Attitude Formation. Lesson 20-1. Objectives. Trace the origin of attitudes Describe the function of attitudes. Attitude. Attitude-the predisposition to act, think, and feel in particular ways towards a class of people, objects or an idea. 3 elements A belief or opinion about something
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Attitude Formation Lesson 20-1
Objectives • Trace the origin of attitudes • Describe the function of attitudes
Attitude • Attitude-the predisposition to act, think, and feel in particular ways towards a class of people, objects or an idea. • 3 elements • A belief or opinion about something • Feelings about that thing • Tendency to act in certain ways
Where Attitudes Come From • Conditioning • Classical conditioning can help you form attitudes automatically • We acquire attitudes through operant conditioning • Praise, approval, or acceptance for expressing certain attitudes or punished for expressing others.
Where Attitudes Come From • Cognitive Evaluation • Can develop an attitude without even thinking about it because a friend thinks it’s a good idea • Use a heuristic- a mental shortcut • On other issues, we may disagree with a friend and choose to think about the issue
Where Attitudes Come From? • Culture • Influences our taste in food and many other issues • Parents • Parental influence wanes as children get older • Peers • People tend to adopt the likes and dislikes of groups whose approval and acceptance they seek.
Where Attitudes Come From • Exposure • The more frequently people encounter an object or idea, the more favorably they evaluate it.
Functions of Attitudes • Self-Defining Mechanism • Self-concept- how we see our describe ourselves • Cognitive Guideline and Guide for Action • Attitudes most strongly predict behavior when acquired through direct experience.
Activity • Generate a list of 10 statements about social issues, such as political affiliation, nuclear energy, mandatory retirement, equal pay, paternity leave • Have a 5 point scale where participants can agree or disagree • Complete questionnaire and then give to parents
Activity • Create identity boxes