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Chapter 4 Section 4 Egyptian Achievements. Hieroglyphics. What are hieroglyphics? It is an ancient Egyptian system of writing. Egyptian hieroglyphics were one of the world’s first writing systems.

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Chapter 4 section 4 egyptian achievements
Chapter 4 Section 4Egyptian Achievements


  • What are hieroglyphics?

  • It is an ancient Egyptian system of writing.

  • Egyptian hieroglyphics were one of the world’s first writing systems.

  • The earliest known examples of Egyptian writing are from around 3300 BC and were carved in stone.

Write your name
Write Your Name!!!

  • The hieroglyphics used more than 600 symbols. Each symbol represented one or more sounds in the Egyptian language.

  • They could be written either horizontally or vertically.

Writing in egypt
Writing in Egypt

  • What is papyrus?

  • Papyrus is a long-lasting, paper-like material made from reeds.

  • Egyptians made papyrus by pressing layers of reeds together and pounding them into sheets.

  • They could be easily rolled into scrolls. Scribes wrote on papyrus using brushes and ink.

What is the rosetta stone
What is the Rosetta Stone? Egypt

  • It is a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Egyptian Demotic, and classical Greek languages.

  • In 1799 a French soldier discovered this stone.

  • The stone unlocks the key to the mysterious Egyptian hieroglyphics.

Egyptian texts
Egyptian Texts Egypt


of the


  • Because papyrus did not decay in Egypt’s dry climate, many Egyptian texts still survive. Historians can read about ancient medicine, science, government records and literary works. The Book Of The Dead is an example that tells about the afterlife.

Egypt s great temples
Egypt’s Great Temples Egypt

  • Egyptians believed that temples were homes of the gods. People visited the temples to worship, offer gifts to the gods and ask for favors.

Temple of Karnak

as it looked in

Ancient Egypt

Temple of karnak at luxor as it looks today
Temple of Karnak at Luxor Egyptas it looks today

The temple of ramses the great at abu simbel near aswan
The Temple of Ramses the Great Egyptat Abu Simbel near Aswan

This temple

was moved to its

present location

make way for

the Aswan Dam

The sphinx
The Sphinx Egypt

  • What is a sphinx?

  • A sphinx is an imaginary creature with the body of a lion and the head of other animals or humans.

Obelisk Egypt

  • What is an obelisk?

  • It is a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top.

  • Where this famous obelisk is located and what is it called?

Egyptian art

Paintings Egypt

Egyptian Art





King tutankhamen
King Tutankhamen Egypt

  • In 1922 Howard Carter discovered an undisturbed tomb in the Valley of the Kings, an area where many pharaohs and their family members were buried.

  • His tomb was filled with unimaginable treasures.

  • His tomb has taught us much about Egyptian burial practices and beliefs.

Howard carter
Howard Carter Egypt

A dashing

fellow, I

might add!!!

King tut s tomb in the valley of the kings
King Tut’s tomb in the EgyptValley of the Kings

Inside king tut s tomb
Inside King Tut’s Tomb Egypt



King Tut and

his wife

Treasures inside the tomb ready for the afterlife
Treasures inside the tomb… Egyptready for the afterlife.

King tut s chariot and other personal items
King Tut’s chariot and Egyptother personal items

What killed king tut infection set in after a bone was badly broken
What killed King Tut? EgyptInfection set in after a bone was badly broken.

Summary Egypt

  • Ancient Egyptians developed one of the best-known cultures of the ancient world.