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Knowing more about stress. Aparna Ashtaputre Asst. Prof. Dept.Psychology Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangab ad. WHAT IS STRESS?. Stress is your mind and body’s response or reaction to a real or imagined threat, event or change.

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knowing more about stress

Knowing more about stress.

AparnaAshtaputre

Asst. Prof.

Dept.Psychology

Dr. BabasahebAmbedkarMarathwada University, Aurangabad.

what is stress
WHAT IS STRESS?
  • Stress is your mind and body’s response or reaction to a real or imagined threat, event or change.
  • The threat, event or change are commonly called stressors. Stressors can be internal (thoughts, beliefs, attitudes or external (loss, tragedy, change).
eustress
EUSTRESS

Eustress or positive stress occurs when your level of stress is high enough to motivate you to move into action to get things accomplished.

distress
DISTRESS

Distress or negative stress occurs when your level of stress is either too high or too low and your body and/or mind begin to respond negatively to the stressors.

alarm stage
ALARM STAGE

As you begin to experience a stressful event or perceive something to be stressful psychological changes occur in your body. This experience or perception disrupts your body’s normal balance and immediately your body begins to respond to the stressor(s) as effectively as possible.

examples
EXAMPLES
  • Cardiac - increased heart rate
  • Respiratory - increased respiration
  • Skin - decreased temperature
  • Hormonal - increased stimulation of adrenal genes which produce an adrenal rush.
resistance stage
RESISTANCE STAGE

During this stage your body tries to cope or adapt to the stressors by beginning a process of repairing any damage the stressor has caused. Your friends, family or co-workers may notice changes in you before you do so it is important to examine their feedback to make sure you do not reach overload.

examples1
EXAMPLES
  • Behavior indicators include: lack of enthusiasm for family, school, work or life in general, withdrawal, change in eating habits, insomnia, hypersomnia, anger, fatigue.
  • Cognitive Indicators include: poor problem solving, confusion, nightmares, hyper-vigilance.
exhaustion stage
EXHAUSTION STAGE

During this stage the stressor is not being managed effectively and the body and mind are not able to repair the damage.

examples2
EXAMPLES

Digestive disorders, withdrawal, headaches, tension, insomnia, loss of temper.

some facts about stress
SOME FACTS about stress
  • 75-90% of adult visits to primary care physicians are for stress related problems.
  • The commonest problems world-wide are

mixture of anxiety and depression.

3. MAXIMUM absenteeism on an average workday is because of stress related problems

4. More heart attacks on Monday, 9:00 A.M. than at any other time of the week.

slide13

5. Life after death is all okay but what about life after birth?

6. The only time there is a total absence of stress is in death

7. Stress is essentially the rate of all the wear and tear caused by life

understanding managing stress
Understanding & Managing Stress

The BAD News :

Stress is an inescapable part of modern life

The GOOD News :

Stress isn't altogether bad news

understanding managing stress1
Understanding & Managing Stress

WHAT ARE STRESSORS?

Stressors are events that threaten or challenge people

understanding managing stress2
Understanding & Managing Stress

SOURCES OF STRESS

  • DAILY HASSLES
  • MAJOR LIFE EVENTS
top few daily hassles
TOP FEW DAILY HASSLES
  • INTERPERSONAL CONFLICTS
  • CONCERNS ABOUT WEIGHT
  • HEALTH OF A FAMILY MEMBER
  • RISING PRICES OF COMMON GOODS
  • HOME MAINTENANCE
  • TOO MANY THINGS TO DO
psychological effects
PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS
  • Depressed
  • Bored
  • Urge to cry
  • Urge to hide
  • Suspiciousness
  • Negative attitude/thoughts
  • Loneliness
  • Anxious
  • Nervous
  • Worry
  • Nightmares
  • Helplessness
  • Confusion
  • Irritable
  • Feelings of unreality
  • Urge to run
  • Unable to concentrate
  • Lethargy
  • Decision making- both major & minor- becomes difficult
  • Use of sleeping pills
  • Thoughts trail while speaking or writing
behavioural effects
BEHAVIOURAL EFFECTS
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Inappropriate crying
  • Aggressive
  • Overeating
  • Lack of initiative
  • Using people
  • Drug/Alcohol abuse
  • Cynical
  • Fault finding
  • Antisocial
  • Under eating
  • Lowered sex drive
physiological effects
PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
  • Hypertension
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Migraine, tension headache
  • Ulcers
  • Asthmatic conditions
  • Chronic backaches
  • Arthritis
  • Allergies
  • Skin disorders
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Vertigo
  • More frequent infections
  • Sexual dysfunctions
mental stress
MENTAL STRESS
  • Mental attitudes generally negative
  • Mental lethargy
  • Rarely develop new ideas
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Confusion
  • Rarely express your feelings through music, art, dance or writing
  • No intellectual relaxation
  • Make negative self-statements
  • Fail to keep abreast of current events
  • Mind is often in a whirl
  • Rarely introduce innovations into work
  • Frequently suffer from forgetfulness