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The Persistent Puzzle of Scientific Collaboration. Wesley Shrum shrum@lsu.edu Sociology. Outline. History, Sociology, & STS AIP Study Results on Process & Performance. Sociology of Science. Exchange of Information for Recognition Individualistic Model Measurement. AIP Study. 1989 HEP

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the persistent puzzle of scientific collaboration

The Persistent Puzzle of Scientific Collaboration

Wesley Shrum

shrum@lsu.edu

Sociology

outline
Outline
  • History, Sociology, & STS
  • AIP Study
  • Results on Process & Performance
sociology of science
Sociology of Science
  • Exchange of Information for Recognition
  • Individualistic Model
  • Measurement
aip study
AIP Study
  • 1989 HEP
  • 53 multi-institutional collaborations
  • High energy physics, space science, geophysics, CMC, materials science, ground-based astronomy
dimensions
DIMENSIONS
  • Formation
  • Magnitude
  • Organization
  • Technology
  • Performance
process performance
Process & Performance
  • Pre-existing relations do not increase trust
  • Trust does not improve performance
  • Conflict does not hurt performance
trust conflict
Trust & Conflict
  • WHY do people think trust matters?
    • TRUST inversely related to CONFLICT
  • Conflict lower when projects
    • Are Larger
    • Give Autonomy to Teams
    • Are less bureaucratic
performance i
Performance I
  • Delays occur when
    • External advisory committees
    • Teams have autonomy in the analysis of shared data
  • Cost Overruns when
    • Changes in instrumentation
    • Subcontracting
performance ii
Performance II
  • Internal success
    • Resource uncertainty
    • Avoid agreements to share data
  • External success
    • Large projects
    • Internationalism
puzzling process
Puzzling Process
  • Understanding collabs
    • Technology
    • Bureaucracy
  • What kinds of interaction work?
    • Voluntary
    • Bureaucratic
puzzling performance
Puzzling Performance
  • Counts don’t work
  • Managerial & scientific success differ
  • Internal versus external success
  • Results versus capacity building