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The FFA: The Past, Present and You. Introduction to Agriculture. STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES. 1. Explain how, when, and why the FFA was organized 2 Explain the mission and strategies, colors, motto, salute, parts of the emblem, and the organizational structure of the FFA.

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the ffa the past present and you

The FFA:The Past, Present and You

Introduction to Agriculture

student learning objectives

1. Explain how, when, and why the FFA was organized

2 Explain the mission and strategies, colors, motto, salute, parts of the emblem, and the organizational structure of the FFA.

3. Recite and explain the meaning of the FFA Creed.

4. Explain the purpose of a Program of Activities and its committee structure.

5. List and explain the various FFA Degrees.

6. List the four types of membership.

7. Identify correct Official Dress (O.D.) for FFA members.

8. Explain the rules of wearing the FFA jacket.

what is ffa
What is FFA?
  • …an organization of over 495,000 agricultural education students from all 50 states plus Puerto Rico & the Virgin Islands.
1928 continued
1928 – Continued
  • FFA was formed from the Future Farmers of Virginia.
  • Henry Groseclose of Virginia became known as the “Father of FFA”.
  • Leslie Applegate of New Jersey became the 1st National President.
ffa history1
FFA History
  • 1917 Congress passed Smith-Hughes Act
    • established agriculture classes
  • 1920’s Future Farmers of Virginia formed
    • Henry Groseclose-”Father of the FFA”
  • 1926 American Royal in Kansas City invited vocational agriculture students to judge livestock
1928 continued1
1928 - Continued
  • Dr. C.H. Lane became the 1st National Advisor.
  • The National FFA Convention was held in Kansas City from 1928 to 1998.
ffa history2
FFA History
  • 1928 Walt Disney draws Mickey Mouse for Kansas City Star
  • 1928 1st National Convention in Kansas City’s Baltimore Hotel

1st President - Leslie Applegate

1st Nat. Advisor - Dr. C.H. Lane

Dues set at $0.10

  • 1929 Carton Patton 1st American Star Farmer
  • National Blueand Corn Goldofficial colors
ffa history3
FFA History
  • 1930 FFA Creed Adopted

written by E.M. Tiffany

3rd national convention

revised in 1965, 1987, and 1990

  • 1933 FFA Jacket adopted as official dress
ffa history4
FFA History
  • 1939 National FFA Center located on part of the original estate of George Washington in Alexandria, Virginia
  • 1944 National FFA Foundation Formed

non-profit fundraising part of FFA

private donations fund awards

Foundation raises $6 million annually

ffa history5
FFA History
  • 1947 National FFA Band
  • 1948 National FFA Chorus
  • 1948 National FFA Supply Service Formed
    • Official Jackets
    • Awards
    • Anything FFA
ffa history6
FFA History
  • 1950 Public Law 740 granted National FFA a Federal Charter

FFA recognized as “intracurricular” part of the agriculture education program

  • 1952 National Future Farmer magazine published

now called FFA New Horizon

  • 1952 Code of Ethics adopted

FFA History

  • 1955 FFA in Japan, Brazil, Columbia, Korea, Mexico, Panama, Philippines, Thailand
  • 1955 International Student exchange programs begun can now travel to 30 countries
  • 1965 NFA merged with FFA
    • NFA (New Farmers) African American
ffa history7
FFA History
  • 1969 Girls admitted to FFA
  • 1969 First Star Agribusinessman
  • 1971 National FFA Alumni founded

support agriculture education

  • 1988 Name changed to National FFA Organization
1988 Name of the organization was changed to National FFA Organization.
  • 1989 Name of The National Future Farmer magazine was changed to New Horizons.
  • 1999 National FFA Center moved from Alexandria, VA, to Indianapolis, IN.
  • 1999 The National FFA Convention was moved to Louisville, Kentucky.
introduction to sae

Introduction to SAE

From National SAE Web Site

Dr. Gary Moore

read this carefully
Read this carefully!

