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The Significance of a Constitution and Constitutionality in a Democratic Society. Unit 12. Preview : Constitution. Definition Objectives Functions Legal terms Exercises. Constitution. The basic document and the supreme legal act of a State

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the significance of a constitution and constitutionality in a democratic society

TheSignificanceof a ConstitutionandConstitutionalityinaDemocraticSociety

Unit 12

preview constitution
Preview: Constitution
  • Definition
  • Objectives
  • Functions
  • Legal terms
  • Exercises
constitution
Constitution
  • Thebasicdocumentandthesupreme legal actof a State
  • Greatest legal force; all regulationswithin a legal system must complywith it
  • The most importantstrategicpoliticalact: principlesofpolitical, economicand legal development
constitution1
Constitution
  • Aims for stability
  • Directsthe dynamics of a society’s development
  • Revisionandadjustments
functions that remain stable
Functionsthatremainstable:
  • promotionandprotectionof human rightsandfreedoms,
  • Building andstrenghteningofdemocraticconstitutionalinstitutions
objective
Objective
  • to realizetheconstitutionalprincipleoftheruleoflaw
functions
Functions
  • Establishesthebasis for relationsbetweencitizensandgovernment
  • Guarantees human rightsandfundamentalfreedoms
  • Prohibitscertainactionsofgovernmentalbodies (negative rights), andmandatesotheractions (social, culturalandotherrights)
functions1
Functions
  • “forms” (constitutes) a state andits legal systemand “checks” all those who wouldwish to subjugatetheinstitutionsofthe state to theirinterestsseparationofpowers, mutual checksbetweenholdersof power (‘checksandbalances’
functions2
Functions
  • Establishesthefundamentalprinciplesof a politicalcommunity as a democracyfounded on respect for human rightsandtheruleoflaw
functions3
Functions
  • Legitimizes a democratic state beforetheinternationalcommunityandtowardsitscitizens
  • Declaresfundamentalvaluesandobjectivesof a societyurbi et orbi
functions4
Functions
  • Expressesthewillandintent to respecttheachievementsofmodern legal civilization
  • Setstheframeofthedemocraticadjustmentofinterestsand for theirexpressionthroughlegislation
legal terms
Legal terms
  • Ruleoflaw
  • Thedoctrinethat all persons are equalbeforethelaw; governmentbased on the general acceptanceofthelaw
legal terms1
Legal terms
  • Negative rights
  • Therightswhichpermit or oblige to inaction
legal terms2
Legal terms
  • Separationofpowers
  • Thepowersofgovernment are dividedinthreedistinctbranches: legislative, executiveandjudicial
vocabulary practice form new words by adding suffixes and prefixes
Vocabularypractice: form new wordsbyaddingsuffixesandprefixes
  • Division
  • Divisional
  • Divisible
  • indivisible
form new words by adding suffixes and prefixes
form new wordsbyaddingsuffixesandprefixes
  • Develop
  • Development
  • Undeveloped
  • Underdeveloped
  • developmental
form new words by adding suffixes and prefixes1
form new wordsbyaddingsuffixesandprefixes
  • Fundamental
  • Fundamentalist
  • Fundamentalism
  • fundamentally
make a new word by combining it with a prefix or a suffix
Make a new word bycombining it with a prefix or a suffix
  • ____altered
  • Thefunctionshaveremained ____ for decades (havenotchanged)
  • ___national
  • Politicians must improve ____relations (betweennations)
  • ____ national
  • Theclearestexamplesof ___ businesscanbefoundinthe EU
make a new word by combining it with a prefix or a suffix1
Make a new word bycombining it with a prefix or a suffix
  • ___ constitutional
  • Thisprovision is clearly ____(notinconformitywiththeconstitution)
  • ___ legitimate
  • This is a clear exampleof ___ use ofpublicproperty (notallowedbylaw)
modal auxiliaries
Modal auxiliaries
  • “Allshallbeequalbeforethelaw”
  • Explainthe use of “shall”: whatdoes it express?
explain the meaning of shall may and might in the following sentences
Explainthemeaningofshall, mayandmightinthefollowingsentences:
  • “Court hearingsshallbeopen to thepublicandjudgmentsshallbepronouncedpublicly”
  • “Thepublicmaybebarredfrom a hearing or partof it for reasonsnecessaryin a democraticsociety”
c entral regulate rules state
central, regulate, rules, state
  • Theconstitutionestablishes ___ andpracticesthatdeterminethecompositionofthe ___andlocalgovernmentin a __and ___ therelationshipbetweentheindividualandthe state
a mended procedure written
amended, procedure, written
  • Most stateshave a ___constitution, one ofthefundamentalprovisionsofwhich is that it canitselfbe ___onlyinaccordancewith a special___.
c onstitutional rules s tatutes subsequent unwritten
constitutional, rules, statutes, subsequent, unwritten
  • Theconstitutionofthe UK is largely___. It consistspartlyof ___, for theamendmentofwhichby ___statutes no special procedure ___ (require, passive) but alsoofcommonlaw ___ and ___conventions.