Bilateral Aid Review March 2011
Contents- Objectives of the review- The review process and methodology- Summary of key outcomes - Questions
The aim of the review • Identify a clear rationale for DFID country allocations and establish: countries in which we should retain and increase DFID presence, programmes and offices which we should close and graduation strategies when closing. • Establish which results we should prioritise in each country and how to factor in performance to aid allocations. • Establish levels of spending for each country for 2011/12-2014/15, including where to potentially scale up investment to achieve DFID’s objectives. • Set out clear strategic choices for the delivery mechanisms for bilateral aid. • Provide guidance on preparation of country Operational Plans.
The bilateral aid review process: Footprint: need, effectiveness, DoL Offers: Results, Market for Ideas, Theory of Change Peer Review / Scrutiny Panel: Innovation, Girls & Women, VFM Ministerial drill downs: build on analysis & aggregation, offers likely to be taken up Allocation Process: top down constraints; BAR/MAR and Pillar trade offs; Challenge funds Operational plan: translating concept notes into a credible, resourced operational promise
Our revised bilateral programme: Between now and 2016 UK bilateral programmes in the following countries will come to an end: Angola, Bosnia, Burundi, Cameroon, Cambodia, China, Gambia, Indonesia, Iraq, Kosovo, Lesotho, Moldova, Niger, Russia, Serbia and Vietnam.
Our revised bilateral programme: We will concentrate our resources and impact in 27 countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burma, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Nigeria, Occupied Palestinian Territories, Pakistan, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Results Offers in each strategic priority: • Wealth creation: helping people prosper for themselves • Poverty and Vulnerability: through tackling hunger, malnutrition and helping people break out of the cycle of poverty
Results Offers in each strategic priority • Education: harnessing the transformative power of education • Health: saving lives and preventing illness by focusing in areas like: maternal health, vaccinations, HIV, malaria, TB and polio
Results Offers in each strategic priority: • Providing access to clean water and sanitation • Helping to make countries safer, fairer and free from conflict, through work on security, governance and conflict prevention • Working with other UK government departments to combat climate change
Private sector provides 90% of jobs in most developing countries TradeAn increase in the share of trade in GDP from 20 to 40% over a decade raises real GDP per capita by 10% Macro-economic stability: Inflation rates above 11% depress growth. Political economy/governance: State legitimacy in Africa is worth up to 2.5% annual GDP growth. Savings and investment: investment rates of 25% of GDP or more are needed. Women’s economic participation. Wealth Creation
ACRONYMS ! IGC AFTI ICF ICF CUTS FIAS M-PESA M- KESHO CHALLENGES Climate Resource scarcity Population What changes do we need ? Sustainable Wealth Creation ?