URBANIZATION or HOW CITIES GROW. Geography 1050 The geography of cities. Outline. Global patterns of urbanization Differences in urbanization between MDCs and LDCs Urbanization and the population question Urban service provision and urban economies in LDC cities. URBANIZATION & CITIES.
The geography of cities
Less Developed Countries
1950 to 2025
% of population living
in urban areas in
major world regions,
1950, 1975, 2000 and 2025
Slow pre-industrial growth
Rapid industrial growth
Slows again once most previously rural populations are in cities
Europe, North America, Australia and Japan, the population is 75% to 80% urban.
Canada is 80% urbanized.
Rapid urbanization without proportional industrialization (population growth, land tenure)
By 2020 majority of LDC population will live in urban areas of 1 million+
By 2020 most megacities of 10 million+ will be in LDCsUrbanization in MDCs and LDCs
Time required to reach 2 million population:
Rome, Italy 2000 years
Vienna, Austria 400 years
Vancouver, B.C. 115 years
Shenzhen, China 20 years
“I SAID that population, when unchecked, increased in a geometrical ratio, and subsistence for man in an arithmetical ratio.”
Thomas Malthus. 1798. An Essay on the Principle of Population
Available at http://cepa.newschool.edu/het/