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Maryland Clean Boating Lesson Plan. Section 1 PETROLEUM CONTROL. Petroleum: Environmental Concerns. May float on surface, evaporate or settle to bottom. Harmful or fatal to aquatic life. Gets into the “food web” and is passed on. Fuel and The Law. Discharge of oil prohibited by

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maryland clean boating lesson plan

Maryland Clean Boating Lesson Plan

Section 1


petroleum environmental concerns
Petroleum: Environmental Concerns
  • May float on surface, evaporate or settle to bottom.
  • Harmful or fatal to aquatic life.
  • Gets into the “food web” and is passed on.

fuel and the law
Fuel and The Law
  • Discharge of oil prohibited by

The Clean Water Act

  • Report Spills to USCG at 800-424-8802
  • Spills subject to a $5,000 penalty
  • Don’t use soaps to hide a spill—they make it worse.
  • $25,000 penalty for hiding fuel spills
  • State law also prohibits discharges–may impose additional fines

petroleum fueling practices
Petroleum: Fueling Practices
  • Know your tank capacity
  • Always stay with the fuel nozzle.
  • Fill to no more than 90% capacity–listen and pay attention as you fuel.
  • Fuel expands as it warms up on your vessel
  • Fuel at the start of a trip, not the end
  • Fill portable tanks ashore
  • Use oil absorbent pads to catch drips
  • Slow down at the beginning and end of fueling

petroleum control fueling practices
Petroleum Control: Fueling Practices
  • Always remember, safety first!
  • Extinguish all smoking materials
  • Shut down engines
  • For gas engines, close off access to enclosed compartments and remove passengers during fueling
  • For gas engines run the blower for several minutes before restarting.

bilge maintenance and oil changes
Bilge Maintenance and Oil Changes
  • Discharge of oily water is illegal
  • Use oil-sorb pads in bilge and engine compartment to keep clean.
  • Replace oil-sorb pads regularly
  • If you use soaps in the bilge, pump them into a bucket and dump in a sink ashore. Don’t pump overboard.
  • Keep engine well tuned

disposal of oil absorbent materials
Disposal of Oil Absorbent Materials
  • Depends of type of material and how it was used

Regular absorbent pads or booms:

  • saturated with gasoline–air dry in a safe location and reuse
  • saturated with oil or diesel–double bag in sealed plastic and put in regular trash

Bio-remediating materials:

OK in regular trash, but do not wrap in plastic

emissions control
Emissions Control
  • Engine emissions contribute to ground level ozone–a health risk
  • Use oil/gas ratio recommended by engine manufacturer
  • Use gasoline with recommended octane level
  • Upgrade to direct-injected 2 stroke or a 4 stroke outboard when time to replace

prevent spills from inboard tanks
Prevent Spills from Inboard Tanks
  • Air/fuel separators—prevent spills from fuel vents
  • Safety nozzle for portable gas cans
  • Fuel overflow containers—capture fuel vent spills
  • Bilge pump switches or filters–preventing oily discharge

petroleum in case of a spill
Petroleum: In Case of a Spill
  • Stop the flow
  • Contain the spill
  • Call the USCG National Response Center at 800-424-8802
  • Call Maryland Department of the Environment’s Emergency Response Division at 866-633-4686