origins of jazz l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Origins of Jazz PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Origins of Jazz

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

Origins of Jazz - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Origins of Jazz Intro to Jazz Jazz is a strictly American style of music Created by musicians who were predominantly African American Created for performing in the streets, bars, brothels, and dance halls in New Orleans other Southern cites What is Jazz? Jazz is characterized by:

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Origins of Jazz' - benjamin

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
intro to jazz
Intro to Jazz
  • Jazz is a strictly American style of music
  • Created by musicians who were predominantly African American
  • Created for performing in the streets, bars, brothels, and dance halls in New Orleans other Southern cites
what is jazz
What is Jazz?
  • Jazz is characterized by:
    • Improvisation
    • Syncopation
    • Steady beat
    • Unique tone colors and performance techniques
  • Term “jazz” became popular in 1917
when did jazz get its start
When did Jazz get its start?
  • Probably as early as 1900, but because early jazz did not exist in notation, it’s impossible to know when jazz was first heard
  • First jazz recording was the Dixieland Jazz Band in 1917
  • Has since developed into several styles, including:
    • New Orleans
    • Swing
    • Bebop
    • Cool Jazz
    • Free Jazz
    • Jazz Rock
jazz and society
Jazz and Society
  • Center of jazz has shifted from New Orleans to Chicago, Kansas City, and New York
  • No “center” for jazz exists today, as the music has spread worldwide
  • Originally intended as dance music, but since the 1940’s, newer styles are intended for listening
  • As likely to hear jazz in a concert hall as in a bar or nightclub
jazz as a part of musical culture
Jazz as a part of musical culture
  • Lincoln Center and Carnegie Hall have regular jazz series
  • Jazz Masterworks Orchestra has been founded at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History
  • Colleges offer course and majors in jazz
roots of jazz
Roots of Jazz
  • Blend of many cultures, mostly West African, American, and European
  • West African influences include:
    • Improvisation
    • Drumming and percussive sounds
    • Complex rhythms
    • Call and Response- a voice or instrument is answered by another voice or instrument
roots of jazz8
Roots of Jazz
  • American influences included the body of music developed by African Americans:
    • Work songs
    • Spirituals
    • Gospel Hymns
    • Dances like the cakewalk
  • Marching Band instruments were included in early jazz bands
  • Band music helped shape the forms and rhythms of early jazz
ragtime 1890 s to about 1915
Ragtime (1890’s to about 1915)
  • Ragtime is a style of piano music developed by black pianists who played in saloons and dance halls
  • Characterized by:
    • Duple meter
    • Moderate tempo
    • Highly syncopated right hand
    • Left hand maintains steady beat with “oom-pah”
listening maple leaf rag
Listening: Maple Leaf Rag
  • Composed by Scott Joplin in 1899
  • One of the most famous piano rags in history and first piece by an African American to sell well
  • March form: Two sixteen measure strains, followed by a trio a fourth higher, than two more strains
  • This recording is from a player piano in 1916
  • Refers to both a form of vocal and instrumental music and style of performance
  • Grew out of African American folk music
  • Uncertain when blues originated, but sung in rural areas in the south by 1890’s
  • Original “country blues” sung with guitar accompaniment and no standardized form or style
rise of the blues
Rise of the Blues
  • Form of blues began to standardize with WC Handy’s Memphis Blues(1912) and St. LouisBlues (1912)
  • Became a national craze among African Americans in the 1920s
  • 12 bar blues became standard form in blues music
  • 1940s saw emergence of “urban blues” in Chicago- used electric guitar and amps
12 bar blues
12-bar Blues
  • Involves only three chords: Tonic (I), Subdominant (IV), and Dominant (V)
    • Line 1: Four measures of I
    • Line 2: Two measures IV, two measures I
    • Line 3: Two measures of V, two measures I
  • Each stanza sung or played to the same series of chords, though other may be inserted between the main ones
  • Usually in Duple Meter
blues vocals
Blues Vocals
  • Use “bent” notes, scoops, slides
  • “Blue” notes and scales used
    • Produced by lowering the 3rd, 5th, and 7th of the scale approximately one half step
  • Rhythm is flexible- often “around” the beat
  • Jazz instrumentalists used 12-bar blues and blue notes as a basis for improvisation
listening lost your head blues
Listening: Lost Your Head Blues
  • Performed by Bessie Smith, the “empress of the blues”- most famous blues singer in the 1920s
  • Each stanza is a 12-bar blues pattern
  • Improvised cornet imitates the vocal lines
  • Listen for the inflections in her voice- characteristic of jazz and blues singers
  • Smith varies the pitch and rhythm of line to create interest and build to the end of the song