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Lecture Notes 1

Lecture Notes 1

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Lecture Notes 1

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  1. Lecture Notes 1 Biology A Eaton Rapids High School K.Coppins

  2. I. What is Biology? • A. Biology is the study of __________. • B. Themes of Biology • 1. _____________________—all life is made of tiny units called cells. • 2. _____________—information is passed from generation to generation through DNA • 3. ________________—life changes over time • 4. _________________—organisms depend on one another. Life cannot exist without others. Life Cellular Structure Heredity Evolution Interdependence

  3. II. Characteristics of Life • A. Cellular structure • 1. _____________________________________ _______________________________________ • 2. Examples:____________________________ _______________________________________ All living things are made up of one or more units called cells. Bacteria, Protists, Fungus, Plants, and Animals.

  4. II. Characteristics of Life • B. Metabolism • 1. ____________________________________ _______________________________________ • 2. Examples:____________________________ The ability to take in and use energy, producing waste products. Photosynthesis, Digestion

  5. II. Characteristics of Life The ability to maintain a stable internal environment. • C. Homeostasis • 1. ____________________________________ _______________________________________ • 2. Examples: ___________________________ _______________________________________ Body temperature, Blood oxygen, Hydration, and Blood sugar

  6. II. Characteristics of Life • D. Reproduction • 1. ____________________________________ • 2. Examples: ___________________________ The ability to produce offspring. Asexual, Sexual

  7. II. Characteristics of Life • E. Heredity • 1. ____________________________________ _______________________________________ • 2. Examples: ___________________________ _______________________________________ Offspring resemble their parents due to information passed to them (DNA) Humans don’t give birth to non-humans, Family resemblance

  8. Family Resemblance Illustrated My brother and his son.

  9. II. Characteristics of Life • F. Growth and development • 1. _____________________________________ _______________________________________ • 2. Examples: ___________________________ Living things get larger and change during their lifetime. Metamorphosis, Puberty

  10. II. Characteristics of Life • G. Response to stimuli • 1. ____________________________________ • 2. Examples: ___________________________ _______________________________________ Reacts to changes in the environment Trees shed leaves in fall, Animals pull away from hot objects.

  11. III. Classification six kingdoms cell type, • A. All life is grouped into _______________ • B. Groupings are based on _____________ _________________________________ • C. The kingdoms are: _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ cell wall, body structure, & metabolism Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia

  12. Images used in this presentation were obtained online from: • Strep: www.geocities.com/mitchsea • Amoeba: faculty.clintoncc.suny.edu • Fungus: www.mycology.adelaide.edu.au • Onion: www.microscopy-uk.org.uk • Blood cells: www.cellsalive.com • Nerve: www.ngfn.de • Muscle: www.meddean.luc.edu • Pancreas: ww.sciencemuseum.org.uk

  13. Image sources, continued • Sunlight: gallery.hd.org • Food: www.centenaryarchers.gil.com.au • Thermometer: www.sfenvironment.com • Lungs: www.oup.co.uk • Water glass: www.quick.org.uk • Sugar: en.wikipedia.org • Cell division: dbb.urmc.rochester.edu • Baby: Coppins collection

  14. Image sources, continued • DNA: www.nist.gov • Family: Coppins collection • Chris and Charlie: Coppins collection • Butterfly lifecycle: www.martinsetc.com • Book cover: puberty4dummies.tripod.com • Fall color: www.edgeofthewilderness.com • Wood Stove: www.artec.net • Spaniel: www.grizzlyrun.com

  15. Image sources, continued • Archaebacteria: www.lbl.gov • Eubacteria: www-biol.paisley.ac.uk • Protista: www.acnatsci.org • Fungi: www.rbg.vic.gov.au • Plantae: www.championtrees.org • Animalia: www.chelonia.org