PORT STATE CONTROL OF SHIPSAn Overview By : Ajoy Chatterjee Principal Officer Mercantile Marine Department Mumbai
FUNCTIONS OF MMD, MUMBAI # SURVEYS / CERTIFICATIONS SAFETY EQUIPMENT, SAFETY RADIO, LOAD LINE, IOPP, ETC. SAFCON, SEQ, SRT, SAFMAN CERT. & PLAN APPROVALS.
FUNCTIONS OF MMD, MUMBAI • INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATION • FLAG STATE INSPECTION • - PORT STATE CONTROL
TRAINING FACILITIES IN INDIA DIRECTOR GENERAL OF SHIPPING OTHERS TRAINING INSTITUTIONSMMD’S POST SEA PRE SEA MUMBAI CALCUTTA DELHI CHENNAI MUMBAI DELHI CALCUTTA GOA VIZAG COHIN
EXAMINATION CENTRES WITHIN THE COUNTRY DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING ( MINISTRY OF SURFACE TRANSPORT ) OTHERS TRAINING INSTITUTION MMD ( EXAMINATION CENTERS ) MMD MMD MMD MUMBAI CHENNAI CALCUTTA
PORT STATE CONTROL Need For Control 1. To complement Flag state implementation 2. Vessels do not call at Flag state regularly 3. Difficult to appoint inspectors or recognized organizations at foreign port
4. Breakdown of equipment in-between surveys may occur. 5. Prevent operation of sub-standard ships while avoiding competition between ports 6. Contribute towards : a) increased level of safety (SOLAS) b) protection of marine environment c) improved living conditions
WHAT IS A SUBSTANDARD SHIP ‘Substandard’ is defined in IMO Resolution A.787(19) as being ‘substantially below the standards required’ but is interpreted to widely varying degrees from one organisation to another.
They also know that substandard ships don’t just happen ! It is a commercial decision by someone somewhere
PORT STATE CONTROL Examples of More Detailed Inspections General inspections of the state of engine room & presence of traces of oil in bilges. Ship’s routine of disposing oil- contaminated water from engine room spaces. Closer examination of ship’s equipment Check for any unapproved modifications made to equipment & system.
PORT STATE CONTROL Invalid certificates or ship/equipment do not correspond to certificates • Under the provisions of the Conventions port State may : • * Detain a ship until deficiencies have been rectified • * A vessel is detained when a deficiency is found which • must be rectified before it sails. • * Permit a ship to sail with deficiencies subject to • conditions
PORT STATE CONTROL Avoid unduly detaining or delaying ships If equipment/system can be shown onboard and functional. If alternative equipment can be used. If deficiencies does not affect safety nor caused harm to environment. If the ship can be allowed to sail to the next nearest port for rectifying deficiencies.
Key Questions on I.S.M (Vis-a-vis PSC)1. N.C. reports of last one year & C A taken.2. Records of Internal audits carried out.3. Report of Master’s review & action taken by DP/Company.
Involvement of classification society as a result of identification of ISM-Code- related deficiency during PSC Inspections.Case reference :Name of ship : FAL XVIIIType of Ship : Oil TankerIMO No. : 6402705Flag of the Ship : U.A.E.Name of ISM Auditors : Bureau VeritasThe seriousness of the deficiencies noted during PSC Inspection necessitated a verification audit by the Class Concerned
Major N.Cs – 3 nos. On ISM Code references : (1) 10.2 : Maintenance; (2) 6.5 : Training; & (3) 6.0 : Resource & PersonnelN.Cs – 5 nos.On ISM Code references : (1) 12.1 : Company Verification;(2) 10.2 : Maintenance; (3) 12.0 : Company Verification & review;(4) 7.0 : Shipboard Operation & (5) 10.3 : Maintenance of critical equipment.
SUMMARY OF PORT STATE CONTROL INSPECTION OF VESSELS FROM JULY 1999 TO June 2000 BY PSCOs OF MERCANTILE MARINE DEPARTMENT, MUMBAI.
Unnecessary inspection of “good ships” are avoided, thereby the crew are not unduly disturbed and are able to do their routine work, and are also able to enjoy rest and recreation while the ship is in port.