Wanted: Landscape Maintenance worker, Operate a lawn mower and power blower. Need a person who can work with out supervision. Experience required. Call 515-7743.

read this carefully1
Read this carefully!

Vet Assistant needed. Mayflower Animal Hospital needs an experienced individual to work 20 hours a week. Duties including bathing animals, grooming and feeding of animals. Apply in person at 316 Walnut Street.

read this carefully2
Read this carefully!

Wanted: Dependable person to handle over the counter sales in a busy garden center. Pay is $7.50 an hour. Neat appearance important along with the ability to work with people. Experience in working with plants a must. Call 515-2396 for an interview.

what was the same in all 3 ads
What was the same in all 3 ads?
  • Each advertisement wanted the person to be experienced. People who have experience have the edge in landing a job. But:
    • How do you get experience without first having a job?
    • How do you get a job without first having experience?



gaining experience
Gaining Experience!!
  • Question:
    • How can you gain experience to get a job (or prepare for college)?
  • Answer:
    • Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE)


what is sae
What is SAE?
  • Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) Programs consist of planned practical activities conducted outside of class time in which students develop and apply agricultural knowledge and skills.
how does a sae help me
How Does a SAE Help Me?
  • Develop skills that can be used in getting a job
  • Provides the opportunity to make money
  • Develops skills that can be used in starting you own business
  • Helps development managementskills
how does a sae help me1
How Does a SAE Help Me...?
  • Learn record keeping skills
  • Improves analytical and decision making skills
  • Teaches responsibility
  • Provides the opportunity to explore possible careers
how does a sae help me2
How Does a SAE Help Me...?
  • Develops knowledge and skills that could be helpful in college, as a hobby or for recreation.
  • Provides the opportunity to win awards: FFA proficiency awards are based on the SAE program. In addition to winning awards, money can be won at regional, state and national levels
how does a sae help me3
How Does a SAE Help Me...?
  • FFA degrees are partially based on the SAE. You must have a SAE program to advance.
  • In order to be a state or national officer, you first must have an advanced FFA degree which is partially based on SAE.
  • Could help the grade in Agriculture class.
types of sae
Types of SAE
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Placement
  • Research
    • Experimental
    • Non-Experimental
  • Exploratory
  • Improvement
  • Supplemental
  • The student plans, implements, operates and assumes financial risks in a farming activity or agricultural business. In Entrepreneurship programs, the student owns the materials and other required inputs and keeps financial records to determine return to investments.
entrepreneurship examples
Entrepreneurship examples:
  • Growing an acre of corn
  • Operating a Christmas tree farm
  • Raising a litter of pigs
  • Running a pay-to-fish operation
  • Growing bedding plants in the school greenhouse
  • Owning and operating a lawn care service
  • A group of students growing a crop of poinsettias
  • Placement programs involve the placement of students on farms and ranches, in agricultural businesses, in school laboratories or in community facilities to provide a "learning by doing" environment. This is done outside of normal classroom hours and may be paidor non-paid.
placement examples
Placement Examples
  • Placement in a florist shop
  • Working after school at a farm supply store.
  • Working on Saturdays at a riding stable
  • Working in the school greenhouse after school and on weekends and holidays
  • Placement on a general livestock farm
  • An extensive activity where the student plans and conducts a major agricultural experiment using the scientific process. The purpose of the experiment is to provide students "hands-on" experience in:
    • 1. Verifying, learning or demonstrating scientific principles in agriculture.
    • 2. Discovering new knowledge.
    • 3. Using the scientific process.
research examples
Research Examples
  • Comparing the effect of various planting media on plant growth
  • Determining the impact of different levels of protein on fish growth
  • Comparing three rooting hormones on root development
  • Determining if phases of the moon have an effect on plant growth
examples continued
Examples, continued
  • Analyzing the effectiveness of different display methods on plant sales in a garden center
  • Demonstrating the impact of different levels of soil acidity on plant growth
  • Determining the strength of welds using different welding methods
  • There are two major types of Research Projects - Experimental and Non-Experimental. The previous slides described experimental. The two slides that follow describe non-experimental research.
non experimental research
Non-Experimental Research
  • Students choose an agricultural problem that is not amenable to experimentation and design a plan to investigate and analyze the problem. The students gather and evaluate data from a variety of sources and then produce some type of finished product.
non experimental examples
Non-Experimental Examples:
  • A marketing plan for an agricultural commodity
  • A series of newspaper articles about the environment
  • A land use plan for a farm
  • A landscape design for a community facility
  • An advertising campaign for an agribusiness
  • Exploratory SAE activities are designed primarily to help students become literate in agriculture and/or become aware of possible careers in agriculture. Exploratory SAE activities are appropriate for beginning agricultural students but is not restricted to beginning students.
exploratory examples
Exploratory Examples:
  • Observing and/or assisting a florist
  • Growing plants in a milk jug "greenhouse"
  • Assisting on a horse farm for a day
  • Interviewing an agricultural loan officer in a bank
  • Preparing a scrapbook on the work of a veterinarian
  • Attending an agricultural career day
improvement minor component
Improvement (minor component)
  • Improvement activities include a series of learning activities that improves the value or appearance of the place of employment, home, school or community; the efficiency of an enterprise or business, or the living conditions of the family. An improvement activity involves a series of steps and generally requires a number of days for completion.
improvement examples
Improvement Examples:
  • Landscaping the home
  • Building a fence
  • Remodeling and painting a room
  • Overhauling a piece of equipment
  • Building or reorganizing a farm shop
  • Renovating and restocking a pond
  • Computerizing the records of an agricultural business
supplementary minor
Supplementary (Minor)
  • A supplementary activity is one where the student performs one specific agricultural skill outside of normal class time. This skill is not related to the major SAE but is normally taught in an agricultural program, involves experiential learning and does contribute to the development of agricultural skills and knowledge on the part of the student. The activity is accomplished in less than a day and does not require a series of steps.
supplementary examples
Supplementary Examples:
  • Pruning a fruit tree
  • Changing oil in a sod cutter
  • Balling & burlaping a tree
  • Helping a neighbor castrate pigs
  • Cutting firewood with a chain saw
  • Staking tomatoes
sae and the full plate
SAE and the Full Plate

