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Geography of Georgia. Graphic Organizer Notes. Key terms. Geography Absolute location Relative location. What is geography?. Science of studying the earth and its people

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geography of georgia

Geography of Georgia

Graphic Organizer Notes

key terms
Key terms
  • Geography
  • Absolute location
  • Relative location
what is geography
What is geography?
  • Science of studying the earth and its people
  • Geography helps us understand why Georgia’s native peoples and later settlers chose certain parts of the state as their home
spatial geography
Spatial Geography

How do we organize the land?

  • 159 counties
  • 5 bordering states
    • What are they??? (label your map)
places regions
Places & Regions

People create regions to understand the earth’s complexities

  • GA has 5 physiographic regions
  • 18 islands
  • 58,910 square miles of land
  • 854 square inland water miles
physical systems of ga
Physical systems of GA

Physical processes that shape the earth’s surface

  • Coastal islands (SE GA)
  • Appalachian Mountains (N GA)
  • Fall Line: line that separates east & west GA
human systems
Human systems

Where Georgians migrated and settled

  • Atlanta – capital
  • Twiggs County – geographic center
  • Port of Savannah – first major settlement
  • Brasstown Bald – highest geographic point
environment society
Environment & Society

Actions of humans that modified the environment

  • Suburban sprawl (Metro Atlanta)
  • Interstates & highways
  • Urban population centers
  • Rural farmlands & agricultural regions
how do we use geography
How do we use Geography?
  • Interpret GA’s past, understand its present, plan for the future
  • GA’s location relative to other states affects its growth & development
absolute location
Absolute Location
  • A places precise location on the earth’s surface
    • Latitude
    • Longitude
      • GA: 30 – 35 N latitude, 80 – 85 W longitude
relative location
Relative Location
  • Where is GA located compared with other places
    • North America
    • Southeastern United States
    • Atlantic Coast
ga s physiographic regions
GA’s Physiographic Regions
  • How would you describe the Geographic Regions of Georgia?
key terms places
Fall line




Barrier Island

Continental Shelf

Appalachian Plateau

Ridge & Valley

Blue Ridge

Piedmont Plateau

Coastal Plain

Okefenokee Swamp

Key terms & places
appalachian plateau region
Appalachian Plateau Region
  • GA’s smallest physiographic region
  • Climate: Cooler because of the mountains
  • Economy: tourism, forestry
  • Location: NW corner of GA
  • Soil: Limestone, shale, & sandstone
  • Features: Limestone caves, deep canyons, & rock formations

Lookout Mountain, Sand Mountain, Chickamauga

ridge valley region
Ridge & Valley Region
  • Climate: warmer than mountains
  • Economy: Farming (apples & cattle) & carpet industry
  • Location: between the Blue Ridge Mountains & Appalachian Plateau
  • Soil: Limestone & clay in valleys, Sandstone & shale on ridges
  • Features: Dalton (Carpet capital of the world)
blue ridge region
Blue Ridge Region
  • Climate: Mountains provide much of the state’s precipitation (cooler)
  • Economy: tourism, forestry, vegetable farming, apple farming
  • Location: Northeastern part of state
  • Soils: sandy loam & clay
  • Features: GA’s highest & largest group of mountains, Brasstown Bald (highest point), Helen, GA & Amicalola falls
piedmont plateau
Piedmont Plateau
  • Climate: mild winters; hot, humid summers
  • Economy: industry, tourism, & some farming
  • Location: from the mountain foothills and goes to central part of state (fall line)
  • Soil: Red clay & granite base
  • Features: Chattahoochee, Flint, Oconee, & Ocmulgee rivers

Atlanta, Athens, Stone Mountain, Kennesaw MTN

coastal plain region
Coastal Plain Region
  • Climate: mild winters; hot, humid summers
  • Economy: Farming (peanut, soybean, corn, & pecans)
  • Location: from Piedmont (fall line) to coast of GA
  • Soil: Varies from Limestone to clay
  • Features: Barrier islands, wetlands, Okefenokee Swamp, Savannah, Continental Shelf, Naval Stores & pulp production
okefenokee swamp
Okefenokee Swamp
  • 681 square miles
  • Located south of Waycross
  • Largest swamp in North America
  • Freshwater wetland
  • Water lies close to the surface
barrier islands
Barrier Islands
  • Spanish Explorers called them “islands of gold”
  • Protect beaches by blocking sand, winds, & water that could erode coastline
  • 2/3’s remain wilderness areas
  • Recreation & seafood gathering as well as tourism
shelves lines
Shelves & Lines
  • Continental Shelf: part of coastal plain that extends into ocean
  • Fall Line: natural boundary that separates the Coastal Plain from the Piedmont Plateau
    • Hilly or mountainous lands meet coastal plain
    • Many water falls here because of the change in land structure
      • Fall Line water falls provide power source for many GA communities
georgia s climate
Georgia’s Climate

What do I need to know?

  • Difference between weather & climate
  • Effect of weather conditions on state
  • Different types of weather phenomena
ga s temperature
GA’s temperature
  • Mild climate, subtropical feel on coast
  • Hot, humid summers & mild winters
  • Four distinct seasons
  • Vertical climate: cooler climate at higher elevations (mountains)
  • July is hottest month, January coldest
ga s precipitation
GA’s Precipitation
  • Normal year: 40 – 52 inches of precipitation in central & southern regions, 65 – 76 inches in northern regions
  • July is wettest month, October is driest
  • 2007 precipitation – so far
winds currents
Winds & Currents
  • Air masses from Gulf of Mexico & Atlantic control warm summer months
  • Air masses from Canada & Alaska control winter weather
  • Ocean currents, trade winds, & prevailing westerlies aided travel for early explorers
storms over ga
Storms over GA
  • GA averages 21 tornados per year resulting in one to three deaths
  • Most tornados in GA generally occur from March to May
2007 drought
2007 Drought
  • Attach activity here from other PPT