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Presentation of Zambian IFMIS. Integrated Financial Management Information Systems (IFMIS). Chitundu N Mwango Accountant General Ministry of Finance and National Planning Lusaka, Zambia Telephone 260 (1) 251471 Email: {}. Background.

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integrated financial management information systems ifmis

Presentation of Zambian IFMIS

Integrated Financial Management Information Systems (IFMIS)

Chitundu N Mwango

Accountant General

Ministry of Finance and National Planning

Lusaka, Zambia

Telephone 260 (1) 251471

Email: {}

  • The Government has been implementing the Public Service Reform Programme (PSRP) from 1993.
    • The aim of the PSRP is to improve the quality, efficiency and effectiveness of Public Service delivery.
  • In 1999 a concern arose as to whether the measures taken under the PSRP framework had resulted in improved performance.
    • It was acknowledged then that these measures had not led to tangible improvements in the delivery of public services.
  • Therefore, Public Service Capacity Building Project (PSCAP) was designed to support the implementation of the Public Service Reform Programme.
    • PSCAP is financed by the World Bank and managed at Cabinet Office
    • One of the PSCAP component was the “Financial Management, Accountability and Transparency”
    • IFMIS is a project within the “Financial Management, Accountability and Transparency” component


  • In 2000 a local consulting firm was engaged for 6 months and produced the IFMIS roadmap
  • In 2001 a local short term consultant was recruited to initiate the implementation of IFMIS
    • Assisted in recruiting Project Manager, Manager IT and Manager Accounting.
    • Other Managers (Budget, Audit, Debt, Training) identified by roadmap were not recruited due to lack of funds
    • Initiated the process of engaging a consulting firm to analyse and design IFMIS
  • Government seconded one principal accountant and three principal analysts to the Project team but did not stay because of lack of incentives
ifmis design
IFMIS Design
  • In 2002 Government issued a tender for a long term consultant to analyze and design IFMIS
    • However the tender for the long term consultant was annulled (cancelled) because of disagreement between the Government and Bank on the procurement process
  • An IFMIS advisor was recruited through Bank but was based in Washington and Government terminated the contract
  • Government decided to use the local IFMIS Project team to analyze and design IFMIS
    • This saved Government about $1million
  • The Project team undertook a comprehensive assessment of user requirements and conducted IFMIS sensitization workshops
ifmis design1
IFMIS Design
  • The local team designed the IFMIS chart of accounts which took into consideration the GFS and IPSAS
  • Produced the IFMIS assessment report, Requirements Specification, and Chart of Accounts as part of IFMIS design
  • Undertook study tours of IFMIS implementation in Tanzania and Uganda
  • Initiated a tender for installation and implementation of IFMIS using the World Bank procurement guidelines

Implementation Plan

  • Zambian IFMIS will be implemented in three phases
  • Phase 1 (Pilot Implementation – 8 months)
    • A total of 3 Ministries and 2 Provinces will be hooked to the Data Centre (Accountant General).
    • Interface with Bank of Zambia and Zambia Revenue Authority for the Treasury Operations.
    • The pilot sites are:
      • Ministry of Finance and National Planning, Lusaka
      • Ministry of Education, Lusaka.
      • Ministry of Works and Supply, Lusaka
      • North-Western Province, Solwezi
      • Eastern Province, Chipata
  • Phase 2 (Rollout Implementation – 20 months)
    • 41 Ministries, Provinces and Spending Agencies will be hooked to Data Centre
  • Phase 3 (Interface Implementation – 6 months)
    • Local authorities, parastatals will interface with Data Centre
status on ifmis tender
Status on IFMIS tender
  • Prepared two bidding documents (pre-qualification and IFMIS main bid)
  • Pre-qualification bid documents were issued in Jul 2003 and (19) applicants were received.
  • Initially 4 firms were pre-qualified but later increased to 7 firms and main bid documents were issued to 7 firm in Dec 2004
  • Only 3 bids were received and after evaluation undertook post-qualification assessment of the lowest evaluated bidder in Jun 2004
  • Pre-contract negotiation held in Aug/Sep 2004 and requested for no objection from the World Bank to sign contract
progress achievements systems and infrastructure
Progress/Achievements – Systems and Infrastructure
  • Developed the Activity Based Budgeting (ABB) software and MTEF in 2003 and implemented in 2004
    • Parts of the IFMIS chart of accounts adopted in the ABB and FMS
  • Upgraded the FMS and commitment control system using the local team (the system was appreciated by IMF and IDA)
  • Implemented the Payroll Management and Establishment Control (PMEC) system using SAP to efficiently manage and control public service payroll
  • Currently piloting CAATS in two ministries
progress achievements systems and infrastructure1
Progress/Achievements – Systems and Infrastructure
  • Developed and implemented a Static Arrears database in June 2003 (saved $90,000)
  • Developed and implemented an Asset register for moveable assets in line ministries which will be an input to the IFMIS assets module
  • Currently upgrading the LAN at MOFNP compatible to IFMIS
  • Currently completing the preparation of the five (5) IFMIS pilot sites