When thinking about the different components of a SAE program, it might help to think of a meal. No one likes an empty plate!

sae and the full plate1
SAE and the Full Plate

If we add a steak to the plate, this is similar to having an Entrepreneurship SAE. For decades, Entrepreneurship has been the foundation of SAE. But a steak by itself doesn’t make a balanced meal!

sae and the full plate2
SAE and the Full Plate

The passage of the Vocational Education Act of 1963 caused more interest in off-farm agriculture. This resulted in adding Placement as a type of SAE. We can think of the potato as Placement on our SAE plate.

sae and the full plate3
SAE and the Full Plate

With the increased emphasis on science in agriculture, a need arose in the 1990s for a new type of SAE activity - Research. The green beans represent this addition to our SAE plate.

sae and the full plate4
SAE and the Full Plate

We now have a full plate. However, our meal would be improved by the addition of several additional items. These additional items help round our our SAE plate. We call them minor SAE components.

sae and the full plate5
SAE and the Full Plate

The addition of a soup or salad helps start a meal. Exploratory activities are designed to help students start their SAE programs.

sae and the full plate6
SAE and the Full Plate

A beverage would help compliment the meal. Supplementary SAE activities help complement the SAE program.

sae and the full plate7
SAE and the Full Plate

Adding a dessert rounds our our meal. Improvement activities help round out the SAE plate.

sae and the full plate8
SAE and the Full Plate

While a SAE program can contain just one or two different types of activities, the goal should be to have a full plate of different activities. This maximizes learning.

sae fill your plate
SAE: Fill Your Plate







turning sae into a job
A “word ladder” is an activity where one letter in a word is changed to form a new word. You change one letter at a time until you have a new word. See if you can change SAE into JOB.Turning SAE into a JOB

