss of young people (18-35) may impact negatively on education – if numbers fall, university courses might have to close. Artistic and cultural scenes could suffer if talented people migrate elsewhere – this has happened in Poland where many of its musicians have moved to London. However, migrants may return later with new ideas and skills that they have learned while abroad - which could have long-term positive effects for Polish arts and education.
Key concept of cultural hybridism
Examine the impact of globalisation on different nations’ employment structures. (A2 essay)
The inter-connections between globalisation and migration make us think about: