Integrated Solid Waste Management Program Solid Waste Management Program Presented by: William Lane Assistant Superintendent (Safety I-66 Transfer Station) October 5Pre, 2016
DPWES Executive Leadership Team Solid Waste Management Mission The Fairfax County Solid Waste Management Program (SWMP) is dedicated to keeping Fairfax County clean by preventing pollution and other contamination associated with the improper disposal of refuse.
Solid Waste Management DPWES Strategic Goals Supported Promote our safety culture Invest in our quality workforce Achieve and maintain national accreditation Support economic success strategic plan Excel in environmental program performance Be a top performer in program delivery Enhance customer service
Integrated Solid Waste Management:What is it and why does it matter? Transfer Disposal Collection Hazardous Waste Construction Demolition Debris Recycling
Solid Waste Management in Fairfax county Operations and Facilities Overview 1 – July 23, 2012
Environmentally-Sound Refuse Disposal 20 tons of trash are transported and disposed of every 10 minutes (over 1,200,000 tons per year). Renewable Energy Production We generate enough power for 80,000 homes or about 90 MW of electricity. Emergency Response (Hurricanes, tornadoes, flooding) Fairfax County Solid Waste Management Refuse Collections Collection of 10 percent of household waste and recyclables Pollution Prevention and Community Engagement 100 community events per year Recycling We’ve recycled about 1 ton of material/ household /yearfor the last 24 years. (Currently recycle 47%, over 550,000 tons/year)
Special Initiatives • Recycling • Community Clean-up Efforts • Mulching Operation • Landfill Gas-to-Energy • Household Hazardous Waste Disposal Program • Outreach & Educational Efforts
Elements of Fairfax County’sIntegrated Solid Waste Management: E/RRF MRF Collection Transfer Disposal & Recycling Public-Private Partnership
Program Funding The Solid Waste Management Program operations are SELF-FUNDED with an operating budget of: • Collection Service Fees from Sanitary District customers • Refuse Disposal Fees • Sale of Recyclables • Ash Disposal Fees $75 Million • Sale of Landfill Gas-to- energy program
Chapter 109 regulations • Spill prevention and containment • Protect the storm drains • Spill kit and clean up/ MS-4 Permit • Contact the Fire Marshall on all spills • Facility rules apply to users Environmentally Friendly
Enforcement • Trucks, Permits • Notices of Violation Fairfax County Operations
Regulates the storage, collection, transportation and disposal of all solid waste. Establishes minimum recycling requirements for all residential, non-residential and multi-family residential properties. Establishes permit qualifications and minimum service standards for private solid waste and recycling collection services (e.g. collect at least once per week, provide collection for recyclables). Fairfax County’s Solid Waste Management Ordinance Outlines enforcement protocols for handling ordinance violations.
Trash & Recyclables Collection Approximately 25 solid waste collection service providers are licensed to operate in Fairfax County. Residents in Sanitary Districts receive weekly collection service from the county. Fairfax County Solid Waste Management Program
Managing Residential Solid Waste Solid Waste Management Program Types of Waste: MSW How it’s Managed: • Refuse in Fairfax County is incinerated. • 2,500-3,000 tons daily • Heat from combustion used to make steam, which turns a generator, which produces electricity. • The Covanta plant generates 80MW, enough to power about 75,000 homes. • Facility is heavily regulated, subject to continuous emissions monitoring, and required to report emission issues to the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality.
Sanitary Landfill CDD Landfill Who Goes Where…..??
