Hieroglyphics • What are hieroglyphics? • It is an ancient Egyptian system of writing. • Egyptian hieroglyphics were one of the world’s first writing systems. • The earliest known examples of Egyptian writing are from around 3300 BC and were carved in stone.
Write Your Name!!! • The hieroglyphics used more than 600 symbols. Each symbol represented one or more sounds in the Egyptian language. • They could be written either horizontally or vertically.
Writing in Egypt • What is papyrus? • Papyrus is a long-lasting, paper-like material made from reeds. • Egyptians made papyrus by pressing layers of reeds together and pounding them into sheets. • They could be easily rolled into scrolls. Scribes wrote on papyrus using brushes and ink.
What is the Rosetta Stone? • It is a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Egyptian Demotic, and classical Greek languages. • In 1799 a French soldier discovered this stone. • The stone unlocks the key to the mysterious Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Egyptian Texts Book of the Dead • Because papyrus did not decay in Egypt’s dry climate, many Egyptian texts still survive. Historians can read about ancient medicine, science, government records and literary works. The Book Of The Dead is an example that tells about the afterlife.
Egypt’s Great Temples • Egyptians believed that temples were homes of the gods. People visited the temples to worship, offer gifts to the gods and ask for favors. Temple of Karnak as it looked in Ancient Egypt
The Temple of Ramses the Greatat Abu Simbel near Aswan This temple was moved to its present location make way for the Aswan Dam
The Sphinx • What is a sphinx? • A sphinx is an imaginary creature with the body of a lion and the head of other animals or humans.
Obelisk • What is an obelisk? • It is a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top. • Where this famous obelisk is located and what is it called?
Paintings Egyptian Art Pottery jewelry Wooden carvings
King Tutankhamen • In 1922 Howard Carter discovered an undisturbed tomb in the Valley of the Kings, an area where many pharaohs and their family members were buried. • His tomb was filled with unimaginable treasures. • His tomb has taught us much about Egyptian burial practices and beliefs.
Howard Carter A dashing fellow, I might add!!!
Inside King Tut’s Tomb Burial chamber King Tut and his wife
Summary • Ancient Egyptians developed one of the best-known cultures of the ancient world.