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ALBERT EINSTEIN: The Theory of Relativity. A presentation by Oliver Marsh, 9MS. Philosophie Naturalis Principia Mathematica. Newton’s Equation of Gravity = F = G M1 + M2 R 2 F = Force G = Gravitational constant M1+2 = Masses of the two objects R = Distance between objects.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

ALBERT EINSTEIN:

The Theory of Relativity

A presentation by Oliver Marsh, 9MS

slide2

Philosophie Naturalis Principia Mathematica

Newton’s Equation of Gravity =

F = G M1 + M2

R2

F = Force

G = Gravitational constant

M1+2 = Masses of the two objects

R = Distance between objects

slide3

What is here?

Nothing

The Aether – how else could light from the Sunget to Earth througha vacuum?

slide4

LIGHT

LIGHT

MEASURER

MEASURER

LIGHT

LIGHT

MEASURER

MEASURER

IF THE AETHER EXISTS THEN…

The speed of light here should be measured as slower than…

…here

BUT THIS WAS NOT THE CASE

slide5

What is here?

Nothing

The Special Theory of Relativity

The Aether – how else could light from the Sun get to Earth througha vacuum?

Light is just a form of energy – it doesn’t need a medium to pass through.

AETHER THEORY

slide8

Star

3. …so the star appears to be here

1. The light ray…

2. …is bent by spacetime…

slide9

NEWTON’S TIME

Person 1

Person 2

EINSTEIN’S TIME

Person 1

Person 2

This has been proven by clocks on the Moon Rocket and Earth – the fast-moving rocket clock recorded less time than the slow-moving Earth clock.

slide10

Twins paradox.

At lightspeed time stops

E = MC²

This picture of Einstein writing on a blackboard is 4-dimesional – it shows the 3 dimensions of Space, plus his arm at different points in Time. This means that films are 4-dimensional.

slide11

100 yards long

A stationary train, as seen by an external observer

80 yards long

The same train, moving at 60% the Speed of Light, as seen by the same observer.

slide12

The Speed of Light = 186,000 miles per second

The Speed of Light squared =

34596000000

So energy = mass x 34596000000

slide13

7 x 1018 =

7000000000000000000

(which is a big number)

slide14

ALBERT EINSTEIN: THE GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY WAS CREATED AND PRESENTED BY OLIVER MARSH 9MS

slide15

Bibliography + Further Reading:

  • A Brief History of Time, Stephen Hawking
  • The Universe in a Nutshell, Stephen Hawking
  • Introducing Stephen Hawking, J. P. McEvoy + Oscar Zarate
  • Introducing Einstein, Joseph Schwartz + Michael McGuinness
  • A Short History of Nearly Everything, Bill Bryson
  • The ABC of Relativity, Bertrand Russell