Progress/Achievements – Training & Change mgt

  • 400 Accountants trained in FMS and CCS
  • 50+ Procurement Officers trained in Commitment Control System
  • 12 Persons trained in Prince2 project management
  • 120+ internal auditors and Auditor General staff trained in Computer Aided Audit Techniques (CAATs)
  • Sensitized members of Parliament (Public Accounts Committee and Estimates Committee), Permanent Secretaries, Directors in Ministries, accountants and auditors in IFMIS
  • Salary officers in all line ministries trained in PMEC systems
  • Developed an in-service syllabus (including IFMIS) in Government accounts for accountants, auditors and non-accounting staff
progress achievements other initiatives
Progress/Achievements – Other initiatives
  • Revised the Finance Act (currently being debated by parliament)
  • Constituted the PEMFAR steering committee to provide policy guidance to the IFMIS project (with representation from Zambia National Tender Board, Auditor General, Bank of Zambia, Revenue Authority, Clerk of National Assembly)
  • Formed six (6) IFMIS implementation working groups to facilitate stakeholder involvement in IFMIS implementation and ensure sustainability after the project ends
  • Internet Connection to commercial banks to download the bank statements
benefits of interim measures
Benefits of interim measures
  • Improved cash monitoring through internet connection to the banks
  • Bank reconciliation on time due interface with banks
  • Timely production of financial reports (the 2003 financial report is being printed)
  • Production of monthly expenditure returns by Ministries, Provinces and Spending Agencies within 15 days
  • Eliminate ghost workers and other irregularities by linking (matching) establishment to the payroll
way forward pemfa programme
Way Forward - PEMFA Programme
  • In 2003 Government and the World Bank completed the Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review (PEMFAR) which is a diagnostics tool
  • Comprehensive Integrated Reform
    • Focus on inter-linkages ensures appropriate sequencing and timing
    • Entire public expenditure management procedure chains reformed
  • Table on next slide summarises the 12 components identified within the Government Strategy Document.
challenges lesson learnt procurement issues
Challenges/Lesson Learnt –Procurement issues
  • The IFMIS procurement procedures are too long, for example it has taken about 20 months to procure the IFMIS system
  • Delays in obtaining no objections and approvals from stakeholders
  • Pressure from strong stakeholders causes delays and selection of suppliers who may not deliver, eg increasing the pre-qualified firms
  • Conflict between procurement procedures and standard Information Systems development procedures
    • For example, procurement procedure did not allow all pre-qualified firms to demonstrate their solution to Government before making final selection
challenges lesson learnt hipc benchmark
Challenges/Lesson Learnt – HIPC Benchmark
  • IFMIS as a HIPC Benchmark helped to sensitizes stakeholders on importance of IFMIS and secured political will
  • Puts pressure on Governments to rush the implementation of IFMIS
challenges lesson learnt financing issues
Challenges/Lesson Learnt – Financing issues
  • Shortage of equipment and lack of connectivity (LAN) delayed the pace of implementing the retooled FMS and CCS
  • IFMIS costs are huge (US$24million) and difficult to find partners who are willing to finance
  • Financing arrangement of IFMIS project through third party delayed implementation
  • Justification of IFMIS in view of competing social needs such as education, health and development projects
  • Continued support by cooperating partners is not easy to maintain
challenges lesson learnt human issues
Challenges/Lesson Learnt – Human issues
  • User resistance and other important stakeholders not participating
  • Change management issues
  • Power and politics as to who is the IFMIS Champion
  • Retention of core team to implement the IFMIS and the issue of incentives for civil servants
  • Although the IFMIS main contract has not yet been signed with the Supplier due to lengthy procurement procedures, Government has made a number of significant achievement in public financial management and preparing for full implementation of IFMIS
  • Experience acquired from development and implementation of ABB, FMS and CCS as well as study tours will help Government in the implementation of IFMIS
  • Thank You