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Competitions Most sport is competitive. This is why people like to play it. Competition has to be organised. It may take the form of: Knockout Ladders Round robin League Competitions Some competitions use a mixture of the above, e.g. UEFA Champions League.

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Most sport is competitive.

This is why people like to play it.

Competition has to be organised. It may take the form of:



Round robin


  • Some competitions use a mixture of the above, e.g. UEFA Champions League.
  • It is up to the organisers to run the competition in the fairest way possible.
competitions knockout
Competitions- Knockout
  • Good when there is a large entry field.
  • Quick and easy to organise.
  • How many knockout competitions can you think of?
competitions knockout4
Competitions- Knockout
  • Events are played in rounds. Each entrant plays another and the winner goes through to the next round.
  • The number of entrants is halved each round.
  • This is the major disadvantage of ‘knockout’ competitions as losing competitors get to only play once.
  • The second best team could get knocked out in the first round!
  • Is this a disadvantage or does it make the competition more exciting?
competitions knockout5
Competitions- Knockout
  • To avoid better players or teams from getting ‘knocked out’ early, some competitions use seeding.
  • Top entrants are spread out so that they could only meet in the final… if they get that far.
  • Competition officials have to still decide on an accurate and fair way of seeding players.
competitions knockout6
Competitions- Knockout
  • Wimbledon tennis tournament uses seeding. Computers help officials dictate seeds.
  • Why would Wimbledon officials like to see the top 2 seeds only meet in the final?
competitions knockout7
Competitions- Knockout
  • Preliminary rounds where less skilled entrants play against each other to meet the top teams/players are often used.

e.g. The FA cup

Euro/World cup qualifiers

Tennis entry competitions

competitions knockout8
Competitions- Knockout
  • Most international competitions in any sport start with a qualifying stage and end in a knockout tournament.
  • Organisers would ideally like 2,4,8,16,32,64 or 128 entries. Why?
  • Sometimes preliminary rounds with byes (no game played) are held to get correct numbers.
  • The first round losers in some competitions get entered into a plate competition so that more games can be played.
competitions knockout9
Competitions- Knockout

Organise a knockout competition for the people in your class.

Are you going to seed, have prelim rounds or byes?

competitions ladders
Competitions- Ladders
  • Usually played in a more social setting.
  • Names are listed on a ‘ladder’. You play someone higher than you on the ladder and if you beat them you take their place.
  • Usually you can only play someone a certain number of places above you. This means the bottom player has to work their way up the ladder.
competitions ladders11
Competitions- Ladders
  • A disadvantage is that players may not want to join the club as they would start at the bottom of the ladder.
  • What activities would a ladder system work well for?
competitions round robin
Competitions- Round Robin
  • Everyone plays each other in a round robin.
  • Often used for pairs or individual events or in the final stages of team competitions.
  • Only works with small number of competitors or it would take too long.
competitions league
Competitions - League
  • A popular type of competition.
  • Considered hardest to win as competition takes place over a period of time.
  • Team games often have knockout and league competitions.
  • Every team plays each other at least once, often twice, home and away.
  • You usually get points for winning, drawing but none for a loss.
  • The league winner is the team with the most points!
competitions league14
Competitions - League
  • Several leagues may be in operation within a competition.
  • At the end of the season teams finishing at the top of the league get promoted and the ones at the bottom relegated.
  • There will be local and national leagues in most team sports.
  • In most cases it is possible to work your way up from a local league to a national one.
competitions league15
Competitions - League
  • Leagues usually run all season so the winner has been the most consistent over a period of time.
  • Most professional sport is league based because:
      • Fixtures can be arranged early and published.
      • Tickets can be sold in advance.
      • It is the most profitable system over time (finance).
      • A set number of games will be played.
  • List the advantages and disadvantages of the four mentioned types of competition.