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J.Finch@uel.ac.uk. Innovation or Imitation? The Use of the Voice Centred Relational Method in Social Work Research Methods@Plymouth Plymouth University, 19 th & 20 th May 2011 Jo Finch . J.Finch@uel.ac.uk. Innovation or Imitation? . Overview of Presentation. Professional Context

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slide1

J.Finch@uel.ac.uk

Innovation or Imitation?

The Use of the Voice Centred Relational Method in Social Work Research

Methods@Plymouth

Plymouth University, 19th & 20th May 2011

Jo Finch

slide2

J.Finch@uel.ac.uk

Innovation or Imitation?

overview of presentation
Overview of Presentation
  • Professional Context
  • Research Undertaken
  • Context of Social Work Research
  • Voice Centred Relational Method (also known as The Listening Guide)
  • Imitation or Innovation?
  • A method for innovative qualitative social work research?
  • Concluding Comments
professional context
Professional Context
  • Senior Lecturer in Social Work (UEL)
  • Associate Lecturer in Social Work (University of Sussex)
  • Freelance practice educator
  • Former children and families social worker and play therapist
research undertaken professional doctorate in social work university of sussex completed in 2010
Research Undertaken - Professional Doctorate in Social Work (University of Sussex) completed in 2010
  • Highly Qualitative
  • Utilised practitioner-research, narrative and life story and ethnographic approaches in its design
  • Data analysed using the Voice Centred Relational method.
  • Interviewed 20 practice educators who had worked with a struggling or failing student

Can’t Fail, Won’t Fail – Why Practice Assessors Find it Difficult to Fail Social Work Students. A Qualitative Study of Practice Assessors' Experiences of Assessing Marginal or Failing Social Work Students. http://eprints.sussex.ac.uk/2370/

context of social work research
Context of Social Work Research

Shaw, 2003; Sharland ,2009

Furlong & Oancea, 2005

Butler, 2002; Powell, 2002; Sharland, 2009

Social justice?

Participation, & impact

Sharland, 2009

Shaw, 2003; Shaw & Norton, 2007

Lack of distinct disciplinary base

Sheldon, 2001; Smith, 2004; Briggs, 2005; Webb, 2006

Growth of ebp

Powell, 2002

Pawson et al, 2003; Sharland & Taylor, 2006Shaw & Norton, 2007,

voice centred relational method
Voice Centred Relational Method
  • Method associated with feminism
  • Relies on listening
  • Recognises centrality of relationships
  • Social constructivist epistemological position
  • Recognises that human experience bound up in larger relational dynamics.
  • Voice of narrators heard above researcher…
  • …But recognises researcher’s story
voice centred relational method8
Voice Centred Relational Method

Key Proponents

Gilligan, 1982

Brown and Gilligan, 1992

Mauthner & Doucet, 1998

Gilligan et al, 2003

voice centred relational method9
Voice Centred Relational Method

Reading 1

Reading 2

Key Proponents

Gilligan, 1982

Brown and Gilligan, 1992

Mauthner & Doucet, 1998

Gilligan et al, 2003

Reading 3

Reading 4

voice centred relational method10
Voice Centred Relational Method

Reading 1

Reading 2

Key Proponents

Gilligan, 1982

Brown and Gilligan, 1992

Mauthner & Doucet, 1998

Gilligan et al, 2003

Reading 3

Reading 4

voice centred relational method11
Voice Centred Relational Method

Reading 1

Key Proponents

Gilligan, 1982

Brown and Gilligan, 1992

Mauthner & Doucet, 1998

Gilligan et al, 2003

voice centred relational method12
Voice Centred Relational Method

Reading 1

Key Proponents

Gilligan, 1982

Brown and Gilligan, 1992

Mauthner & Doucet, 1998

Gilligan et al, 2003

voice centred relational method13
Voice Centred Relational Method

Reading 1

Identify the story or plot

Metaphors

and

Imagery

Protagonists

Our own responses to the text; Emotional

Intellectual and Academic

Contradictions and subplots

voice centred relational method14
Voice Centred Relational Method

Reading 2

IIIII s

I

Feels

Speaks

Thinks

voice centred relational method15

Reading 2

Voice Centred Relational Method

I-Poem

IIIII s

I

Feels

I was deputy director

I became the manager of the student unit

I almost had 3 or 4 students on the go at

I was responsible

I failed 2

I think that it was to do with the fact that it was a Masters Programme

I

Speaks

Thinks

voice centred relational method16
Voice Centred Relational Method

You Stink!

Relationships

Who is being spoken about?

