Islamic Empire 600-1250 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Islamic Empire 600-1250

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  1. Islamic Empire 600-1250

  2. Map of Islamic Empire

  3. Geography: Why is it important? • Spread to 3 continents: Africa, Europe and Asia • Creation of Baghdad as major city 762

  4. The Battle of Tours(732) • Muslims stopped by Frankish Empire (decedents of Charlemagne

  5. Why was it nice to live in Islamic Empire? • allowed tolerance of other religions use education to convert • o included those conquered • Suleiman the Magnificent  Golden Age leader

  6. Social Classes in Islamic Empire • Social Classes: • 1) Muslims at birth • 2) Converted to Muslim • 3) Protected people, Jews, Christians, and others • 4) Slaves

  7. Crusades • Muslims took over Jerusalem in 637 ad • The outlaw of Christians in 1093 and Muslim expansion spark European Crusades

  8. Constantinople (Rome)  now its Istanbul (Turks) • Istanbul was Constantinople • Now it's Istanbul not Constantinople • Been a long time gone • Old Constantinople's still has Turkish delight • On a moonlight night • Evr'y gal in Constantinople • Is a Miss-stanbul, not Constantinople • So if you've date in Constantinople • She'll be waiting in Istanbul • Even old New York was once New Amsterdam • Why they changed it, I can't say • (People just liked it better that way) • Take me back to Constantinople • No, you can't go back to Constantinople • Now it's Istanbul, not Constantinople • Why did Constantinople get the works? • That's nobody's business but the Turks' http://www.dizzler.com/music/They_Might_Be_Giants/Istanbul

  9. The Islamic Empires The Rashidun Caliphate (632–661) The Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate • The Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258) - Successor of the Umayyad Caliphate • The Fatimid Caliphate (910–1171) • The Mamluk Caliphate (Bahri dynasty then preceded by Burji dynasty) (1250–1517) • The Ottoman Caliphate (1299–1923)

  10. Accomplishments of the Islamic Empire • Preservation: • Greek and Roman literature • Medical knowledge • First medical encyclopedia • Symptoms & cures • Quarantine • Hospitals

  11. What is so significant about this medical knowledge?

  12. Education • Building of Universities--> Foster Education • Building of Libraries

  13. Math: • Algebra • Arabic Numbers 1,2,3…..( no more roman numerals)

  14. Technology: • Astrolabe- instrument used for relation to stars, calculate time, events, positions(like a compass) Why is the astrolabe an important invention?

  15. Writing/art • Calligraphy and Geometric design

  16. SO Why does this all matter? What is the big picture? • Cultural diffusion --> through Crusades- leads Europe out of dark ages, increase Islamic wealth through trade • Islam empire preserved material otherwise would have been lost to the world. • Muslim way of assimilation allows others not to be threatened by religion and allows other to convert willingly • Technology leads to Age of Exploration • Way of thinking of science helps lead to Renaissance in Europe