TRASH COLLECTION SAFETY
When working out on the major roadways like we collect in Fairfax County CLASS 3 Vests are required to be worn while collecting • You have options as long as it’s rated class 3 – Vest, shirt or jacket. • Other PPE OSHA requires for collections, safety glasses, Steel/composite toe boots and safety gloves All SWMP employees are required to wear CLASS 3 Uniforms
Never place your vehicle on the left side of the roadway – You're liable if it’s struck • Never cross to collect on the opposite side of double yellow to avoid being struck by a motorist • Go up and turn around to collect opposite side Double Yellow
The Slow Down to Get Around law says drivers must reduce their speed to at least 10 miles per hour below the posted speed limit and pass at least two feet to the left of any stationary vehicle that is collecting trash or recycling. SDTGA HB-1649
Know your GOAL – Get Out And Look • Always use guide (crew member) to assist when available • Crew should agree on hand signals prior to backing • Immediately stop if you loose sight of your guide • Back at idle speed No Riders While Truck is Backing
Operators must NOTexceed 20 MPH when riders are on the back (forward motion only) • REMEMBER – NEVER ALLOW RIDERS WHILE BACKING • Operators are NOT allowed to travel more than 2/10th of a mile without stopping with riders on the back 20 MPH and 2/10ths of a Mile
I-66 Transfer Station Complex MSW Transfer Station Citizens’ Disposal Facility Recycling Drop-off Center Scrap Metal Recycling (appliances, chain-link fencing, bicycles, lawn chairs, grills and more) Yard Waste Recycling Mulch Distribution Center Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) and Used Oil/Antifreeze Disposal Site
Responsible for establishing rules and procedures which describe the restricted areas. • Overall security of site including fences, gates, lighting and signage. • Communication by using two way radios or cell phones. • Ensure all rules, procedures and instructions are followed. • Violations dealt with immediately. Management
Hours of Operation • Public Use • Visitor/vendor admittance procedures • Types of Waste accepted • Speed Limits • Vehicle Traffic Plan • Step-by-step procedures for receiving, weighing, accepting, unloading and loading waste. • Security (lighting) • Customers should always be monitored by personnel. • Site specific and operating plan and rules for customers using facility. Site and Customer Rules
Safety and Health Is an essential component of every employers operation. Employee orientation- must be made familiar with their work location. Job Qualification- must meet certain minimal requirements to safely perform their assigned duties. Hazard Recognition- must be familiar with the potential hazards of their workplace(regulatory compliance programs) Risk Reduction (Traffic control, safe lifting, emergency planning. Follow-up (repeated training.) Document all training and maintain.
Traffic Management Traffic at a transfer station site need not to be a hazardous experience, but it can be if all customers do not conform to specific traffic management rules of conduct and procedures. One of the most violated rules is that of the speed limit. As difficult as it seems, customers and drivers should be warned/ cautioned and reminded about the posted speed. Infractions need to be dealt with. Or in time the traffic management rules will be of no value. In the final analysis, workers, customers are attracted to and appreciate a safe environment.
Tipping floor • Staff must be trained on procedures. • Must be constantly alert to all moving traffic or equipment. • Must maintain and control traffic flow and provide a safe work environment for themselves in addition to ensuring safe ingress egress for all users. • Must make eye contact with each vehicle in motion. • Controlled from a stationary control/ building, location in front of the transfer station that has good visibility of the entire tipping floor. • Radio communication • Coordinate safe work zones for equipment, trucks and pedestrians. • Required PPE. The entire tipping floor should be considered a restricted work area. Potential hazards may include: Traffic, dust, foot injuries, cuts/abrasions, eye injuries, and fall hazards. Danger signs and minimum of 15 ft. or more should be used to maintain a safe distance from pits and heavy equipment while on the tipping floor. A flagman procedure should also be used to warn for potential traffic hazards. Procedures should include the following.
Fire Prevention • No waste materials left on the floor overnight. • Maximize the distance between trucks or trailers parked at the facility. • Inspections of materials being loaded for flammable or combustible liquids. • Smoking prohibition policy. • Procedures for moving hot loads. • Continually monitoring. • (911) In doubt! • Hot loads should not be allowed on the tipping floor. The potential for a fire at the transfer station is always present. All employees should be trained how to recognize and respond to fires in the workplace. Do not take any chances. Fire extinguishers should be inspected weekly and properly maintained and certified. The PASS method should be used when responding to small controlled fires. Fire prevention practices should include:
Department of Transportation • Must possess a valid CDL • Must also be further qualified by meeting all requirements of 49 CFR-Qualification of drivers • Inspections and maintenance must be recorded • Seat belt use. Mandatory! • Conduct all Pre operational, During operation and Post vehicle inspections. • Mechanical malfunctions affecting the safe operation must be repaired before equipment is used. • Must insure loads are properly loaded and secured. • Vehicles are inspected annually by qualified individuals or company. • Random inspection on procedures followed up on. • Training/ Road tested! (unique designed) • Continually monitored! • Lytx/DriveCam enabled fleet • Driver and Equipment Training program to help promote within Tractors and trailers are the most common form of equipment used in the transport of MSW. A program must be put in place to insure all regulation and procedures are in place. To a must lessor extent roll-offs and trucks are also used. They must conform to the standards of 49CFR.
I’m Driving! How would you respond in a emergency in extreme weather conditions, Fog, Rain, Snow etc.? Would you be protected in Traffic? Drivers Rested? Supervisors are responsible for implementing and enforcing the facility's PPE program. Exceptions to the PPE program should never be allowed for any employees-including managers, supervisors, drivers, office personnel and visitors. Violators should be dealt with according to the facility rules. Is a seat belt considered PPE?
Key metrics SWMP DC Safety Dashboard Reduction Frequency and severity of risky driving events Driver Improvement Programs