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Warm Up: Images Notes: New Deal and America Closing Activity: Quotes Review. Images. Notes. 2 nd New Deal. Second Hundred Days programs to continue kelp for working class Americans and their families Reelected. More Programs. WPA Works Progress Administration

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Warm Up: Images

  • Notes: New Deal and America
  • Closing Activity: Quotes
  • Review
slide8

2nd New Deal

  • Second Hundred Days
    • programs to continue kelp for working class Americans and their families
    • Reelected
slide9

More Programs

  • WPA
    • Works Progress Administration
      • gave out $11 billion in jobs to 8 million workers –public works of lasting value
slide10

More Programs

  • Social Security Act
    • old age pensions, unemployment, aid to families with children
    • Not a complete pension or welfare system, but provides benefits.
slide11

More Programs

  • Rural Electrification Administration
    • Bring electricity to isolated areas.
slide12

Labor Relations

  • National Labor Relations Act---(Wagner Act)
    • NLRB – National Labor Relations Board
    • right to unionize
      • Organize & join unions
    • anti-union practices banned
      • Cannot threaten, fire, or interfere w/workers organizing unions.
  • Fair Labor Standards
    • minimum wage, 40 hour week
      • $0.25 an hour, rules for workers under 16 – banned hazardous work for those under 18
  • Growth of AFL, CIO
    • Congress of Industrial Organization Union
    • American Federation of Labor Union

NLRB

slide13

Court Packing

  • Several New Deal programs ruled unconstitutional
    • AAA, NRA – Unconstitutional due to overstepping Federal bounds – AAA – taxing processing plants to pay farmers, NRA – rules on unions, wages, and shipment of chickens
slide14

Court Packing

  • Roosevelt proposed adding new justices
  • For every justice over the age of 70 (would have appointed 6 new justices)
  • Seen as a threat to checks and balances
slide15

Women in the Depression

  • Eleanor Roosevelt
    • Social reformer – pushes FDR to appoint women into govt.
  • Several women named to high govt. positions
    • Francis Perkins
      • 1st Female Cabinet Member
      • Secretary of Labor
slide16

Women in the Depression

  • working women faced resentment
    • Believed to take jobs away from men.
  • women’s wages still lower than men
  • gov’t programs gave preferences to men
    • Either didn’t hire women or hired at lower min. wage
slide17

African Americans

  • Depression hit African Americans extra hard
  • Mary McLeod Bethune - friend of Eleanor Roosevelt that established “Black Cabinet”
    • Influential African Americans to advise FDR.
  • Concert of Marian Anderson at the Lincoln Memorial
    • Easter Sunday – arranged by Eleanor Roosevelt.
  • Roosevelt never fully committed to civil rights
    • Took efforts to promote racial equality, but afraid to lose S. votes.
  • African Americans came to support the Democratic Party
    • Considered best hope for the future.
slide18

Art and Literature

  • many artists displayed the reality of the Depression
  • Federal Arts Project (WPA)
    • Pay writers and artists to document the Great Depression.
    • Grant Wood – Painting
      • American Gothic
slide19

Art and Literature

  • Federal Arts Project (WPA)
    • Richard Wright
      • Native Son
    • John Steinbeck
      • Grapes of Wrath
        • Oklahomans hardships
slide20

Radio Entertains the Masses

  • family entertainment
  • soap operas
    • Late mornings to early afternoons to attract homemakers.
  • Children’s Programs
    • Green Hornet, Lone Ranger
    • Aired in afternoon after school let out.
  • Variety shows and plays
  • Bob Hope, George Burns
  • Orson Welles
    • “War of the Worlds”
    • Martians invaded Earth – many initially thought it was true.
slide21

Entertainment

  • Marx Brothers
  • Gangster films
  • Frank Capra, Jimmy Stewart
    • ”Mr. Smith goes to Washington”
    • ”It’s a wonderful Life”
slide22

Motion Pictures

  • Gone with the Wind, 1939
    • One of the most famous films of the era
    • Escape from Depression.
  • Wizard of Oz, 1939
    • Portray hope that all will get better.
  • Snow White and Seven Dwarfs, 1937
    • Disney animation brought to life.
slide23

Motion Pictures

  • Wizard of Oz, 1939
    • Portray hope that all will get better.
slide24

End of the New Deal

  • ”I see 1/3 of a nation ill -housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished”
  • by 1937, some recovery
  • gov’tpulls back programs and depression returns
  • opposition grows to continued gov’tcontrol
slide25

End of the New Deal

  • international affairs begin to take precedence
  • New Deal has great legacy
    • Govt. with more active role
quotes1
Quotes
  • “I see one-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished.
  • It is not in despair that I paint you that picture. I paint it for you in hope--because the Nation, seeing and understanding the injustice in it, proposes to paint it out.” FDR’s 2nd Inaugural
  • “This is our hour! We’ve got to get everything we want- a works program, social security, wages and hours, everything- now or never.” Harry Hopkins, FDR Advisor
  • “Lots of us enjoyed our leisure at the movies. The experience of going was like a candy we could never get enough of; the visit to the dark theater was an escape from the drab realities of Depression living…” Don Congdon
  • “The director of the Federal Arts Project was Edward Bruce…He insisted there be no restrictions. You were a painter: Do your work. You were a sculptor: Do your work.” Artist Robert Gwathmey
slide29

This only true scandal of FDR’s Presidency involved him trying to do what to the Supreme Court?

slide31

Which person came to the aid of Marian Anderson when she was not able to sing in a concert because she was black? (both first and last name)