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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم. The Islamic University of Gaza Faculty of Engineering Electrical Engineering Department. POWER ELECTRONICS . EELE 5450 — Summer 2012 . Instructor: Eng. Jalal Al Roumy. Lecture 15. Chapter six. DC Choppers and DC motor Control.

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power electronics

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

The Islamic University of Gaza

Faculty of Engineering

Electrical Engineering Department

POWER ELECTRONICS

EELE 5450— Summer 2012

Instructor: Eng. Jalal Al Roumy

Lecture 15

slide2

Chapter six

DC Choppers and DC motor Control

Various methods are available for obtaining a variable dc voltage from a constant dc source.

There is a demand for changing from one dc voltage to another.

Some of the more important practical applications include power converters or armature voltage control of dc motors, converting low or high battery source voltage to levels which best match practical load requirements, and controlling dc power for a wide variety of industrial processes.

slide3

Chapter six

DC Choppers and DC motor Control

The thyristor converter offers greater efficiently, faster response, lower maintenance, smaller size, and for many applications, lower cost than motor-generator sets or gas tube approaches.

In thyristor-type dc-to-dc converters, commutating circuits are required similar to those used in many inverters.

slide4

Chapter six

SCR Voltage Choppers

Control of a dc motor’s speed by an SCR voltage chopper is required where the supply is dc (as from a battery) or the ac voltage has already been rectified to a dc voltage.

slide5

Chapter six

SCR Voltage Choppers

  • Vout could be varied by the following methods:
  • Ton may be varied while T is held constant (PWM).
  • Ton may be kept constant while T is varied (freq. modulation).
  • Combined pulse-width and frequency modulation.
slide6

Chapter six

A Free-Wheeling Diode DC Motor Drive Using the Jones Chopper

This circuit is frequently referred to as a chopper circuit.

slide7

Chapter six

A Free-Wheeling Diode DC Motor Drive Using the Jones Chopper

End of Lecture