Some Secrets SHOULD be Shared…. SOS Signs of Suicide ® Prevention Programs for Middle & High Schools Candice Porter, MSW, LICSW Screening for Mental Health, INC. Screening for Mental Health, Inc.
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SOS Signs of Suicide®
Prevention Programs for Middle & High Schools
Candice Porter, MSW, LICSW
Screening for Mental Health, INC.
Source: Urban Institute estimates of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997
give up custody of their child to the state to secure services.
Source: NAMI, 2003
Weighted results mean that the overall response rate was at least 60%. The overall response rate is calculated by multiplying the school response rate times the student response rate. Weighted results are representative of all students in grades 9–12attending public schools in each jurisdiction. With weighted data, it is possible to say, for example, "X% of students in state Y never or rarely wore a seat belt when riding in a car driven by someone else." Unweighted data represent only the students who completed the survey.
Find the data for your city/state:
Situations that might contribute to a feeling of hopelessness include:
Sexual, physical or mental abuse
Drug or alcohol addiction
Mental illness, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression
The death of a loved one
School or work problems
Unemployment or being unemployed for a long time
Feeling like you don't belong anywhere
Any problem that seems hopeless.
Access To Weapons
Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA (http://smhp.psych.ucla.edu)
Acknowledge that you are seeing the signs of depression or suicide in a friend and that it is serious
Let your friend know you care about them and that you are concerned that he or she needs help you cannot provide
Tell a trusted adult that you are worried about your friend
School administration support for SOS program implementation
School clinical staff and other program implementers (nurses, teachers, etc.) are trained on program use.
Stakeholders provide program support i.e.
- Parents provide
active consent for
- Community mental
- Schools provide
for students to learn
about and discuss mental
Program provides Spanish and other language resources
Distribute consent forms to parents, provide screening forms and an opportunity to view educational video
Show educational video to students.
Conduct educator -facilitated discussion with students about issues surrounding depression and suicide
Discuss and model ACT and encourage students to seek help for themselves or their friends
Distribute and collect student self- administered screening forms
Clinical staff follow-up on screening results and make further assessment for students screened + for depression/suicide
Clinical staff contacts parents to make treatment referrals for their children.
Staff complete follow-up surveys
↑ Knowledge of school staff, parents and students about suicide and depression.
↑ Attitudes of staff, students and parents, towards the importance of actively helping teens dealing with suicide and depression
↑ Teen knowledge and attitudes around suicide and depression and how they are related
↑ Teen help seeking
↓ Suicide ideation
↓ Suicidal attempts
↑ Adolescent access to clinical mental health intervention and treatment services.
↑ Self-efficacy of students who either want to seek treatment or want to help a friend do so.
↓ Long-term suicidal behavior
↑ Self-efficacy of students and families who identify symptoms of suicide and depression and want to seek treatment in the future.
↓ Incidence of untreated depression in adolescent population
↑ Access to mental health services for students and families.Program Logic Model for SOS
Through staff and student training, schools provide a de-stigmatizing and safe environment for students to come forward and engage in help-seeking behavior around concerns about mental illness.
Parents are educated on depression, suicide and the use of the SOS program so that they may take the initiative at home to openly discuss this topic with their children.
Area mental health services, through program awareness and support, thoughtfully discuss service and treatment options and their use with students and family.
Dissemination of results helps ensure an adequate system of service delivery to future students benefiting from the SOS program in their area schools.
High School Program
Middle School Program
●Provide program school-wide or select target student group based on grade level, class enrollment, or special need
Screening Implementation Options
Staff Training Suggestions
Allowing these agencies into the building educates and familiarizes students with their services and how to access them.
SIGNS (SYMPTOMS) OF DEPRESSION
OTHER INDICATIONS OF DEPRESSION
□ I need to talk to someone …
□ I do not need to talk to someone …
ABOUT MYSELF OR A FRIEND.
HOMEROOM SECTION:_________________________ TEACHER:_____________________________________
IF YOU WISH TO SPEAK WITH SOMEONE, YOU WILL BE CONTACTED WITHIN 24 HOURS. IF YOU WISH TO SPEAK WITH SOMEONE SOONER, PLEASE APPROACH STAFF IMMEDIATELY.
-United Educators, “The Suicidal Student: Issues in Prevention, Treatment, and Institutional Liability” Roundtable Discussion, 2003
Constance Neary, Vice President for Risk Management, United Educators Insurance
Screening for Mental Health, Inc.
One Washington Street, Suite 304 Wellesley Hills, MA 02481
Phone: 781.239.0071 Fax: 781.431.7447
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National Adolescent Health Information Center. (2006). Fact sheet on suicide-Adolescents and young adults. San Francisco, CA: Author, University of California, San Francisco.
National Institute of Mental Health. (2009) Suicide in the U.S., statistics and prevention. Retrieved June 15, 2009, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/suicide-in-the-us-statistics-and-prevention/index.shtml
National Alliance of Mental Illness (NAMI). (2003). Depression in Children and Adolescents. Retrieved on June 16, 2009 from http://www.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=By_Illness&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=17623
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UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools. School community partnerships: a guide. Retrieved from http://smhp.psych.ucla.edu/pdfdocs/guides/schoolcomm.pdf
World Health Organization. (2000). Preventing suicide: A resource for teachers and other school staff. Geneva, Switzerland: Mental and Behavioral Disorders, Department of Mental Health.