PORT STATE CONTROL OF SHIPS An Overview. By : Ajoy Chatterjee Principal Officer Mercantile Marine Department Mumbai. OVERVIEW STRUCTURE. MERCANTILE MARINE DEPARTMENT MUMBAI. FUNCTIONS OF MMD, MUMBAI. # SURVEYS / CERTIFICATIONS SAFETY EQUIPMENT, SAFETY
Mercantile Marine Department
# SURVEYS / CERTIFICATIONS
SAFETY EQUIPMENT, SAFETY
RADIO, LOAD LINE, IOPP, ETC.
SAFCON, SEQ, SRT, SAFMAN
CERT. & PLAN APPROVALS.
DIRECTOR GENERAL OF SHIPPING
OTHERS TRAINING INSTITUTIONSMMD’S
POST SEA PRE SEA
MUMBAI CALCUTTA DELHI CHENNAI
MUMBAI DELHI CALCUTTA GOA VIZAG COHIN
DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING
( MINISTRY OF SURFACE TRANSPORT )
OTHERS TRAINING INSTITUTION MMD ( EXAMINATION CENTERS )
MMD MMD MMD
MUMBAI CHENNAI CALCUTTA
Need For Control
1. To complement Flag state implementation
2. Vessels do not call at Flag state regularly
3. Difficult to appoint inspectors or
recognized organizations at foreign port
surveys may occur.
5. Prevent operation of sub-standard ships
while avoiding competition between ports
6. Contribute towards :
a) increased level of safety (SOLAS)
b) protection of marine environment
c) improved living conditions
‘Substandard’ is defined in IMO Resolution
A.787(19) as being ‘substantially below the
standards required’ but is interpreted to
widely varying degrees from one organisation
just happen !
It is a commercial decision by someone
Examples of More Detailed Inspections
General inspections of the state of engine
room & presence of traces of oil in
Ship’s routine of disposing oil-
contaminated water from engine room
Closer examination of ship’s equipment
Check for any unapproved modifications
made to equipment & system.
Invalid certificates or ship/equipment do not correspond to certificates
Avoid unduly detaining or delaying ships
If equipment/system can be shown
onboard and functional.
If alternative equipment can be used.
If deficiencies does not affect safety nor
caused harm to environment.
If the ship can be allowed to sail to the
next nearest port for rectifying
Key Questions on I.S.M (Vis-a-vis PSC)1. N.C. reports of last one year & C A taken.2. Records of Internal audits carried out.3. Report of Master’s review & action taken by DP/Company.
Involvement of classification society as a result of identification of ISM-Code- related deficiency during PSC Inspections.Case reference :Name of ship : FAL XVIIIType of Ship : Oil TankerIMO No. : 6402705Flag of the Ship : U.A.E.Name of ISM Auditors : Bureau VeritasThe seriousness of the deficiencies noted during PSC Inspection necessitated a verification audit by the Class Concerned
Major N.Cs – 3 nos. On ISM Code references : (1) 10.2 : Maintenance; (2) 6.5 : Training; & (3) 6.0 : Resource & PersonnelN.Cs – 5 nos.On ISM Code references : (1) 12.1 : Company Verification;(2) 10.2 : Maintenance; (3) 12.0 : Company Verification & review;(4) 7.0 : Shipboard Operation & (5) 10.3 : Maintenance of critical equipment.
SUMMARY OF PORT STATE CONTROL INSPECTION OF VESSELS FROM JULY 1999 TO June 2000 BY PSCOs OF MERCANTILE MARINE DEPARTMENT, MUMBAI.
Unnecessary inspection of “good ships” are avoided, thereby the crew are not unduly disturbed and are able to do their routine work, and are also able to enjoy rest and recreation while the ship is in port.
A PSCO’s precious time and effort is not unnecessarily wasted. Well maintained ships, will inspire confidence of prospective clients. “Sub-standard” ships and their operators will be forced to take immediate corrective measures to remain in business.
The PSC regime of Mercantile Marine Department, Mumbai, has achieved this objective to a large extent, as can be seen from the following table which indicates the results of the last 12 months with an overall average detention rate of 78.5%. We have been able to achieve this by constantly enhancing the skills of our PSCOs by continuous advice and instructions and “peer review” of their inspection reports.
2. Reporting Period
3. Total number of Inspections
Total number of ship with deficiencies
Total number of deficiencies (Note 1)
: Principal Officer, Mercantile Marine Department, Mumbai INDIA.
: May, 2000
: 198REPORT ON PORT STATE CONTROL INSPECTIONFor the month of May 2000
7. Deficiencies according to the Flag
8. Deficiencies according to the type of ships
9. Deficiencies according to classification Societies (note : 2)
Deficiencies according to the nature
: as per Format – I, enclosed
: as per Format – II, enclosed.
: as per Format – III, enclosed.
: as per Format – IV, enclosed.
3. Accommodation 0300
5. Working Spaces 0500
7. Fire Fighting
9. Safety in General 0900
11. Cargo 1100
15. Navigation 1500
17. Marpol Annex I 1700
Marpol Annex II 1900
21. Marpol Operational
23. Other Deficiencies 9000
2. Crew 0200
4. Food and Catering 0400
6. Life Saving Appliances 0600
8. Accident Prevention 0800
10. Alarm Signals 1000
12. Load Lines 1200
14. Propulsion &
Auxiliary Machinery 1400
16. Radio 1600
18. Tankers 1800
20. Solas Operational
22. Marine Pollution
Annex III 2200Summary of main items of deficiency code are as hereunder :-
IMO Global Reactive and slow
Class (IACS) Global Reactive and
EU Regional Reactive, but quick
Flag States National Reactive/Pro-active
Port States National/ Reactive
Trend in legislation :
“National” driving “Regional” driving “Global”
cargo tanks with heating coils
preceding special survey, with drydocking
direct subcontract to the Society.
strength/fatigue) from 3rd RS.
bunker tanks protective location, e.g.
survey – extension from bulk carriers to all
EU. Annual ISM/SMC surveys?
on the Internal Home Page.
Administration on the Internet.
What is safe enough today – may not be safe enough tomorrow.
For this reason I.M.O.’s motto is
“Safer Ships & Cleaner Oceans”