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Artículos y adjetivos. Unidad 1 Lección 2. Nouns & Gender. All nouns have a gender; either masculine or feminine Nouns ending in “o” are usually masculine Nouns ending in “a” are usually feminine. To make a noun plural…. Nouns ending in a vowel, add “s”

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art culos y adjetivos

Artículos y adjetivos

Unidad 1 Lección 2

nouns gender
Nouns & Gender
  • All nouns have a gender; either masculine or feminine
  • Nouns ending in “o” are usually masculine
  • Nouns ending in “a” are usually feminine
to make a noun plural
To make a noun plural…
  • Nouns ending in a vowel, add “s”
  • Nouns ending in a consonant, add “es”
definite articles the
Definite articles (“the”)
  • Indicates a specific person place or thing
  • El is used with a masculine, singular noun
  • La is used with a feminine, singular noun
  • Los is used with a masculine, plural noun
  • Las is used with a feminine, plural noun
indefinite articles a an
Indefinite articles (“a/an”)
  • Indicates a nonspecific person, place or thing
  • Un is used with masculine, singular nouns
  • Una is used with feminine, singular nouns
  • Unos is used with masculine, plural nouns
  • Unas is used with feminine, plural nouns
articles and nouns
Articles and nouns
  • The definite or indefinite article must agree with the noun it describes
  • If a noun is singular and feminine, the article must also be singular and feminine – la chica
  • If a noun is plural and masculine, the article must also be plural and masculine – los chicos
adjectives and nouns
Adjectives and nouns
  • An adjective is used to describe a noun
  • In Spanish, the adjective almost always comes after the noun
  • Adjective must agree with the noun it describes
    • La chica bonita –a feminine noun needs a feminine adjective
    • El chico atlético – a masculine noun needs a masculine adjective
adjectives and nouns cont
Adjectives and nouns (cont.)
  • Adjectives that end in “e” or a consonant work with both genders
    • La chica inteligente, la chica joven
    • Some exceptions end in a consonant and add an “a” to form the feminine
  • To make an adjective plural, add “s” if it ends in a vowel; add “es” if it ends in a consonant