A Quick Tour of Tourette’s. By Lisa Coon, Ann Jo Cosgrove, Melanie Dunn, and Edward Golden. What is Tourrette’s Syndrome?. A video http://www.tsa-usa.org/.
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By Lisa Coon, Ann Jo Cosgrove, Melanie Dunn, and Edward Golden
The tics occur many times a day (usually in bouts) nearly every day or intermittently throughout a period of more than 1 year, and during this period there was never a tic-free period of more than 3 consecutive months.
C. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
D. The onset is before age 18 years.
E. The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., stimulants) or a general medical condition (e.g., Huntington's disease or postviral encephalitis).DSM-IV Diagnostic Criteria
Academics in school
Individualized Educational Plan
(Health News Flash, 2002)
Motor and Vocal Tics that range from simple to complex
Medication side effects and fatigue
Lethargy, lack of interest, decrease in coordination
Actual and perceived isolation from peers
Stress increases symptomsDifferent areas of difficulty
(Ex: eye blinking- upon examination- no glasses needed).
(Wilson, Shrimpton, 2003)
(Bergeson, Kelly, Riggers, Maire 1999)
(Jankovic, J., Kwak, C., PA-C, Frankoff, J.D. 2006).
Bergeson, T, Kelly, T., Riggers, M., Maire, J. Tic Disorders and Tourette Syndrome School Care Plan, Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction Education Support. Washington State January 1999
Bruun, R., Cohen, D., & Leckman, J. (2002) Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Tourette Syndrome: TOurette Syndrome and Other Disorders.( retrieval July 14, 2006) http://www.tsa-usa.org/resarch/guidetodiagnosis.html
Giordano, K.J. Advocating for an Aide. (2002)Tourette Syndrome Education Advocacy (retrieval July 23, 2006
Jankovic, J., Kwak, C., PA-C, Frankoff, J.D. (2006). Tourette’s Syndrome and the law. Journal of Neuropsychiatry. 18(1).
Health NewsFlash Your Personal Research Assistant (2002)
Tourette Syndrome Information – Fact Book (retrieval July 23, 2006)
Long, P. (2005) Tourrette Disorder: American Definition. (retrieval July 14, 2006) http://mentalhealth.com/dis1/p21-ch)$.html
Packer, L. (2003). Tips on dealing with tics in the classroom. Retrieved July 8, 2006, http://www.schoolbehavior.com/Files/tips_tourette.pdf
Wilson, J.2003, Shrimpton, B., Increasing the Effectiveness of Education for Students with Tourette Syndrome, Melbourne University (retrieval July 23, 2006) http://www.tourettesyndrome.net/Files/Wilson2003.pdf