Residential Construction Windows & Doors. * Source: (1) Carpentry & Building Construction / Feirer & Feirer (2) Sill to Sash: A Professionals Guide to Windows & Doors. Window Terminology. Windows are factory assembled as complete units, often with the exterior casing in place.
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Have a single hinged side that swings inward or outward
Outward-swinging sash does not get in the way of furniture and the wind tends to keep push outward-swinging sash against the weatherstripping making a tighter seal.
Hardware consists of a rotary opener, a hinge assembly, and a sash lock.Types of Windows
Consists of an upper and lower sash that slides up and down in channels in the side jambs.
Each sash has springs or balances to hold it in any position.
Some types allow the sash to be removed or pivoted for easy cleaning, painting or repair.
Hardware includes one or two metal sash locks.Types of Windows
Wood window frames and sashes should be made from a clear grade of all-heartwood stock.
Species commonly used are ponderosa pine, cedar, cypress, and spruce.
Some wooden windows are referred to a “wood-clad” meaning the exterior is covered or “clad” in another type of material such as vinyl or aluminum. Wood-clad windows never need to be painted.Wood
Windows with structural PVC (polyvinyl chloride) sashes and frames are easy to maintain.
The vinyl is colored all the way through and resists attack from insects. The hollow channels in these windows are insulated making them very energy efficieint.Vinyl, Fiberglass, & Composites