Environmental changes and migration in the sahel an exploratory note
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Environmental changes and migration in the Sahel: An exploratory note. Aderanti Adepoju Human Resources Development Centre, Lagos, Nigeria aaderantiadepoju@aol.com. Key issues to be addressed. environmental change and human mobility; implications of environmental change on human mobility;

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Environmental changes and migration in the sahel an exploratory note

Environmental changes and migration in the Sahel: An exploratory note

Aderanti Adepoju

Human Resources Development Centre,

Lagos, Nigeria

aaderantiadepoju@aol.com


Key issues to be addressed
Key issues to be addressed exploratory note

  • environmental change and human mobility;

  • implications of environmental change on human mobility;

  • environmental vulnerability, migration, peace and stability;

  • climate change, human security, conflicts;

  • climate change and forced migration;

  • managing environmental issues at local level.


Definitional typological issues
Definitional/typological issues exploratory note

Environmentally induced migration in context of:

  • internal-international migration continuum

  • voluntary-forced migration continuum

  • temporary cross-border workers, seasonal migrants, clandestine workers, refugees and professionals

  • cross-border movements of farm labourers, unskilled workers, female traders and nomads


Environmentally induced population displacements
Environmentally-induced population displacements exploratory note

Kinds of disasters

  • deforestation,

  • desertification,

  • land/natural resources degradation

  • climate change,

  • drought,

  • soil erosion,

  • floods,

  • natural disasters,

  • dam construction

  • conflicts,

  • water, air and ground pollution


Issues of multi cuasality
Issues of multi-cuasality exploratory note

  • poverty, poor living conditions, cultural, religious underlying factors

  • current knowledge not well founded.

  • research-based understanding limited.

  • placing environmental migrants in the voluntary-forced migration continuum unresolved.

  • unexplored agenda: most people impacted by environmental degradation do not migrate.


The west african sahel zone
The west African Sahel zone exploratory note

  • droughts and famine recurring environmental problem

  • imbalanced human and land-environmental systems

  • agriculture lifeline: delicate balance between production system and fragile environment.

  • ecological context: land confiscation for forest reserves

  • rapid population growth; diminished grazing land.

  • overgrazing, deforestation and poor land management.

  • inadequate rainfall and post-drought regeneration


Family coping strategies
Family coping strategies exploratory note

  • shift from cattle to drought resistant goats

  • employment diversification portfolio

  • selective sponsored migration

  • increasing circular migration

  • diversification of migration destinations

  • stronger lineage control, dual-residence

  • remittances to wider network of kin.


Actors
Actors exploratory note

  • Role of sectoral actors

  • NGOs

  • Local communities

  • National authorities

  • Development partners

  • United Nation Agencies

  • Researchers


Targeted sectoral activities
Targeted sectoral activities exploratory note

Basket of intervention measures:

  • Drought - promote irrigation; drought resistant varieties; soil/water conservation; reforestation

  • Desertification - reduce wood cutting; increase tree planting; promote solar cooking.

  • Land degradation: training on sustainable natural resource management, environmental education at village levels.

  • Deforestation: support local NGOs; reduce cost of alternative technologies

  • Conflicts: develop early warning system for conflict prevention; efficient settlement of differences, promote social harmony, democratic principles and popular participation.