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IP-enabled services/applications towards Next Generation Networks-NGN, e-Strategies - “Triple Play” solution IP Symposium for ASP UNCC Bangkok, Thailand 29-30 November 2005 Désiré KARYABWITE   IP Coordinator, E-Strategies Unit, Email: desire.karyabwite@itu.int

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slide1

IP-enabled services/applications towards NextGeneration Networks-NGN, e-Strategies - “Triple Play” solutionIP Symposium for ASPUNCC Bangkok, Thailand29-30 November 2005

Désiré KARYABWITE  

IP Coordinator,

E-Strategies Unit,

Email: desire.karyabwite@itu.int

Tel: +41 22 730 5009 Fax: +41 22 730 5484

The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and may not necessarily reflect the opinions of the ITU or its membership..

table of contents
Table of Contents
  • Introduction: E-Strategies
  • Challenges of Change: IP Telephony, Broadband and Interconnections, the high way for Telecom operators
  • Strategy for a smooth migration from circuit-switched networks to packet-switched networks
  • Conclusion
1 introduction
1. INTRODUCTION

E-Strategies (WTDC 2002 Istanbul)

Mission:Assist developing countries in harnessing the potentials of ICTs to contribute towards reducing the social divide, improving the quality life, promoting universal access and facilitating entry into the information society.In all actions, take into account the needs of rural, isolated and poorly served areas and people with special needs (Gender, Youths and Indigenous People).

World Telecommunication

Development Conference

7 to 15 March 2006 (Doha, Qatar)

slide4

Priorities

  • Providing assistancein technical and policy aspects ofInternet Protocol (IP).
  • The ITU Plenipotentiary Conference (Marrakech in 2002) :
  • to discuss policy, operational and technical issues on the Internet in general and the management of Internet domain names and addresses in particular for the benefit of Member States.
slide5

Multichannel

Broadcast TV

Fiber, PLC

Audio/VideoStreaming

DSL, Cable, PLC

WWW

MP3

V.90

E-mail, Chat, SMS

V.34

Technology and application interaction

slide6

2.1 Interconnections are Key issues

Direct connection

ISP 1

ISP 2

IX

Interconnecting via third party operated Internet Exchange Point

ISP 3

ISP 4

  • Economy of scale advantages through interconnection over an IX:
  • cost for maintenance and administration
  • cost for equipment
2. Challenges of Change: IP Telephony, Broadband and Interconnections, the high way for Telecom operators
slide7

Two different types of interconnections; peering and transit.

Peering:

is an interconnection business relationship whereby ISPs provide

connectivity to each others´customers

Transit:

From an ASP (Access Service Provider) to ISPs. The Internet business in most Countries is mainly based on transit bandwidth...

It is the business relationship whereby one ISP provides (usually sells)

access to all destinations in its routing table.

slide8

ISPs : From Transit to Peering in order to improve

and optimize the network efficiency/quality

Transit Provider / Access Service Provider

Transit = $$$, ~3 s

Transit = $$$, ~3 s

ISP 1

ISP 2

Peering = $, ~3 ms

2 2 the growth of voip
2.2 The growth of VoIP
  • At the start of 2004, there were more than 102 million broadband subscribers in about 100 countries where broadband services were available.
  • Republic of Korea was the leading economy at the start of 2004, with 23.3 broadband subscribers for every 100 inhabitants.
  • In terms of absolute number of subscribers, the United States was the largest single broadband market at the start of 2004, with over 25 million subscribers.
slide10

China added 11 million new broadband users in 2003 to reach 13.5 million, and at current rates of growth, it was expected to overtake the United States by year-end 2004 as the economy with the most broadband users.

