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  1. Lesson Essential Question: How can we come to understand an author’s purpose and perspective or point of view, as well as their impact on the reader/listener?

  2. To be exiled means - • To be away from one’s home (i.e., city, state, or country), whether enforced by others or self-imposed

  3. With your Collaborative Partner, • Brainstorm a list of reasons why a person might be exiled from his/her home. Then talk with your partner about what it might be like to find yourself unwillingly “banished”from your community (family, town/city, state or country). • 1s do the writing; 2s will do the sharing.

  4. So, . . . Let’s share our thinking! • What are some reasons why a person might be exiled from his/her community? • What might that feel like?

  5. What is a refugee? • A refugee is a person who, “owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country.

  6. Refugees… • The concept of a refugee was expanded by the United Nations in 1967 to include persons who had fled war or other violence in their home country. Refugees were originally defined as a legal group in response to the large numbers of people fleeing Eastern Europe following World War II.

  7. Let’s reconsider our thinking… In your Collaborative Pairs, • Add to your list of reasons a person might be exiled, any new reasons suggested by what we just learned about refugees. • 2s do the writing; 1s do the sharing.

  8. Lesson Essential Question: • How can we come to understand an author’s purpose and perspective or point of view, as well as their impact on the reader/listener?

  9. Vocabulary Preview • Exile • Refugee • Perspective • Point of view • Message • Word Choice • Tone • Viewpoint/Attitude • Text Evidence

  10. Why do writers write?

  11. Why do writer’s write? • To inform • To persuade • To describe • To explain how

  12. Why write? • Which of these purposes for writing seem likely to have evolved out of a person being exiled or becoming a refugee? • Why might a refugee write?

  13. Partner Cards • Let’s find out about two different times in history when people came to the United States as refugees, exiled from their countries. • In your Collaborative Pairs, you will be receiving two cards, one for Partner #1 and one for Partner #2.

  14. Partner Cards • Card #1 – explains what happened in Bosnia in the 1990s • Card #2 - is narrated by a person living in Latvia during and after World War II.

  15. Let’s see where Bosnia and Latvia are… http://mapofeurope.com/europe/

  16. Partner Cards – 1s and 2s • Read your card to find out details about what might have caused people to be exiled from their countries. • Circle any words or phrases which might give you clues about why people were exiled from Latvia (in 1939) or Bosnia (in 1995).

  17. Partner Cards – 1s and 2s • Pair Read your cards aloud to each other to share what you read about Latvia and Bosnia. • Talk with each other about which words and phrases you circled and why.

  18. Four-Square Organizer Factual Details about Latvia in 1939 Factual Details about Bosnia in 1995 Description of Personal Impact on Those Exiled from Latvia Description of Personal Impact of Those Exiled from Bosnia

  19. Create Your Own Four-Square Organizer • In your Collaborative Pairs, fold one sheet of paper “hamburger” style, twice, to create four equal sections. • Title your sections as illustrated in the previous slide. • Talk with your partner about how the situations in these two countries might be similar.

  20. Four Square Organizer • Look for factual details about the situations in these two countries. • 2s write those factual details in the top two squares of the organizer. • Look for clues that reveal the personal impact on individuals who were exiled from their countries during these two political situations. • 1s write any clues you find in the bottom two squares of the organizer.

  21. Talk with your Collaborative Partner about… • What kind of information might be provided on one card and not on the other • Why that might be

  22. What is the difference between… • A text in which only factual information is presented by an unknown and removed speaker, and • A text in which the speaker is/was personally involved in what is being told or described?

  23. What do these two texts help us understand about refugees? • How might what you recorded in the bottom right block of your organizer about Latvian refugees also apply to Bosnian refugees? • What might people exiled from their countries, regardless of the time in history, have in common?

  24. Assessment Prompt #1$5.00 Summary

  25. Writea $5.00 Summary(50 words – 10 cents per word) • Explain whatfactorsmightinfluence an author’s perspective/point of view about what it would be like to be a refugee, exiled from one’s home?

  26. “Exile Eyes” by Agate Nesaule • Ms. Nesaule and her family fled Latvia during World War II. She was only six years old at the time. She now lives in Madison, Wisconsin. • She has written several books and essays that have been influenced by her personal experience as a Latvian refugee living in America.

  27. Setting the scene… • Ms. Nesaule was a refugee herself, exiled from Latvia, her native country, as a child. • She now lives in the U.S. • She lives in a part of our country where several refugees from different countries have settled. • She sees them in the beauty shop where she gets her hair done.

  28. Let’s read to find out … • What Ms. Nesaule notices about the the refugees in the beauty shop

  29. With your Collaborative Partner … • List some of the details Ms. Nesaule notices about the refugees in the beauty shop. 1s do the writing • Tell why you think she notices these details? 2s do the writing

  30. Now, let’s read to find … the writer’s comments about the refugees’ eyes… • Underline any sentence in the text that mentions the eyes of the refugees.

  31. What do you think? Talk with your Collaborative Partner about… • why you think this text is called “Exile Eyes.” • what purpose this writer had for writing “Exile Eyes”

  32. Assessment Prompt #2Six-Word Memoir • Write a Six-Word Memoirwhich expresses the intended message of “Exile Eyes.”