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Childhood Neglect. Characteristics of Neglect. An act of omission rather than commission Most forgotten area of study for child maltreatment Most frequently reported type of child maltreatment. Definition. Deficits in meeting a child’s needs

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Childhood Neglect


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Presentation Transcript
characteristics of neglect
Characteristics of Neglect
  • An act of omission rather than commission
  • Most forgotten area of study for child maltreatment
  • Most frequently reported type of child maltreatment
definition
Definition
  • Deficits in meeting a child’s needs
  • Parents’ or caretakers’ failure to provide basic physical health care, supervision, nutrition, personal hygiene, emotional nurturing, education or safe housing
issues associated with the definition
Issues associated with the Definition
  • How much of a role of should intentionality play?
  • How does one factor the issues of poverty
  • What are a child’s basic needs?
  • Context is important to consider; including cultural context
  • Frequency and Duration of Neglect is also important to consider
impact of child neglect
Impact of Child Neglect
  • For cases reported to Child Protective Services, researchers found that ¼ of the cases suffered immediate physical harm
  • Endangerment was added to the definition to denote that child had no current injury but the parental behavior placed the child at increased risk of future harm
  • Impact appears to be greater for chronically neglectful families as opposed to ‘newly neglectful’ families
types of child neglect
Types of Child Neglect
  • Physical Neglect (failing to provide the basic necessities of life-food, clothing and shelter); additional definitions have expanded to include lack of supervision, abandonment and refusing custody
  • Emotional Neglect (greatest disagreement and great overlap with psychological maltreatment) Failure to express affection and caring for a child
additional types
Additional Types
  • Health care neglect
  • Personal hygiene neglect
  • Nutritional neglect
  • Neglect of household safety/ sanitation
epidemiology
Epidemiology
  • Based on large scale self-report surveys
  • 27% of parents reported engaging in some form of child neglect at least once in the previous year
  • Most cases involved leaving a child alone when the parent thought an adult should be present
  • 11% were concern about child’s nutrition
  • 2% were concerned about their problem drinking and inability to care for child
at risk children
At Risk Children
  • Younger; 51% are less the 5 years of age
  • Few gender differences though boys may be more likely to be emotionally neglect than girls
  • Risk for children of color may be greater but this is confounded with socioeconomic status