Fabby Tumiwa Exec. Director Institute for Essential Services Reform PSI APRECON , Sydney, 17-21 October 2011. CIVIL SOCIETY ADVOCACY ON ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK. ADB at Glance. Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a multilateral development bank operating in Asia & Pacific region.
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Fabby Tumiwa Exec. Director Institute for Essential Services Reform PSI APRECON , Sydney, 17-21 October 2011 CIVIL SOCIETY ADVOCACY ONASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
ADB at Glance • Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a multilateral development bank operating in Asia & Pacific region. • HQ in Manila, Philippines, Country Representative Offices in most of Capital of ADB’s Developing Member Countries; total 2900 staff. • ADB provides financial assistance to its DMCs through loans, technical assistance (TA), guarantees and equity investment • 2 main operation offices: public sector investment and private sector investment Share-holder and Voting Power in ADB
ADB at Glance • ADB transformation in policy and operation • Long Term Strategic Framework – Strategy 2020. • Private sector development • Strengthening its “poverty alleviation” rhetoric • New financing modalities “retroactive financing, MFF, leveraging private finance, etc. • Function as financial institution and knowledge bank. • Developing Trade Finance Program. • Operational fund (2010): $ 17.5 bn – including $ 3.5 bn from co-financing partner. • Key Sector: Agricultural, Natural Resources, Energy, Road and ICT, Water and Sanitation, Municipal Infrastructure Services, Health and Social Protection, Finance, Industry and Trade.
CSO/NGO Perceptions towards ADB Non-Engagement Critical-engagement NGO FORUM ON ADB Constructive cooperation Non-Cooperation Abolishment of ADB Reforming ADB
Civil Society Concern on ADB • Access to information about the ADB’soperations; • Public participation in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of ADB projects • The social and environmental impacts of ADB programs and projects, and the Bank’s accountability for those impacts • The ADB’s private sector lending • The ADB’s role in regional and sub-regional economic cooperation/regional integration
Civil Society Advocacy • Civil Society concern on ADB has emerged since late 1980s • NGO Forum on ADB is an Asian-led NGOs/CSOs coalition to monitor ADB’s policies and projects development and implementation, and its operation in the region. • Started as NGO WG on ADB in 1988, re-organized as Forum in 1997, registered with new structure in 2001 in the Phippines, with secretariat in Manila. • More than 100 organizational members from countries in Asia and Europe, and USA.
Civil Society Advocacy • Reaching out affected-community • Connect and channeling problem projects at the community level to the policy/decision making in the government and ADB’s management and shareholders. • Focusing on: project’s direct and indirect impact (environment, public health, corruption, etc), participation of affected community in project cycles.
Scrutinizing ADB • Using ADB’s policies and mechanism in-place: • Accountability Mechanism • Provides an independent forum for people adversely affected by ADB assisted projects to voice complaints and seek resolution of problems • Public Communication Policy (PCP) • Ensuring transparency and access of information • Information disclosure to affected community early • Disclosure compliance: handling information request from outside, making information available timely, etc. • Safeguards Policy Statements on Environment, Indigenous People, and Involuntary Resettlement • Safeguarding environmental and social impact on ADB’s funded projects. • Independent Evaluation for Development Effectiveness • Carried out by semi-autonomous evaluation body.
Lesson Learn • Knowing your “enemy”. • Getting relevant and accurate information is a key. • Engage as early as possible. • Strong campaign profile is necessary to raise ADB’s attention. • Develop rational arguments based on hard-proof data. • Consistency and endurance for long-term campaign. • Looking for and building trust with internal allies. • Do not forget your own government.
Online Resources • Asia Development Bank: www.adb.org • NGO Forum on ADB: www.forum-adb.org • Bank Information Center (BIC):http://www.bicusa.org/en/Institution.2.aspx • PSIRU: www.psiru.org • International Rivers Network: http://www.internationalrivers.org/en/follow-money/asian-development-bank/
EITI – a global standard for transparency in the extractives sector to improve Good Governance Source: EITI factsheet • EITI involves the reconciliation of company payments with government receipts by an independent administrator and disclosure of that information to the public. • The objective of the EITI is to ensure that accurate figures about revenues are publicly available, toidentify anypotential discrepancies between payments & receipts and to investigate and address the underlying causes. • In 2009 ADB Energy Policy, the Bank stated that they endorsed EITI but little has been doing to do so.
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