  • (China had already overtaken the United States in terms of fixed lines in 2002 and mobile phones in 2001).
  • Vonage and Skype are some of the companies that are active in the VoB market. Vonage markets a flat-rate calling plan (unlimited calls in North America for USD 24.99) per month and international virtual numbers which allow for international calls to and from the United States at local call rates.
  • Skype in partnership with Colt, Level 3, Teleglobe or iBasis
  • SkypeOut network. PC to phone in 22 countries in Europe, Asia, in America
slide12

Voip Buster : www.voipbuster.com

Initial charge 5 euros and Free : Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States.

slide15

IP Telephony: ITU-T H.323 deployment scenarios

  • The Gateways (GW) provide many services, the most common being a translation function between H.323 conferencing endpoints and other terminal types.
  • A Gatekeeper (GK) is the most important component of an H.323-enabled network. It acts as thecentral point for all calls within its zone and provides call control services to registered endpoints.
  • Multipoint Control Unit (MCU) supports conferences between three or more endpoints
slide16

Output to VoIP via E1 digital trunk from PSTN lines

  • Conversion from standard analog subscribers to E1
  • Fixed-to-mobile conversion
  • Connecting old PBX to digital trunks
slide17

2.4 Security issues in Multimedia and VoIP

Security threats in Multimedia communications

slide18
User and terminal authentication
  • Server authentication
  • User/terminal and server authentication counter-security threats, such as masquerade, man-inthe-middle, IP address spoofing and connection hijacking.
  • Call authorization is the decision-making process
  • Signalling security protection addresses protection
  • Voice confidentiality is realized through encryption of the voice packets
  • Key management
  • Interdomain security deals with the problem that systems in heterogeneous environments have implemented different security features because
slide19

ITU-TRecommendation H.530 covers such security needs by addressing security aspects as:

  • –  Mobile terminal/user authentication and authorization in foreign visited domains.
  • –   Authentication of visited domain.
  • –   Secure key management.
  • –   Protection of signalling data between a mobile terminal and visited domain.
  • In addition to H.235, H.350 and H.350.2 provide for scalable key management
3 strategy for a smooth migration from circuit switched networks to packet switched networks
3. Strategy for a smooth migration from circuit-switched networks to packet-switched networks

3.1 IP-based Network development

COSTA RICA

IP Network Covering the full territory of the country

100’000 customers (IP penetration : 0.4 per habitant)

slide21

NGN

Structure of the Focus Group on Next Generation Networks (FGNGN)

Working Group

Area

WG 1

SR (Service Requirements) Group

WG 2

FAM (Functional Architecture and Mobility) Group

WG 3

QoS (Quality of Service) Group

WG 4

CSC (Control and Signalling Capability) Group

WG 5

SeC (Security Capability) Group

WG 6

Evo (Evolution) Group

WG 7

FPBN (Future Packet-based Bearer Networks) Group

3.2 Next Generation Networks

http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/ngn/fgngn/structure.html

slide23

Business Strategies : “Triple Play”

-VoIP

-Video

-Data

(EoIP for Everything on IP)

slide24

Italian Case Study: “FastWeb”

  • 2000, proposed “Triple Play” Solution (VoIP,Internet and Video)
  • Main cities: Milano, Roma, Gênes , Torino, Naples,
  • Bologna, Rimini, Modène).
  • ADSL (Down Stream 4 Mb/s and 512 kbits/s upStream) for « triple play ».
  • FastWeb belongs to e.Biscom(italian Compagny)
  • Investement 1,9 billion Euros (2000-2003)
  • PPP Investors (Milan city, Power compagnies AEM- Azienda Energia Milano).
  • Infrastructure belongs to Metroweb (a joint-venture e.Biscom/AEM).
  • FastWeb is responsible for Business Management
slide25

330’000 subscribers (2003)

  • 131’500 Subscribers in (2002).
  • 1’000 subscribers every day (70 % for Triple Play with no limitation for national Communication, Video communication(10 Mbit/s, no time and volume limitation)
  • Price 110 euros/m (USD 145) + 95 euros for the installation.
  • For TV Option: Contracts with (RAI- italian TV, Mediaset and La7). Access to BBC World, Bloomberg, RAINews 24 ou RAISat Sport and other sports. Access to VoD (Video On Demand). 4 to 6 Euros/film
slide26

