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A Brief History of Jazz. Matthew Streit April 27, 2008. The Origins of Jazz in America. African slaves in the American South began using European musical instruments in the early 19 th century They incorporated their tribal musical traditions with European minstrel performances.

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a brief history of jazz

A Brief History of Jazz

Matthew Streit

April 27, 2008

the origins of jazz in america
The Origins of Jazz in America
  • African slaves in the American South began using European musical instruments in the early 19th century
  • They incorporated their tribal musical traditions with European minstrel performances
ragtime and dixie music
Ragtime and “Dixie” Music
  • Scott Joplin and others popularized Ragtime music in the late 19th century and early 20th century
  • Along with Ragtime, southern “Dixie” music created many of the foundations for what would later be called Jazz
swing and the big bands
Swing and the Big Bands
  • Jazz music became more popular in the 1920s and 1930s with the rise of Swing music and the big band orchestras
  • Many of Jazz’s pioneers (Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald) were making influential music at this time
bebop breaks the mold
Bebop breaks the mold
  • Jazz’s popularity continued to grow in the 1940s, but a counter jazz movement (called Bebop) influenced what was to come later in Jazz music
  • Musicians like Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie led the Bebop movement
miles davis and cool jazz
Miles Davis and Cool Jazz
  • Miles Davis broke from his early Bebop days and started a new Jazz movement (“Cool Jazz”) in the 1950s and 1960s
  • This period had the peak and the start of the decline of Jazz’s popularity (Rock ‘n Roll was rising at this time)
jazz moves to the fringe
Jazz moves to the fringe
  • From the 1970s to today, Jazz music has lost a lot of its popularity
  • Experimental artists like Ornette Coleman and the Free Jazz movement were not popular with mainstream listeners
  • Ken Burns’ documentary on Jazz brought back some of the interest in this genre