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Lesson 4 Balance Sheets

Lesson 4 Balance Sheets

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Lesson 4 Balance Sheets

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  1. Lesson 4 Balance Sheets Li, Jialong 2011-2-26

  2. The Accounting Equation • The Basic Rule for all accounting is the Accounting Equation. Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity

  3. Example: Let’s see how a business can change and how these changes effect the business’s accounting equation.

  4. What happened to Sally’s Shoe business?

  5. The Balance Sheet • Definition: the Balance Sheet is a report which shows in a statement form the relationship between Assets, Liabilities and Owners Equity at a point in time. • The report further refines the information by classifying Assets and Liabilities into CURRENT AND NON-CURRENT types.

  6. The Basic format for a BALANCE SHEET

  7. Notes: An Income Statement or P&L has to be completed before a Balance Sheet can be completed as the NET PROFIT balances the two reports together. • Review the example of the following two financial reports below and note how the Net Profit links the two.

  8. Review Questions • Definition and format of a Balance Sheet • Definition of Current and Non-Current Assets and Liabilities • Format of a Balance Sheet and defining Net Assets.

  9. Exercises • Exercises 4.1 • Exercises 4.2

  10. Reading and Resources • Student Notes and Readings Lesson 4

  11. The End of Lesson 4