Industrial Animals History
Unit Map Set Up (warm-up) • Unit Name: Industrial Animals • Unit Essential Question: What are industrial animals and how do they influence us and the industry?
Lesson Essential Question • How was industrial animal agriculture started?
Objectives • Understand the history of animal agriculture • Understand the important acts that are important to this class
What is Industrial Agriculture? • “ a modern form of intensive farming that refers to the industrialized production of livestock, cattle, poultry, and fish. • Most of the meat, dairy and eggs are produced” this way.
History of Animal Agriculture • Early people ate fruits, seeds, and animals found in their environment. • People moved with animals • People domesticated animals
History of Animal Agriculture • People created ways to produce animals more efficiently • Passed on this information
History of Animal Agriculture • 1800s- Universities. • People realize institutions of higher learning were needed. • “Nation emerging as an industrial- and agricultural- based economy.”
History of Animal Agriculture • To make progress • people needed to be taught how to produce food and manufacture goods more efficiently
History of Animal Agriculture • Late 1850s- Land Grant Act or Morrill Act. Provided public land and funds for establishing universities to teach practical methods of manufacturing and producing food and fiber. Passed in 1862
History of Animal Agriculture • 1862- Lincoln signed bill to establish the USDA • Soon all states had land grant universities to help educate to meet growing demand
History of Animal Agriculture • 1872- Hatch Act- authorized establishment of experiment stations in different parts of the states that had land grant universities. • Create new knowledge
History of Animal Agriculture • 1914- Smith-Lever Act- set up cooperative extension service. Passes new information to the public • Links University Professor knowledge with community (farmers, growers etc)
History of Animal Agriculture • 1917- Smith-Hughes Act- vocational agriculture as a program in the public high schools as a means of teaching new methods of agriculture • THE REASON YOU ARE SITTING HERE!!!!
Smith-Hughes Act • Left side of the room is against the Smith-Hughes Act • Write 5 sentences why you disagree • Right side of the room is for the Smith-Hughes Act. • Give 5 sentences why you agree • Consider the following in your writing: • Why would we need this act? Was it needed at all? Was there a different way this could have been accomplished? What are Pros and Cons about this act? What lasting affects could it have on America?(Both positive and Negative)
Now Lets Decide! • Debate: • Get together in your group and come up with 5 main points to support your argument with your team mates. • Choose a speaker • One student speaks at a time • Feel free to say what you think about the Smith-Hughes Act !
Exit Question • How has the agriculture industry formed or matured over the centuries ?
Activity • One: Timeline • Fill in using your notes • Two • Write one sentence in between each date, stating why or how it is related or led to the next event on your time line • Example: People needed higher education so ____________ happened
Industrial Animals Advancements
Warm-up • What are some of the advancements made in the animal agriculture field?
Lesson Essential Question • How are the advancements made in animal agriculture significant to us?
Objectives • Know and understand the advancements in animal agriculture • Understand where our food comes from
Animal Agriculture • Humans are omnivorous animals- we eat both plants and animals • Provides people with a reliable, abundant source of high quality food needed for our digestive systems (monogastric)
Animal Agriculture • Advancements through scientific research resulted in an abundance of food and lower prices easy for consumers to utilize
Advancements since 1925 • Beef cattle live weight marketed per breeding female increased from 220 lbs to 482 lbs • Consumption doubled from 60 lbs to 120 lbs
Advancements since 1925 • Sheep liveweight marketed per breeding female from 60 lbs to 130 lbs • Sheep not only raised for wool, now produced for meat
Advancements since 1925 • Milk marketed per dairy cow increased from 4,189 lbs to 10,500 lbs • 1950-1975- # of dairy cows reduced but milk production same • How is this possible?
Advancements since 1925 • Swine liveweight marketed per breeding female from 1,600 to 2,850 lbs • Since 1950, amount of feed reduced • Time to produce from 170 to 157 days
Advancements since 1925 • Poultry time for broiler chickens to market weight cut in half • Amount of feed from 4lbs to 1.75 lbs • Weight of broilers at market from 2.8 lbs to 4 lbs
Advancements since 1925 • Annual production per laying hem tripled from 112 to around 300 eggs • Feed required to produce a dozen eggs decreased from 8 to 4 lbs
Advancements since 1925 • Turkeys weight marketed turkeys from 13-18.4 lbs • Less feed (5.5 to 3.1 lbs) and half the time (34-19 weeks)
Video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WWOSe9ju7kU • Where food comes from video
Movie • Food, INC • During the movie • Fill in your KWL chart • Must be full with at least 5 things in each column to get full credit • Answer the discussion questions as we watch.
Final Thoughts • Write for 10 minutes • Free write – grammar not a factor. Just write whatever you think • What is your view on animal agriculture? Has it changed since from before viewing this video? Do you think what we are doing is wrong or needed for our survival? What was the most disturbing/interesting fact you learned from this video? How do you feel now about your food? Write at least a page after viewing the movie.
Print me out • http://www.foodincmovie.com/img/downloads/foodinc_PDF_091008.pdf
Exit Question • What may happen with our food supply in the future?
Industrial Animals Beef
Warm-up • What is your favorite food?
Lesson Essential Question • Why is the beef industry so successful ?
Objectives • Understand why beef is important • Know and understand the different breeds of beef cattle
The Beef Industry • We are a nation of beef eaters! • Average person consumes 67.5 pounds of beef and veal each year! • Exported beef equals $2.5 billion
The Beef Industry • Land pastured for beef cattle is too steep, rocky or wet to be cultivated/used for plants • Cows convert forages into high quality protein
The Beef Industry • Lean beef is full of nutrients • There are over 1 billion head of beef on over 1 million farms and ranches in the United States.
The Beef Industry • Successfully wintered outdoors • Raised throughout the US • Low overhead costs • Generate more $ than any other agricultural enterprise
The Beef Industry • Ranks of Production • Texas • Missouri • Oklahoma • Nebraska • South Dakota
Breeds of Beef Cattle Activity • Read through the packet and answer the questions on the breeds of beef cattle.
Breeds of Beef Cattle • Black Angus
Breeds of Beef Cattle • Shorthorn