• J O B

• __ __ __

• __ __ __

• __ __ __

• S A E

the ffa purpose
• Recreation

• Patriotism

• Service

• Character

• Thrift

• Leadership

• Scholarship

• Improved Agriculture

• Cooperation

• Citizenship

The FFA Purpose

The purpose of the FFA is to develop:

The FFA stresses three closely related areas: leadership, personal growth, and career success.

the ffa mission
The FFA Mission
  • FFA makes a positive difference in the lives of students by developing their potential for premier leadership, personal growth and career success through agriculture education.
the ffa degree ladder
The FFA Degree Ladder
  • Degrees recognize progress in leadership, agricultural education and your SAE
  • Greenhand Degree
  • Chapter FFA Degree
  • State FFA Degree
  • American FFA Degree
greenhand ffa degree
Greenhand FFA Degree
  • For first year members
  • Knowledge of FFA History
  • Recite the Creed
  • Recite the Motto
  • Recite the Salute
  • Must be enrolled in Agriculture Ed.
  • Have satisfactory SAE plans
greenhand requirements
Greenhand Requirements
  • Have learned and can explain the FFA Mission Statement
  • Describe and Explain the meaning of the FFA Emblem and Colors
  • Understand the FFA Code of Ethics
  • Understand Proper use of the FFA Jacket
greenhand requirements1
Greenhand Requirements
  • Familiar with the chapter constitution and bylaws
  • Familiar with the Program of Activities
  • Have access to the Official FFA Manual and FFA Student Handbook
  • Submitted written application for the Greenhand Degree
chapter ffa degree
Chapter FFA Degree
  • Completed 2 semesters of agriculture
  • Have SAE program in operation
  • Earn and productively invest $150 or work at least 45 hours at SAE
  • Effectively lead a group discussion for 15 minutes
  • Demonstrate 5 parliamentary procedures
chapter ffa degree1
Chapter FFA Degree
  • Show progress towards individual achievement in the FFA award program
  • Have a satisfactory scholastic record
  • Star Chapter Farmer -outstanding production SAE
  • Star Chapter Agribusiness Award - outstanding business SAE
state ffa degree
State FFA Degree
  • Active FFA member 2 years
  • 2 years of agriculture
  • Earn and productively invest $1000 or work 300 hours in an SAE Program
  • Perform 10 parliamentary procedures
    • Give a 6 minute speech
state ffa degree1
State FFA Degree
  • Chapter officer or committee member
  • Satisfactory scholastic record
  • Participate in the planning of the Program of Activities
  • 5 activities above chapter level
  • Degree Charm worn

above name on jacket

or on standard key


american ffa degree
American FFA Degree
  • Highest degree
  • Active member for 3 years
  • 3 years of class
  • Graduate from high school at least 12 months prior to receiving degree
  • Outstanding SAE Program
american ffa degree1
American FFA Degree
  • Earn and productively invest $7,500 or earn and invest $1,500 and work at least 2,250 unpaid hours
  • Have a record of outstanding leadership abilities
  • Scholastic record of “C” or better
  • Golden key worn above name or on chain
american ffa degree2
American FFA Degree
  • American Star Farmer and Star Agribusiness (1 each from 4 regions)
  • All finalists receive European Tour
  • Highest Awards in FFA
types of membership
Types of Membership
  • Active
    • enrolled in ag class, dues paid
  • Collegiate
    • 2 or 4 year college
  • Alumni
    • former members or interested people
  • Honorary
    • people who support FFA
identify the career developemnt events in which ffa members may participate
Identify the Career Developemnt Events in which FFA members may participate.
  • Livestock
    • Evaluation of breeding and market BEEF, SWINE AND SHEEP
    • Grading Frame Size
    • Grading Back Fat
    • Oral Reasons
  • Meats
    • Identification of Wholesale and Retail meat cuts
    • Placing of Cuts
    • Ribeyes
    • Carcass Grading
    • Hamburger Problems
    • Written Test
    • Wiring
    • Diagraming
    • Floor Plans
    • Identification
    • Written Test
  • Nursery/Landscape
    • Identification
      • Plants
      • Pest
      • Equipment
    • Placing
    • Landscape Problems/Calculation
    • Written Test
Ag Business
    • Problems
      • Net Worth Statements
      • Depreciation
      • Break-Even
      • Substitutions
      • Partial Budget
      • Asset Allocations
    • Written Test
ag leadership events
Ag. Leadership Events
  • Parliamentary Procedure
  • Opening and Closing Ceremonies
  • Creed Speaking
  • Extemporaneous Speaking
  • Prepared Public Speaking
the eagle
The eagle is a reminder of our freedom and ability to explore new horizons for the future of agricultureThe Eagle
the emblem
Put it all together

