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Boundary Issues Maintaining Healthy & Professional Relationships with Students. By Tim Palmatier Kennedy and Graven (612) 337-9304 firstname.lastname@example.org . Defining Boundaries in Teacher-Student Relationships . Relationship boundaries Emotional boundaries Power boundaries
By Tim Palmatier
Kennedy and Graven
Physical Abuse: Any physical injury, mental injury or threatened injury inflicted by a person responsible for the child’s care on a child other than by accidental means, or any physical or mental injury that cannot reasonably be explained by the child’s history of injuries, or any aversive or deprivation procedures, or regulated interventions, that have not been authorized under applicable law.
Sexual Abuse: “Sexual abuse” means:
a. The subjection of a child by a person responsible for the child’s care, by a person who has a significant relationship to the child, or by a person in a position of authority, to any act which constitutes criminal sexual conduct. Sexual abuse also includes any act involving a minor which constitutes a violation of prostitution offenses. Sexual abuse includes threatening sexual abuse.
b. “Sexual contact” means touching of the child’s intimate parts or inducing the child to touch another person’s intimate parts.
c. “Intimate parts” means genital area, groin, thighs, buttocks, or breasts, including the clothing covering such intimate parts.
Neglect: failure by a person responsible for a child’s care to supply a child with necessary food, clothing, shelter, health, medical or other care required for the child’s physical or mental health when reasonably able to do so, failure to protect a child from conditions or actions which seriously endanger the child’s physical or mental health when reasonably able to do so, failure to provide necessary supervision or child care arrangements appropriate for a child, or failure to take steps to ensure that a child is educated in accordance with state law.
Corporal punishment: Hitting or spanking a student with or without an object or the use of unreasonable physical force that causes bodily harm or substantial emotional harm are also maltreatment.
The standard that triggers the mandatory reporting obligation is “reason to believe.” It does not require knowledge that a child has been abused or neglected.