A PSCO’s precious time and effort is not unnecessarily wasted. Well maintained ships, will inspire confidence of prospective clients. “Sub-standard” ships and their operators will be forced to take immediate corrective measures to remain in business.
The PSC regime of Mercantile Marine Department, Mumbai, has achieved this objective to a large extent, as can be seen from the following table which indicates the results of the last 12 months with an overall average detention rate of 78.5%. We have been able to achieve this by constantly enhancing the skills of our PSCOs by continuous advice and instructions and “peer review” of their inspection reports.
Annual Inspection by Ship Type 14% 5% 44% 21% 6% 10%
Annual detention by ship type 17% 42% 5% 17% 8% 11%
Percentage of ships detained as per flag 14% 7% 55% 9% 12% 3%
Name of reporting Authority 2. Reporting Period 3. Total number of Inspections Total number of ship with deficiencies Total number of deficiencies (Note 1) : Principal Officer, Mercantile Marine Department, Mumbai INDIA. : May, 2000 : 15 : 15 : 198 REPORT ON PORT STATE CONTROL INSPECTIONFor the month of May 2000
6. Total number of detentions 7. Deficiencies according to the Flag 8. Deficiencies according to the type of ships 9. Deficiencies according to classification Societies (note : 2) Deficiencies according to the nature : 12 : as per Format – I, enclosed : as per Format – II, enclosed. : as per Format – III, enclosed. : as per Format – IV, enclosed.
Notes : • Deficiencies are counted in the manner that deficiencies under the same sub-item are counted individually, e.g.3 deficiencies under code number 0711 and 2 deficiencies under code number 0740 are counted as 5 deficiencies under the main item 0700. • The table lists the societies with which the ships are classed. The defects for which a ship is detained are not always associated with items, which are under survey by a classification society.
Ship Certificates 0100 3. Accommodation 0300 5. Working Spaces 0500 7. Fire Fighting Appliances 0700 9. Safety in General 0900 11. Cargo 1100 13. Mooring Arrangements 1300 15. Navigation 1500 17. Marpol Annex I 1700 Marpol Annex II 1900 21. Marpol Operational Defects 2100 23. Other Deficiencies 9000 2. Crew 0200 4. Food and Catering 0400 6. Life Saving Appliances 0600 8. Accident Prevention 0800 10. Alarm Signals 1000 12. Load Lines 1200 14. Propulsion & Auxiliary Machinery 1400 16. Radio 1600 18. Tankers 1800 20. Solas Operational Defects 2000 22. Marine Pollution Annex III 2200 Summary of main items of deficiency code are as hereunder :-
FORMAT – I7. Report of Port State Control Inspection for the month of May, 2000DEFICIENCIES AS PER FLAG
FORMAT – II8. Report of Port State Control Inspection for the month of May, 2000DEFICIENCIES AS PER TYPE OF SHIP
FORMAT – III9. Report of Port State Control Inspection for the month of May, 2000DEFICIENCIES AS PER CLASSIFICATION SOCIETY
FORMAT – IV10. Report of Port State Control Inspection for the month of May, 2000NATURE OF DEFICIENCIES
PORT STATE CONTROLA VIEW POINTRegulatory Bodies IMO Global Reactive and slow Class (IACS) Global Reactive and Pro-active EU Regional Reactive, but quick Flag States National Reactive/Pro-active Port States National/ Reactive Regional Trend in legislation : “National” driving “Regional” driving “Global”
Port State Regime • Targeting of high risk ships. • Mandatory inspection every 12 months of certain ship types. More than 2 detentions in 1 year may lead to access refusal. • Information to Flag and Class mandatory • Information and Transparency • Ship/owner/cargo reporting prior arrival. • Previous survey by PSC/Class reported • Corrective actions follow-up by PSC and CS
Flag State Regime • Reliance upon recognised organisations. • Continuous improvement of class performance • Suspension if non-compliant or non-improving • Only exclusive surveyors for Flag State surveys • Professional liability, limited financial liability • TOCA (Transfer of Class Agreement) part of Directive
Complementary Future Proposals • EQUASIS ship information database. Active since 01.06.2000. Reports/data/facts. No analysis. • Strengthened Vessel Traffic Management • A European Maritime Safety Agency. Supervision of National Mar. Adm.