Trademark of the National FFA Organization

Be Proud Of It

The Emblem
ffa colors
FFA Colors
  • National Blue
  • Corn Gold
ffa motto
FFA Motto

Learning to Do

Doing to Learn

Earning to Live

Living to Serve

ffa salute
FFA Salute
  • Pledge of Allegiance
ffa creed
FFA Creed

I believe in the future of agriculture with a faith born not of words but of deeds--achievements won by the present and past generations of agriculturists; in the promise of better days through better ways, even as the better things we now enjoy have come to us from the struggles of former years.

ffa creed1
FFA Creed

I believe that to live and work on a good farm, or to be engaged in other agricultural pursuits, is pleasant as well as challenging; for I know the joys and discomforts of agricultural life and hold an inborn fondness for those associations which, even in hours of discouragement, I cannot deny.

ffa creed2
FFA Creed

I believe in leadership from ourselves and respect from others. I believe in my own ability to work efficiently and think clearly, with such knowledge and skill as I can secure, and in the ability of progressive agriculturists to serve our won and public interest in producing and marketing the product of our toil.

ffa creed3
FFA Creed

I believe in less dependence on begging and more power in bargaining; in the life abundant and enough honest wealth to help make it so--for others as well as myself; in less need for charity and more of it when needed; in being happy myself and playing square with those whose happiness depends on me.

ffa creed4
FFA Creed

I believe that American agriculture can and will hold true to the best traditions of our national life and that I can exert an influence in my home and community which will stand solid for my part in that inspiring task.

ffa creed5
FFA Creed
  • Written by E. M. Tiffany
  • Adopted at 3rd national convention
  • Revised at 38th and 63rd convention
official dress
Official Dress
  • Girls
    • black skirt or slacks
    • white blouse
    • official blue scarf
    • black shoes
    • official jacket zipped to the top
official dress1
Official Dress
  • Boys
    • black slacks
    • white shirt
    • official FFA tie
    • black shoes
    • black socks
    • official jacket zipped to the top
proper use of the ffa jacket
Proper Use of the FFA Jacket
  • Only worn by members
  • Kept clean and neat
  • Only emblems, state, chapter, name and one office or honor
  • Worn on official occasions zipped up, collar down, cuffs buttoned
  • Only worn to places appropriate for members to visit
proper use of the ffa jacket1
Proper Use of the FFA Jacket
  • School letters etc. not worn on jacket
  • Discard when worn, remove emblems
  • Remove emblems if given away
  • Act like a lady or gentlemen when wearing the FFA jacket
  • No tobacco or alcohol in jacket
  • Degree, Office, Award (1 each) worn below name
chapter officer positions and responsibilities
Chapter Officer Positions and Responsibilities
  • President-
    • Preside over meetings
    • Appoint Committees
    • Coordinate activities
    • Represent the chapter
  • Vice President-
    • Help the President
    • Coordinate all committees
    • Develop Program of Activity (POA)
    • Chapter correspondence
    • Maintain member attendance and activity records
  • Treasurer-
    • Serve as chairperson of the earning and savings committee
    • Prepare and submit the membership roster
    • Plan public information programs
    • Release news and information to news media
  • Sentinel-
    • Assist the president in maintaining order
    • Welcome guest and visitors
    • Keep meeting room comfortable
  • Jr. Advisor-
    • Provide guidance and wisdom
    • Assist in chapter planning