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Session 4 Building the Classical World: Hebrews, Persians, and Greeks. Peoples of the Mediterranean: traditions, cultural uniqueness, interaction and influences… Wars, conquests and new systems. T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e HSM 201 - Survey of Western Civilization I.

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t h e a m e r i c a n u n i v e r s i t y o f r o m e hsm 201 survey of western civilization i
Session 4 Building the Classical World: Hebrews, Persians, and Greeks.Peoples of the Mediterranean: traditions, cultural uniqueness, interaction and influences…Wars, conquests and new systems

T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m eHSM 201 - Survey of Western Civilization I

slide2
Q of chapter 2 for the students to discuss
  • In what ways did New Kingdom Egypt differ from the Old and Middle Kingdoms?
  • What were the principal features of the Late Bronze Age international system?
  • Why did Phoenician cities prosper during the Early Iron Age? This development would occur a bit later…900-800 BC
  • What were the foundations of Assyrian imperial power?
  • In what ways did the Persian empire differ from its Near East predecessors? How would you account for those differences?
  • What developments marked the Hebrew transition from polytheism to monotheism? Its political consequences. The importance of the Old testament, common grounds…
slide4
The New Empires…in rapid succession
  • A list of Mesopotamian empires and states…
  • > Summerians (Ubaid + Uruk) 6000-2500 BC
  • > Akkadians 2300-2000 BC
  • Indo-European invasions: the Bronze age innovations; Hittites in Anatolia, Mitannis in Syria, Kassites in Babylonian… Hyksos in Egypt..

> Ammorites and the Old Babylonian Kingdom

> Assyrian Kingdom 1300-880 BC

> Neo-Assyrian Empire 880-600 BC …Egypt

  • New Babylonian Empire… Nabucodonossor

> Persian Empire.

slide5
The International Bronze Age What is the character of international relations in the Ancient World?
  • 1900-1450Minoan C.

>1628 Eruption of Thera –Santorini

  • 1600-1200Mycenaean C. + Near East I.S. + New K Egypt
  • Basis of Greek Pol.Org / Gods
  • Collapse - The Sea Peoples
  • Mycenaean collapse with reverberations in the region
slide6
The birth of the Classical World The birth of our Western Civilization?

900-800Phoenician alphabet / Commercial shipping

800 Renewal (migrations) and growth of Greek populations

800 From Demos to Polis and birth of the City State

slide7
Q of chapter 3 on the birth of the Greek Classical World
  • What cultural changes marked the end of the dark Age of Greece?
  • How did the emergence of hoplite tactics affect Greek political norms?
  • How and why did the Athenian, Spartan, and Milesian poleis differ from each other?
  • How were the Greek armies able to defeat the much larger Persian forces?
  • To what extent was the culture of Athens in the Golden Age the product of Athenian Democracy?
  • How did the Peloponnesian War influence Greek philosophy?
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