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Unit 1: Geography of Georgia. SS8G1: The student will describe Georgia with regard to physical features and location. Vocabulary Terms to Know SS8G1a. Region: An area with common characteristics such as soil, vegetation, climate, landforms, recreation and economic opportunities.

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Unit 1: Geography of Georgia

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unit 1 geography of georgia

Unit 1: Geography of Georgia

SS8G1: The student will describe Georgia with regard to physical features and location.

vocabulary terms to know ss8g1a
Vocabulary Terms to KnowSS8G1a
  • Region: An area with common characteristics such as soil, vegetation, climate, landforms, recreation and economic opportunities.
  • Nation: A territory or country.
  • Continent: One of seven large land masses on Earth.
  • Hemisphere: A half of a sphere or the Earth.
location ss8g1a
Location SS8G1a
  • Located on the continent of North America
  • Located in the southeastern region of the USA
  • Georgia is bordered by five states on the:
  • Florida
  • South Carolina
  • Alabama
  • Tennessee
  • North Carolina
absolute relative location
Absolute & Relative Location
  • Absolute Location: Georgiais between 30 ° 31‘ and 35 ° north latitude; between 81° and 85 ° 53' west longitude.
  • Relative Location: Georgia is surrounded by Tennessee, Alabama, Florida, South Carolina, & North Carolina (5 border states…Review).
  • Georgia is positioned in both the northern and westernhemispheres.
  • Georgia has 159 counties
  • Georgia is ranked 24th in size among the 50 U.S. states.
  • Largest state east of the Mississippi River.
  • Highest mountain point in Georgia is Brasstown Bald (4,784 feet), which is located in Twiggs County
  • Atlanta is the capital city.
where in the world is georgia let s review
Where in the World is Georgia?Let’s Review

Absolute Location:

Relative location: Georgia is bordered by ---states. It is located north of ----, south of -----, etc.

Georgia is also bordered by the ----- Ocean

Region of the USA:



homework for august 16 2012 frayer models
Homework for August 16, 2012Frayer Models
  • Define the following vocabulary terms
  • using the Frayer Model template:
  • 1. Absolute Location
  • 2. Continent
  • 3. Hemisphere
  • 4. Nation
  • 5. Region
  • 6. Relative Location
5 geographic regions
5 Geographic Regions
  • Each of these regions has soil, physical features, and climate that help determine what kinds of animals and plants can live and thrive in it.
5 geographic regions1
5 Geographic Regions
  • Appalachian Plateau Region: The mountainous region found in the northwestern corner of Georgia.
  • Its most prominent features are Lookout and Cloudland Canyon.
5 geographic regions2
5 Geographic Regions
  • Ridge and Valley Region: It occupies most of the northwestern part of Georgia.
  • Forms a series of parallel valleys separated by ridges in the northwest corner of the state.
  • The valleys contain fertile land for farming.
5 geographic regions3
5 Geographic Regions
  • Blue Ridge Region: It is located in the northeastern part of Georgia.
  • It consists of mountains, ridges, and basins.
  • Brasstown Bald, Georgia’s tallest mountain, is located in this region.
5 geographic regions4
5 Geographic Regions
  • Piedmont Region: It contains a series of rolling hills and occasional isolated mountains (Stone Mountain and Pine Mountain).
  • Rivers and ravines are found throughout this region.
  • Red clay soil is found in this region.
  • ½ of Georgia’s population lives in the Piedmont Region.
  • We live in this region.
fall line
Fall Line
  • Also known as the Fall Zone
  • It stretches across the state from Augusta to Columbus.
  • It is the natural boundary that separates the Piedmont and Coastal Plain Regions.
  • Land elevation drops and the water flows at an increase rate.
  • Georgia’s waterfalls are located along the fall line.
5 geographic regions5
5 Geographic Regions
  • The Georgia coast is associated with the Coastal Plain Region, a low, flat region of well-drained, gently rolling hills and poorly drained flat woods.
  • The Atlantic Ocean forms the eastern border of the Coastal Plain.
  • The southern border of this province is formed by the Gulf of Mexico, in the state of Florida.
  • This region is divided into the inner and outer Coastal Plains.
  • The Coastal Plain is the largest region in Georgia.
5 geographic regions ss8g1b1
5 Geographic Regions SS8G1b

Add to your map:


Atlantic Ocean

Brasstown Bald Mountains

Chattahoochee River

Okefenokee Swamp

Label where Alabama, Tennessee, Florida, North Carolina, and South Carolina are located on your map

physical features ss8g1c
Physical Features SS8G1c
  • Fall Line is located between the Piedmont Region and Coastal Plain Region.
  • Itis the point at which hilly or mountainous lands meet the coast plain.
  • This is where Georgia’s waterfalls and rapids are found.
physical features
Physical Features
  • Okefenokee Swamp is a wetland haven for hundreds of plants, animals, and reptiles.
  • This swamp is located in the outer Coastal Plain Region.
physical features1
Physical Features
  • Georgia two major seaports are: Savannah & Brunswick, GA.
  • Georgia’s rivers are important to the state.
  • Provides habitat for thousands of plant and animal species
  • Transportation routes for ships carrying goods
  • Provide drinking water for many areas
  • Generate hydroelectric power at many dams and cool the reactors at facilities that provide nuclear power in the state
  • Source of recreation for people who like to canoe, kayak, and swim
physical features2
Physical Features
  • 11 Major state rivers are:
  • Etowah River
  • Coosa River
  • Chattahoochee River
  • Oostanaula River
  • Flint River
  • Chattooga River
  • Savannah River
  • Ogeechee River
  • Oconee River
  • Ocmulgee River
  • Altamaha Rivers
physical features3
Physical Features
  • Along Georgia’s eastern coastline are the Barrier Islands.
  • They are all located in Glynn County.
  • These islands protect Georgia’s beaches on the eastern coastline by blocking wind, sand, and water from eroding the land.
  • These islands are wildlife sanctuaries, recreation, and tourist attractions.
  • Also, known as the “Golden Isles” these islands are named: Tybee, St. Simon, Jekyll, Cumberland, Sea Island, Wassaw, Ossabaw, St. Catherines, and Sapelo.
secret seashore georgia s barrier islands georgia public broadcast 2011
Secret Seashore: Georgia’s Barrier Islands (Georgia Public Broadcast, 2011)

Media Clip: http://bcove.me/kulrqy1k

georgia s climate ss8g1d
Georgia’s Climate SS8G1d
  • Climate refers to the average weather and patterns of weather of a region over a long period of time.
  • Climate of a region influences the types of homes built, the types of industries that develop, the clothing people wear, and what crops are grown.
  • Georgia’s climate is temperate/mild, which means it rarely has extremes of weather.
  • Georgia’s population continues to grow, with new businesses moving to the state.
  • People have migrated to Georgia from other regions of the USA, due to its temperate/mild climate.
  • Georgia’s rainfall allows for:
  • Agriculture in much of the state
  • The many rivers and streams provide drinking water
  • Transportation
  • Electric power
  • Georgia is subject to two extreme forms of weather: tornadoes and hurricanes.
  • On average, Georgia has about 20 tornadoes a year (March through May).
  • Tropical storms can turn into hurricanes if their wind speed increases.
  • Hurricanes that affect Georgia begin in the tropical area of Atlanta Ocean, Caribbean Sea or Gulf of Mexico.

Caldwell, L. A. (2010). Georgia: Its heritage and its promise. Atlanta, GA: Clairmont Press.

Klein, P. (2005). Georgia: In the American Experience. Atlanta, GA: McDougal Littell