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Accounts Receivable, Notes Receivable and Revenue

Accounts Receivable, Notes Receivable and Revenue. Controlling customers’ orders Credit approval Issuing merchandise Shipping Billing Adjustments to sales and receivables. Internal Control Over the Revenue Cycle. Customer purchase order Sales order

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Accounts Receivable, Notes Receivable and Revenue

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  1. Accounts Receivable, Notes Receivable and Revenue

  2. Controlling customers’ orders Credit approval Issuing merchandise Shipping Billing Adjustments to sales and receivables Internal Control Over the Revenue Cycle

  3. Customer purchase order Sales order Bill of lading Invoice Control listing Credit memo Revenue Cycle--Documents

  4. Segregation of duties--sales and collections Matching of sales invoices and shipping documents Clerical accuracy checks on invoices Credit approval for sales transactions Mailing of monthly statements Reconciliation of bank accounts Use of control listing of cash receipts Use of budgets and analysis of variances Control over shipping and billing documents Use of authorized credit memoranda Use of chart of accounts and review of account codings Revenue Cycle Controls

  5. Recording unearned revenue Early (late) recognition of revenue Recording revenues when significant uncertainties exist Recording revenues when significant services still must be performed Overestimation of the amount of revenue earned Potential Misstatements--Revenue

  6. Consider inherent risks of receivables and revenue, including fraud risks. Consider control risk for receivables and revenue. Substantiate the existence of receivables and the occurrence of revenue transactions Establish the completeness of receivables and revenue transactions Determine that the client has rights to the recorded receivables Establish the clerical accuracy of records and supporting schedules Determine that the valuation of receivables and revenue is at appropriate net realizable value Determine that the presentation and disclosure of receivables and revenue are adequate Objectives for the Audit of Receivables and Revenue

  7. Obtain aged listing of receivables and reconcile to ledgers Obtain analyses of notes and related interest Inspect notes on hand and confirm those held by others Confirm receivables with debtors Review the cutoff of revenue transactions Perform analytical procedures Review significant year-end sales contracts Verify interest earned Evaluate the propriety of accounting for revenue transactions Evaluate accounting estimates related to revenues Determine the adequacy of the allowance for uncollectible accounts Ascertain the existence of pledged receivables Investigate receivables from related parties Evaluate the business purpose of significant and unusual sales transactions Evaluate financial presentation and disclosure Substantive Tests of Receivables and Revenue

  8. Receivables should be confirmed, unless: Accounts receivable are immaterial, The use of confirmations would be ineffective, or The auditors’ combined assessment of inherent and control risk is low, and audit risk can be reduced to acceptably low level with substantive tests Confirmation of Receivables

  9. Develop Audit Objectives Choose Appropriate Confirmation Form Determine the timing and extent Identify the information to be confirmed Select the accounts for confirmation A Flowchart of the Confirmation Process A Prepare and Mail the Requests Send 2nd requests for positive confirmations Perform alternative procedures for non-respondents Resolve exceptions Document the procedures and results

  10. Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists Delivery has occurred or services have been rendered The seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable Collectibility is reasonably assured Source: SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 101. Criteria for Recognition of Revenue

  11. Sales with unusual right to return Side agreements Franchise fees Bill and hold transactions Sales using notes with unusual interest rates Percentage-of-completion method of revenue recognition Multiple element agreements Potential Revenue Recognition Problems

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