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Chapter 9: Development. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. Development. The process of improving the material conditions of people through the diffusion of knowledge and technology More developed countries (MDCs) AKA developed countries

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chapter 9 development

Chapter 9: Development

The Cultural Landscape:

An Introduction to Human Geography

development
Development
  • The process of improving the material conditions of people through the diffusion of knowledge and technology
  • More developed countries (MDCs)
    • AKA developed countries
  • Lesser developed countries (LDCs)
    • AKA emerging or developing countries
why does development vary between countries
Why Does Development Vary Between Countries?
  • Economic indicators of development
    • The Human Development Index (HDI)
      • Four factors used to assess a country’s level of development:
        • Economic = (1) gross domestic product (GDP) per capita
        • Social = (2) literacy and (3) amount of education
        • Demographic = (4) life expectancy
why does development vary among countries
Why Does Development Vary Among Countries?
  • Economic indicators of development
    • Types of jobs
      • Primary sector
      • Secondary sector
      • Tertiary sector
    • Productivity
      • Measured by the value added per capita
      • MDCs are more productive than LDCs
    • Consumer goods
why does development vary among countries1
Why Does Development Vary Among Countries?
  • Social indicators of development
    • Education and literacy
      • The literacy rate
    • Health and welfare
      • Diet (adequate calories)
      • Access to health care
why does development vary among countries2
Why Does Development Vary Among Countries?
  • Demographic indicators of development
    • Life expectancy
      • Babies born today in MDCs have a life expectancy in the 70s; babies born in LDCs, in the 60s
    • Other demographic indicators:
      • Infant mortality
      • Natural increase
      • Crude birth rate
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