The Puzzle of Memory Barry Flanagan
Agenda Memorization Techniques Do You Have a Good Memory? How Memory Works Mnemonics
Your Memory • Most people assume memory is inherited like the color of your eyes. • Your memory is like a puzzle with many pieces. • You have to know how the pieces fit together.
Your Memory • 1st Step – Change Your Beliefs • 2nd Step – Learn to use memory tools • 3rdStep – Practice!
How Your Memory Works There are about 86 BILLION Neurons in the average adult human brain. There are about 100 TRILLION Connections between those neurons.
How Memory Works Your Memory
Encoding Use as many senses as possible. Vivid Visuals Extreme Sounds Outrageous Actions Your Memory
Storage Actively Remember Connect to things you already remember Your Memory
Retrieval If Storage was done properly, retrieval is easy. Your Memory
Repetition • Spacing effect • Why? • Time to consolidate info Forces you to pay attention Visual and verbal memory for material SupermemoAnki Course Hero Skritter
Chunking • Example- • CIANSANATODODFBI • Or • CIA NSA NATO DOD FBI Short-term memory capacity limit Magic number 7 +/- 2 Memory span
Rhyming • “In fourteen hundred ninety-two, Columbus sailed the ocean blue” • “i before e except after c; or when sounded like a, as in neighbor and weigh” • “Thirty days has September, April, June, and November” • ABC’s song (rhyming and chunking) When did Columbus discover America?
Linking • First: form visual image for each item • Second: associate image with next image • Narrative technique • Form a story Chaining or Link system
Peg List • Pegging = Take something I want to remember and attach it to something I know already. Peg = Something I KNOW and can’t forget.
Memory Journey • 1. Memorize familiar locations in natural order • 2. Create visual image of word with each location • 3. Recall: take a “mental walk” AKA “Method of Loci”
Keyword Mnemonic • First step: Concrete keyword that sounds like foreign word = Pot • Second step: Form visual image connecting keyword with meaning • Picture: Duck wearing a pot on its head Use to learn foreign language vocabulary Spanish example: Pato = Duck
Image Mnemonic • Think of vivid word that sounds like name • Link word with person’s appearance • Example- Rodney Flanery • Image: Football player with rod in his knee, so benched and wearing flannel to stay warm Use to remember name with face
First Letter • Acrostic: first letter of each word of sentence is cue • Music notes: Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge • Conjunctions: FANBOYS • Acronyms- • Spectrum: ROYGBIV • Great Lakes: HOMES Acrostics Acronyms
Mnemonics • Biology Classification • Kids Playing Checkers on Freeways get Squashed • Star Classification • Only Brilliant Astronomers Find Gratification Knowing Mnemonics • Speed of Light • My brilliant astronomy student remembers an easy light mnemonic count letters • 299,792,458 m per second squared
Mnemonics • Original 13 Colonies • Noah’s mangy cat required nine painful needles!”, declared my vet’s new secretary Gus. • Presidents • Washington told ajoke that made Monroe quit jumping.
Solve the Memory Puzzle • Believe in your memory, and you can put the puzzle together • Use the memory tools you have learned to practice • Look for new puzzles you can solve with your memory