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Household Surveys: Overview. Kathleen Beegle Workshop 17, Session 1a Designing and Implementing Household Surveys March 31, 2009. Household Data. Variety of types of data about and from households: Administrative data Case studies Census of Population and Housing Household Surveys.

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household surveys overview

Household Surveys: Overview

Kathleen Beegle

Workshop 17, Session 1a

Designing and Implementing Household Surveys

March 31, 2009

household data
Household Data
  • Variety of types of data about and from households:
    • Administrative data
    • Case studies
    • Census of Population and Housing
    • Household Surveys
heterogeneity in surveys
Heterogeneity in Surveys
  • Purpose of the survey drives the way the survey is designed and implemented
heterogeneity in surveys5
Heterogeneity in Surveys
  • Purpose of the survey drives the way the survey is designed and implemented
  • Key dimensions
    • “Representativeness” (sampling)
    • “Directness” of measurement
    • Analytic complexity
    • Respondent Burden
    • Methods
dimensions representivity
Dimensions: “Representivity”

Case

study

Purposive

selection

Quota

sampling

Small prob.

sample

Large prob.

sample

Census

slide7

Direct measurement

Questionnaire

(quantitative)

Questionnaire

(Qualitative)

Structured

interview

Case

study

Purposive

selection

Quota

sampling

Small prob.

sample

Large prob.

sample

Census

Open

meetings

Conversations

Subjective

assessments

Dimensions: Subjective/Objective

slide8

Direct measurement

Questionnaire

(quantitative)

Questionnaire

(Qualitative)

Structured

interview

Case

study

Purposive

selection

Quota

sampling

Small prob.

sample

Large prob.

sample

Census

Open

meetings

Conversations

Subjective

assessments

Subjective/Objective Dimension:

Census

Household Budget

Survey

LSMS/ IS

CWIQ/PS

Participatory Poverty

Assessments

Sentinel Site

Surveillance

Participant

observation

Beneficiary

Assessment

Community

Surveys

Windscreen

Survey

slide9

Direct measurement

Questionnaire

(quantitative)

Questionnaire

(Qualitative)

Structured

interview

Case

study

Purposive

selection

Quota

sampling

Small prob.

sample

Large prob.

sample

Census

Open

meetings

Conversations

Subjective

assessments

Subjective/Objective Dimension:

Census

Household Budget

Survey

LSMS/ IS

CWIQ/PS

household budget surveys hbs
Household Budget Surveys (HBS)
  • Purpose: collect information on household expenditures (and income) to produce or update the weights for consumer price indices as well as to provide inputs for national accounts.
  • Countries often add modules on income to their HBS in order to facilitate the measurement of national income as well- (then IES)
  • Restricted set of questions that mimic what is captured in the decennial population and housing census.
  • Additional topics include:
    • basic characteristics of household members and dwelling
    • employment status
    • agricultural module
  • Supported by Central Bank, IMF
labor force survey
Labor Force Survey
  • Purpose: Measure and monitor indicators of country’s economic situation and for planning and evaluating many government programs.
  • Done monthly in many developed countries, quarterly or annually in most developing countries.
  • Topics include those related to labor:
    • employment
    • unemployment
    • earnings
    • hours of work
    • occupation, industry, and class of worker
    • Supplemental questions-- income, previous work experience, health, employee benefits, and work schedules
  • Supported by Ministry of Labor, ILO definitions
demographic and health surveys dhs
Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)
  • Purpose: collect data on health, primarily maternal and infant health but not limited to this, and demography.
  • Started in 1984 (continuation of the World Fertility Survey and the Contraceptive Prevalence Surveys that had been done previously.)
  • Done in 80 countries (approximately 200 standard DHS done)
  • Topics include:
    • basic characteristics of household members and dwelling
    • child health and schooling
    • family planning, fertility and fertility preferences,
    • HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and behavior
    • infant and child mortality
    • maternal health
    • nutrition
    • household asset ownership
  • Supported by USAID
the multiple indicator cluster surveys mics
The Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS)
  • Purpose: Monitor progress on the 1990 World Summit for Children Goals, and assessing progress on HIV/AIDS and malaria reduction
  • First wave, 1995, second wave 2000, third wave
  • Over 100 countries implemented the MICS in this third round.
  • The fourth round is planned for 2009-10, change frequency to 3 yrs
  • Topics include:
    • basic characteristics of household members and dwelling
    • nutrition
    • child health and mortality
    • reproductive health and contraceptive use
    • literacy, child protection
    • labor
    • domestic violence
  • Supported by UN
core welfare indicator questionnaire cwiq
Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire (CWIQ)
  • Purpose: Measure and monitor a limited range of human development indicators, on access, utilization and satisfaction with social services
  • Mainly done in Africa region although expanding now (20+ countries)
  • Topics include:
    • basic characteristics of household members and dwelling
    • education: use/service availability
    • health: use/service availability
    • correlates of poverty
  • Developed by the World Bank
living standards measurement study surveys lsms
Living Standards Measurement Study Surveys (LSMS)
  • Purpose: Study household behavior, welfare, interactions with government policies: determinants of outcomes, and linkages among assets/ characteristics of households and actions of the government.
  • Started in 1980s by WB + academia + practioners, surveys been done in over 40 countries
  • Topics include:
    • detailed characteristics of household members (education, labor, health, migration) and dwelling
    • consumption/expenditure
    • agriculture
    • household enterprises
    • credit Use
    • community characteristics
  • Developed by the World Bank
dimensions analytic complexity
Dimensions: Analytic Complexity
  • Simplest- Monitoring Indicators
    • CWIQs, (IES/HBS), DHS
  • In depth on one topic:
    • LFS, Agricultural Surveys, IES/HBS, DHS
  • More complex: MICS
  • Most complex: Multi-topic/integrated
    • LSMS, Integrated Surveys, Family Life Surveys
dimensions
Dimensions
  • Respondent Burden:
    • Function of questionnaire length, number of respondents, recall or diary
    • Least burden, short questionnaires: CWIQ
    • Medium: LFS, Ag. Surveys, MICS
    • Medium to long: LSMS, FLS, Long questionnaire but multiple respondents
    • Greatest Burden: diary-based IES/HBS, long questionnaire, mostly answered by one person and completed over several days
further information on hhld surveys
Further Information on HHld Surveys
  • LSMS:
    • http:/www.worldbank.org/lsms
  • DHS
    • http://www.measuredhs.com
  • MICs
    • http:/www.unicef.org/statistics/index_24303.html
    • http://www.childinfo.org
  • LFS
    • www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product.asp?vlnk=1537
    • www.census.gov
    • www.ilo.org/dyn/lfsurvey/lfsurvey.list?p_lang=en
  • IES/HBS
    • http://www.bls.gov/cex/home.htm
    • http://europa.eu.int/estatref/info/sdds/en/hbs/hbs_base.htm
  • CWIQ
    • http://www.worldbank.org/afr/stat