VoIP calls: 3,5 millions on FastWeb’s Network

  • 20 % of the subscribers use the videocommunication (represents 34 % of the total Traffic)
  • The Revenue Average is 790 euros/year + 130 euros (VoD) / Sub.
  • Technologies Partners include : Cisco System, Pirelli, Telsey (gateways and terminals), Alcatel, Marconi and NetCentrex ( for VoIP and videocom)
  • National Strategy for the moment
  • Positive cash flow expected in 2005
3 4 key strategic issues to be analyzed
3.4 Key strategic issues to be analyzed

Legal interception

Some regulatory agencies fear that voice over broadband services may open the way to ill-intended users to hide behind anonymity to conduct illegal activities (for example, drug dealing or terrorism). If the service is non-licensed, then it may be difficult for legal authorities to trace, or monitor, suspicious calls.

Taxation Model

It may be inefficient to tax only licensed operators, because this will encourage those licensed operators to shift more of their traffic onto untaxed VoIP platforms/Triple Play.

slide28

Interconnection payments

The completion of a long-distance or international call typically requires the cooperation of two or more PTOs, at the origin and destination of the call and for transit. The PTO handling call termination and transit may require interconnection payments from the originator of the call.

slide29

Policy and Administration of IXP

  • The decision to be made is on having Bi-lateral or
  • Multi-lateral peering agreements to rule over the traffic
  • exchange over the IX:
  • Multi-lateral peering agreement implies that allconnected ISPs must peer with all other ISPs connected to the IX, on the same conditions.
  • Bi-lateral leaves it to the ISP to decide with whom to peer and on what conditions, but they must have peering agreements with at least two if they want to use the IX.

Procedures

  • Joining
  • Termination
  • Payment of fees

Documents

  • Policy of IXP
  • Connection agreement
  • Service definition
access technologies and qos
Access technologies and QoS

Open standard : DVB-RCS (Digital Video Broadcast - Return Channel System) (up to 8 Mbps downstream and up to 2 Mbps upstream or ….).

Class 1 (0 to 150 ms for really time com) Tel. Com

Class 2 (150 to 300 ms) bi-directional not really time

Class 3 (300 to 700 ms) half-duplex

Class 4 (> 700 ms) mil radio …

slide32

ITU -T G.993.x VDSL2 (Very high speed digital subscriber line 2 - VDSL2)

ITU -T G.993.1 VDSL (Very high speed Digital Subscriber Lines) technology permits the transmission of asymmetric and symmetric aggregate data rates up to tens of Mbit/s on twisted pairs. G.993.1 is an access technology that exploits the existing infrastructure of copper wires that were originally deployed for POTS services

slide33

Transformer (MV/LV)

(10-30KV/ 0.4-0.110KV)

Transformer Station

(HV/MV)

(110-380/10-30KV)

up to 4.5 Mbps

up to 45 Mbps

FiberBackbone

Low Voltage Network

IP Connectivity and PLC (Power Line Communication)

Medium Voltage Cable

4 conclusion
4. Conclusion

Data traffic is growing more (10 times) compared to the voice traffic and as a consequence, the past concept of telephone networks, which also carry data might be replaced by the concept of data networks that also carry voice.

In this regard, seam-less interworking between IP-based networks and PSTN and the interoperability of their respective applications or services is essential in meeting the business requirements placed on modern communication networks.

slide37
Best practices for DNS and IP addresses Management
  • Governing Law and Dispute Resolution
  • Clear responsibilities IXP/ Member Responsibilites
  • Clear Membership policy and Connection to IXP
  • Fees
  • Clear Corporate Strategies
  • Clear Business Strategies
slide38

Thank you for your Attention

For more details: www.itu.int/itu-d

Désiré KARYABWITE  

IP Coordinator,

E-Strategy Unit,

Email: desire.karyabwite@itu.int

Tel: +41 22 730 5009 Fax: +41 22 730 5484