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Chapter 4 Section 4 Egyptian Achievements. Hieroglyphics. What are hieroglyphics? It is an ancient Egyptian system of writing. Egyptian hieroglyphics were one of the world’s first writing systems.

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hieroglyphics
Hieroglyphics
  • What are hieroglyphics?
  • It is an ancient Egyptian system of writing.
  • Egyptian hieroglyphics were one of the world’s first writing systems.
  • The earliest known examples of Egyptian writing are from around 3300 BC and were carved in stone.
write your name
Write Your Name!!!
  • The hieroglyphics used more than 600 symbols. Each symbol represented one or more sounds in the Egyptian language.
  • They could be written either horizontally or vertically.
writing in egypt
Writing in Egypt
  • What is papyrus?
  • Papyrus is a long-lasting, paper-like material made from reeds.
  • Egyptians made papyrus by pressing layers of reeds together and pounding them into sheets.
  • They could be easily rolled into scrolls. Scribes wrote on papyrus using brushes and ink.
what is the rosetta stone
What is the Rosetta Stone?
  • It is a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Egyptian Demotic, and classical Greek languages.
  • In 1799 a French soldier discovered this stone.
  • The stone unlocks the key to the mysterious Egyptian hieroglyphics.
egyptian texts
Egyptian Texts

Book

of the

Dead

  • Because papyrus did not decay in Egypt’s dry climate, many Egyptian texts still survive. Historians can read about ancient medicine, science, government records and literary works. The Book Of The Dead is an example that tells about the afterlife.
egypt s great temples
Egypt’s Great Temples
  • Egyptians believed that temples were homes of the gods. People visited the temples to worship, offer gifts to the gods and ask for favors.

Temple of Karnak

as it looked in

Ancient Egypt

the temple of ramses the great at abu simbel near aswan
The Temple of Ramses the Greatat Abu Simbel near Aswan

This temple

was moved to its

present location

make way for

the Aswan Dam

the sphinx
The Sphinx
  • What is a sphinx?
  • A sphinx is an imaginary creature with the body of a lion and the head of other animals or humans.
obelisk
Obelisk
  • What is an obelisk?
  • It is a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top.
  • Where this famous obelisk is located and what is it called?
egyptian art

Paintings

Egyptian Art

Pottery

jewelry

Wooden

carvings

king tutankhamen
King Tutankhamen
  • In 1922 Howard Carter discovered an undisturbed tomb in the Valley of the Kings, an area where many pharaohs and their family members were buried.
  • His tomb was filled with unimaginable treasures.
  • His tomb has taught us much about Egyptian burial practices and beliefs.
howard carter
Howard Carter

A dashing

fellow, I

might add!!!

inside king tut s tomb
Inside King Tut’s Tomb

Burial

chamber

King Tut and

his wife

summary
Summary
  • Ancient Egyptians developed one of the best-known cultures of the ancient world.