How are others spoken about?

Reading 3

voice centred relational method17
Voice Centred Relational Method

Environment

Social Contexts & Constructs

Reading 4

the stories forms basis of my findings chapter

THE ANGRY STORY

The Stories – forms basis of my findings chapter

The Idealised Learner Story

The What is My Role/Assessment Story

The Guilty Story

The Internalising Failure so I Couldn’t Always Failure them Story

The Lack of Reflection Story

The Dramatic Event Story

the stories forms basis of my findings chapter20

THE ANGRY STORY

The Stories – forms basis of my findings chapter

“I was really pissed off with him….I felt angry”.

(Claire)

“I was just very angry at times….I was angry with the student.” (Jenny)

“…and I did actually think the next time you shout at me, I might actually shout back at you because who the fuck do you think you are…” (Daisy)

voice centred relational method21
Voice Centred Relational Method
  • Advantages
  • Allows full immersion in the data
  • Flexible & Adaptable
  • Can be used with a range of theoretical perspectives
  • Allows voice of participants to be heard
  • Promotes a highly reflexive stance
  • Promotes an inductive approach

Disadvantages

  • Very time consuming
  • Danger of method not reducing data enough
  • Lack of clarity about how to bring the 4 readings together
  • I struggled at times, to differentiate between the readings
  • Too ambitious?
slide22

Innovation?

  • The focus on listening?
  • The nuanced readings?
  • The relational aspects?
  • The focus on reflexivity?
  • The focus on emotions?
slide23

Imitation?

  • Nothing more than a narrative approach?
  • Claims made for method over stated?
a method for innovative qualitative social work research
A Method for Innovative Qualitative Social Work Research?
  • Has resonance with social work values
  • Participatory
  • Reflexive
  • Creative
  • Rigorous
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Method has potential to be useful for interesting and creative research in a number of professional contexts
  • Good for exploring emotion and relationships
  • Claims for innovation are rather over stated
  • Time consuming nature of approach may put researchers off
  • Still left with question,. Is method one narrative approach amongst others?
conclusion26
Conclusion
  • Method has potential to be useful for interesting and creative research in a number of professional contexts
  • Good for exploring emotion and relationships
  • Claims for innovation are rather over stated
  • Time consuming nature of approach may put researchers off
  • Still left with question,. Is method one narrative approach amongst others?
bibliography
Bibliography
  • Butler, I. (2002) A Code of Ethics for Social Work and Social Care Research, British Journal of Social Work, 32, pp239-248
  • Butler, I and Pugh, R. (2004) The politics of social work research, in R. Lovelock, K. Lyons and J. Powell (Eds.) Reflecting on Social Work, Avebury, Aldershot,
  • Brown, L.M & Gilligan, C. (1992) Meeting at the Crossroads: Women’s Psychology and Girls Development, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Publishing
  • Gilligan, C. (1982) In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development, Cambridge, Harvard University Press
  • Gilligan, C., Spencer, R., Weinberg, M.K & Bertsch, T. (2003) On The Listening Guide: A Voice-Centred Relational method IN Camic, P., Rhodes, J.E. & Yardley, L. (Eds) Qualitative Research in Psychology: Expanding Perspectives in Methodology and Design, Washington D.C, American Psychological Society.
  • Mauthner, N. & Doucet, A. (1998) Reflections on a Voice Centred Relational Method in Ribbens, J. & Edwards, R. (Eds) Feminist Dilemmas in Qualitative Research, London, Sage
slide28

Oancea, A. & Furlong. |. (2004) Developing Quality Criteria for the

Assessment of Applied and Practice-Based Research, ESRC

  • Pawson, R., Barnes, C., Boaz, A., Grayson, L. and Long, A. (2003) Types and Quality of Social Care Knowledge. Stage One: A Classification of Types of Social Care Knowledge. ESRC UK Centre for Evidence Based Policy and Practice, Working Paper 17
  • Powell, J. (2002) The Changing Conditions of Social Work Research, British Journal of Social Work, 32, pp17-33
  • Sharland, E. and Taylor, I. (2006) Social care research: a suitable case for systematic review?'. Evidence and Policy, 2(4), pp.503-523
  • Sharland, E. (2009) Summary Report to the Economic and Social Research Council, Training and Development Board, ESRC
  • Shaw, I.F. (2003) Cutting Edge Issues in Social Work Research, British Journal of Social Work, 33, pp107-116
  • Shaw, I.F and Norton, M. (2008) Kinds and quality of Social Work Research, British Journal of Social Work, 38 (5) pp:953 - 970