the significance of a constitution and constitutionality in a democratic society
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The Significance of a Constitution and Constitutionality in a Democratic Society

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

The Significance of a Constitution and Constitutionality in a Democratic Society - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 142 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Significance of a Constitution and Constitutionality in a Democratic Society. Definition. Constitution is the body of fundamental doctrines and rules of a nation from which stem the duties and powers of the government and the duties and rights of the people. Constitution as a document.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Significance of a Constitution and Constitutionality in a Democratic Society' - avani


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
definition
Definition
  • Constitution is the body of fundamental doctrines and rules of a nation from which stem the duties and powers of the government and the duties and rights of the people
constitution as a document
Constitution as a document
  • A constitution is a basic document and the supreme legal act of a State
  • All regulations within a legal system must comply with it
  • Written and unwritten constitutions
unwritten constitution
Unwritten constitution
  • The British Constitution
  • Not contained in a single document, but a variety of sources
  • Relies on precedent and the body of laws passed over the years to act as a safeguard of the rights of the citizens and the legality of government
constitution as a political act
Constitution as a political act
  • A constitution is the most important strategic political act, establishing the principles of a political, economic and legal system’s development
functions of a constitution
Functions of a constitution
  • Promotion and protection of human rights and freedoms
  • The building and strengthening of democratic constitutional institutions, all serving to realize the constitutional principle of the rule of law
basic characteristics
Basic characteristics
  • As the supreme legal act, a constitution establishes the basis for relations between citizens and governmental bodies and all those who are vested with public authority
  • It prohibits certain actions of governmental bodies and mandates other actions (social, cultural and other rights)
slide8
A constitution constitutes a state and its legal system
  • Through the system of the organization of government and by applying the principle of the division of power, a constitution enables mutual checks between holders of power (separation of powers)
slide9
As a strategic political act of a state, a constitution established the fundamental principles of a political community as a democracy founded on respect for human rights and fundamenral freedoms and the rule of law
slide10
As an act that legitimizes a democratic state before the international community and towards its citizens, a constitution declares the fundamental values and objectives of a society’s development
adjustment
Adjustment
  • A constitution allows the means for revision and adjustment to the challenges brought on by development
  • Amendments
  • Constitutional revision
christmas constitution
“Christmas Constitution”
  • December 22, 1990
  • Basic democratic changes made after the first multiparty parliamentary election in the spring of 1990
  • A sovereign and democratic state that guarantees and ensures equality, fundamental freedoms and rights of all the citizens
constitutional revisions
Constitutional revisions
  • TheabolitionoftheHouseofCounties
  • Transformationofthesemi-presidentialintotheparliamentarysystem
  • Regulationofthevotingrightsofcitizens (dual citizenship)
chapters
Chapters

I The historical sources of the Constitution

II Basic provisions

III The protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms

IV The structure of the state power

V The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia

VI Local and regional self-government

VII International relations

VIII Changes of the Constitution

IX Concluding provisions

basic provisions
Basic provisions

Article 1

  • The Republic of Croatia is a unitary, indivisible, democratic and social state.
  • Power in the Republic of Croatia shall derive from the people and belong to the people as a community of free and equal citizens.
  • The people shall exercise this power through the elections of representatives and through direct decision-making.
sovereignty
Sovereignty

Article 2

  • Sovereignty of the Republic of Croatia is

inalienable, indivisible and untransferable

  • It encompasses land area, rivers, lakes, canals,internal maritime waters, territorial sea and the air space above these
parliament sabor
Parliament (Sabor)
  • The Parliament, or the people directly shall decide independently and in accordance with the Constitution and law on:
  • The regulation of economic, legal and political relations in the country
  • The preservation of the natural and cultural wealth and its utilization
  • Association in alliances with other states
highest values of the constitutional order
Highest values of the constitutional order

Article 3

  • Freedom, equal rights, national equality, love of peace, social justice, respect for human rights, inviolability of ownership, conservation of nature and the human environment, the rule of law and a democratic multiparty system
separation of powers
Separation of powers

Article 4

  • The legislative (Parliament)
  • The executive (the government)
  • The judicial branch (the court system)
laws and constitution
Laws and Constitution

Article 5

  • Laws shall conform with the Constitution, other rules and regulations with the Constitution and law
  • Everyone shall abide by the constitution and law and respect the legal order of the Republic
vocabulary exercise
Vocabulary exercise

Fill in the blanks from the list below:

exception, government, adopted, constitution, start, case, need,origins

  • If we investigate the _____________ of modern constitutions, we find that, practically without _______________, they were drawn up and ______________ because people wished to make a fresh ____________ so far as their system of ________________ was concerned. The circumstances in which the ________ for a new beginning come about vary from country to country, but in almost every _________ in modern times, countries have a ________________ because they wanted to begin again.
answer key
Answer key
  • If we investigate the ORIGINS of modern constitutions, we find that, practically without EXCEPTION, they were drawn up and ADOPTED because people wished to make a fresh START so far as their system of GOVERNMENT was concerned. The circumstances in which the NEED for a new beginning come about vary from country to country, but in almost every CASE in modern times, countries have a CONSTITUTION because they wanted to begin again.
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Fundamental freedoms and rights – temeljne slobode i prava
  • Unitary state – jedinstvena država
  • Inalienable sovereignty – neotuđivi suverenitet
  • Love of peace – mirotvorstvo
  • Inviolability of ownership – neotuđivost vlasništva
  • Conservation of nature – očuvanje prirode
ad