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Technology Perspectives in Education Nicholas C. Burbules Computer Associates Lisle Illinois July 11, 2002 Introduction: Distance education vs. Online education

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Technology perspectives in education l.jpg

Technology Perspectives in Education

Nicholas C. Burbules

Computer Associates

Lisle Illinois

July 11, 2002


Introduction distance education vs online education l.jpg
Introduction: Distance education vs. Online education

The use of new ICT in education is not just a matter of distance education, a term that has become an anachronism. Online education raises a host of new issues about who is in a class; who is teaching the class; and where and when it is meeting as a class.



Efficiency motivations l.jpg
Efficiency motivations education

  • Serving more students with fewer staff

  • Avoiding travel costs

  • 24x7x365 learning opportunities (“we never close”)


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Access education

  • Curriculum content (virtual high schools)

  • Postsecondary educational opportunities

  • In-job training and retraining


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Innovation education

  • Teaching in new ways

  • Promoting autonomous learning

  • Multimedia

  • Interactivity

  • New views of knowledge


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Part two: Focus on innovation: How new technologies facilitate more constructivist approaches to learning


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What is constructivism? facilitate more constructivist approaches to learning

  • http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~mryder/itc_data/constructivism.html

  • http://www.towson.edu/csme/mctp/Essays.html

  • http://pdts.uh.edu/~ichen/ebook/ET-IT/constr.htm

  • http://www3.sympatico.ca/lgrightmire/CONS.HTM


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Shift from teaching orientation to learning orientation facilitate more constructivist approaches to learning

Teaching as design

John Seely Brown: Growing Up Digital

  • http://www.aahe.org/change/digital.pdf

    Brent Wilson: Constructivism and Instructional Design

  • http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~bwilson/construct.html


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Learning as knowledge construction: the active role of the learner

Constructivist views of learning

Jim Levin and Cynthia Ching (syllabus)

  • http://w3.ed.uiuc.edu/courses/edpsy490li/sp02/index.html

    Brent Wilson: Constructivist Learning on the Web

  • http://ceo.cudenver.edu/~brent_wilson/WebLearning.html


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Static vs. dynamic views of knowledge learner

Knowledge is constructed by humans.

Knowledge is conjectural and fallible.

Knowledge grows through exposure.

  • http://www.millville.cache.k12.ut.us/Millville/Teachers/Carles/Philosophy/construc.htm


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Relevance and authenticity learner

The relationship of content, interest, and motivation.

John Dewey

  • http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/agexed/aee501/dewey.html

  • http://www.socsci.kun.nl/ped/whp/histeduc/misc/dewey01.html

  • http://disted.tamu.edu/chapter4.htm


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Learning styles and states of readiness learner

Individualized instruction

  • http://www.infotoday.com/MMSchools/nov98/murray.htm

  • http://www.upenn.edu/almanac/v46/n26/tatJudd.html

  • http://kellysmusic.mb.ca/why.asp


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Group processes: motivation and collaboration learner

Distributed knowledge

  • http://www.dkrc.org/

  • http://www.lis.uiuc.edu/~chip/teach/courses/dk/sp02


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Multiple forms of representation (pt 1) learner

Learning styles

  • http://www.indstate.edu/ctl/styles/learning.html

  • http://www.cciw.com/content/learning_styles.html

  • http://catalyst.washington.edu/method/learning_styles.html

  • http://www.oswego.edu/~shindler/lstyle.htm

  • http://www.support4learning.org.uk/education/lstyles.htm


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Multiple forms of representation (pt 2) learner

Multiple intelligences

  • http://www.thomasarmstrong.com/multiple_intelligences.htm

  • http://surfaquarium.com/im.htm

  • http://www.cio.com/archive/031596_qa.html

  • http://www.pz.harvard.edu/Research/MISchool.htm


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Metacognition and reflection: learning how to learn learner

Metacognition

  • http://snow.utoronto.ca/Learn2/mod2/

  • http://www.gse.buffalo.edu/fas/shuell/cep564/Metacog.htm

  • http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/students/learning/lr1metn.htm

  • http://www.psyc.memphis.edu/trg/meta.htm


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Typology of learning technologies learner

Bruce and Levin, 1997

http://www.lis.uiuc.edu/%7Echip/pubs/taxonomy/index.html

  • Inquiry

  • Communication

  • Construction

  • Expression


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Conclusion learner

Rethinking the “virtual” learning space


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