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MACAM-MACAM BAHAN PAKAN KONSENTRAT. STAF PENGAJAR: Dr. Ir. Hartutik MP Dr. Ir. Osfar Sjofjan M.Sc M. Halim Natsir S.Pt MP. JURUSAN NUTRISI DAN MAKANAN TERNAK FAKULTAS PETERNAKAN UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA MALANG. PAKAN KONSENTRAT SUMBER ENERGI.

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slide1

MACAM-MACAM

BAHAN PAKAN KONSENTRAT

STAF PENGAJAR:

Dr. Ir. Hartutik MP

Dr. Ir. Osfar Sjofjan M.Sc

M. Halim Natsir S.Pt MP

JURUSAN NUTRISI DAN MAKANAN TERNAK

FAKULTAS PETERNAKAN

UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA MALANG

slide2

PAKAN KONSENTRAT

SUMBER ENERGI

A. Bijian serealia (Rumput-rumputan/Butir-butiran)

  • Jagung
  • Sorghum (S. Bicolor)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • Padi (Oryza sativa)
  • Barley
  • Oats
  • Rye
  • Millet
slide3

PAKAN KONSENTRAT

SUMBER ENERGI

B. Penggilingan biji-bijian (Dry or wet milling processed)

C. Pakan sumber karbohidrat berbentuk cair (High- carbohydrate liquid feeds)

  • Molases dan sejenisnya
  • By product susu cair (liquid milk by products)
slide4

PAKAN KONSENTRAT

SUMBER ENERGI

D. By product pakan kering (dry feed by products)

  • Beet pulp
  • Citrus pulp and meal
  • Dries bakery product
  • Cassava meal
  • Akar dan umbi akar (roots and tubers)
slide5

PAKAN KONSENTRAT

SUMBER ENERGI

E. Lemak dan Minyak

  • Animal fats
  • Poultry fats
  • Blended feed grade animal fat (campuran)
  • Blended animal and vegetable fat
  • Feed graded vegetable fat
slide6

BAHAN PAKAN KONSENTRAT

SUMBER PROTEIN

  • Sumber protein asal tanaman
    • Bungkil biji berminyak seperti
    • Kedelai
    • Kapas
    • Kacang
    • Bunga matahari
    • Lin seed
    • Safflower
    • Rape seed
    • Sesame
slide7
2. Sumber protein asal ternak
  • Tepung daging, tepung daging dan tulang
  • Tankage / kaldu
  • Tepung darah 6%BH
  • Tepung hati kering
  • Tepung kelenjar
  • Tepung bulu ayam
  • Hasil samping proses penetasan telur
  • Litter kandang broiler
  • Produk susu (susu kering, susu skim kering)
slide8
3. Sumber Protein asal laut
  • Tepung ikan hasil culling (80% PK)
  • Tepung hati dan kelenjar ikan
  • Silase ikan dengan pengasaman
  • Tepung udang dan kepiting (PK 40%)

4. Sumber protein kasar lain

  • SCP (Ganggang dab Ragi)
  • NPN
slide9

SUMBER PROTEIN KASAR

KOMERSIAL DI AS

1. Bungkil

  • Kedelai
  • Kapas
  • Lin seed
  • Kacang
  • Bunga matahari
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2. Sumber nabati lain
  • Gluten feed and meal
  • Brewer dried grain (brewers grain atau endapan kasar dari proses pembuatan bir)
  • Tepung alfalfa

3. Tepung hewan

  • Tankage and meat meal
  • Tepung ikan
  • Produk susu
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KOMPOSISI BAHAN PAKAN

A. JAGUNG

PK SK

Dedak jagung 11.3 5.0

Jagung giling 10.0 2.6

Husk : lapisan luar dari biji jagung

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B. PADI

PK SK

Dedak halus pabrik 13.8 11.6

Dedak halus kampung 9.9 19.8

Dedak halus kampung 7.6 27.8

Biji padi + kulit 9.7 10.3

Biji padi – kulit 9.4 1.4

Kulit biji 3.8 43.3

Hulls : sekam (kulit terluar biji)

Grain fines : partikel kecil yang tersarung dari proses pemecahan biji

Bran : pericardium biji

slide13
CHAFF

Sekam, bulu, buku dan bagian-bagian kecil dari jerami yang diperoleh pada saat pemrosesan biji misalnya pemukulan

CHAFF AND DUST

Sekam, buku, jerami, debu dari proses penggilingan (elevatory/sweepings), pasir dan kotoran biji. Bila abu >15% di tabel ditulis pasir & kotoran lain (Association of American Feed Control Officials)

slide14
C. SORGHUM BICOLOR

PK SK

Biji sorghum giling 11.2 2.8

D. WHEAT

PK SK

Gandum giling 13.6 3.5

Bran (dedak gandum) 15.0 15.7

Hasil samping tepung

gandum (pollard) 18.7 7.7

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E. MOLLASES

PK SK

Saccharum officinarum 5.4 10.0

F. BY PRODUCT SUSU CAIR

  • Susu < Fe dan Cu

Susu segar (SK=0%) PK SK

Skim milk (separated milk) 24 41.3

Segar (BK=9.6%) 37.5 1.6

Powder (BK=90%) 36.4 1.7

Butter milk segar 33.3 12.0

Whey (hasil samping keju) 10.8 0.4

slide17
H. LAIN-LAIN

BK PK SK

Citrus sinensis - - -

Sweet Orange - - -

Dried citrus pulp 91.8 6.9 13.1

Whole orange 12.8 7.8 9.4

Citrus seed meal - 8.1 11.4

Dried bakery product - 9-12

Carrot (wortel) 2.1-10 5-11 4-12