personality and relationships n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Personality and Relationships

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 30

Personality and Relationships - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 237 Views
  • Uploaded on

Personality and Relationships. Measuring Personality. Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) Jenkens Activity Survey (Type A/Type B) NEO Personal Inventory (Big 5). Big Five Personality Traits. Extroversion

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Personality and Relationships' - badrani


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
measuring personality
Measuring Personality
  • Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
  • Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ)
  • Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI)
  • Jenkens Activity Survey (Type A/Type B)
  • NEO Personal Inventory (Big 5)
big five personality traits
Big Five Personality Traits
  • Extroversion
  • Neuroticism
  • Openness to Experience
  • Conscientiousness
  • Agreeableness

OCEAN

McCrae & Costa, 1990

extroversion
Extroversion
  • Extroverts: High sociability, impulsiveness, like parties, crave excitement, focused on outer world, more friends
  • Introverts: quiet, reserved, reflective, like to think things through before speaking, focused within Cetola & Prinkey, 1986
  • “introverts are habitually in a state of greater arousal than extraverts, and consequently they show lower sensory thresholds, and greater reactions to sensory stimulation.” Eysenck & Eysenck, 1969
  • Lemon Test
  • Stereotypes of introverts/extroverts?
wundt s hedonic curve
Wundt’s Hedonic Curve

Adapted from Cetola & Prinkey, 1986

neuroticism
Neuroticism
  • Unsociable
  • Withdrawn
  • Wish to indulge in social activity but fear of being rejected takes over
    • Different from introversion
  • Anxiety, self-consciousness, emotionally unstable
  • High: anxious, hostile, self-conscious, and impulsive McCrae & Costa, 1990
  • Opposite: Emotionally stable

Eysenck & Eysenck, 1969

openness to experience
Openness to Experience
  • High
    • “Receptiveness to new ideas, approaches, experiences” (p.41-42)
    • Intellectually curious
    • Often appreciates art, literature, travel
    • More likely to hold unconventional beliefs
    • “free spirits”
  • Low
    • Prefer the familiarand practical
    • Resists change
    • Not necessarily close minded or intolerant of others

McCrae & Costa

conscientiousness
Conscientiousness
  • High
    • Achievement-orientated
    • Organized, dutiful, high level of motivation
    • Workaholics?
  • Low
    • Easy-going
    • Less exacting with themselves and with others
    • Slackers?
agreeableness
Agreeableness
  • Generous and trusting of others and want everyone to get along
  • Optimistic
  • Opposite: Antagonism
    • Tough-minded, non-accommodating of others
    • Place the interest of themselves above the interest of others
    • Often seen as uncooperative

Which of these would you want your surgeon to be? Lawyer?

Does this have anything to do with face theory?

opposites attract
Opposites Attract?
  • Marriage partners often have similarities (religion ethnicity, attraciveness, values) but complimentary personalities McCrae & Costa, 1990
  • Personality more important than other factors in predicting marital adjustment
  • Difference-detecting mechanisms Buss, 1996
  • I’m Outgoing and She’s Reserved: The Reciprocal Dynamics of Personality in Close Friendships in Young Adulthood Nelson, Thorne, & Shapiro, 2011
    • Interpersonal Theory
    • Self Expansion Theory

Overall, “a series of compromises and adaptations evolve over a period of time” (p. 160) in any successful relationship McCrae & Costa, 1990

desirable personalities
Desirable Personalities
  • In a long- term mate
    • Extroversion- ambitious about career
    • Neuroticism- emotionally stable
    • Agreeableness- kind
    • Conscientiousness- dependable, hardworking
    • Openness- intelligent, open-minded, creative

Buss, 1996

desirable personalities1
Desirable Personalities
  • In a friendship
    • Extroversion- bold, self-confident, ambitious about career
    • Neuroticism- emotionally stable
    • Agreeableness- kind
    • Conscientiousness- hardworking, dependable
    • Openness- open- minded, creative, intelligent, wide range of knowledge

Buss, 1996

undesirable personalities
Undesirable Personalities
  • Low on agreeableness
    • Neglect, verbal abuse, physical abuse, sexual infidelity, inconsiderateness, self-centeredness
  • Emotionally unstable (neurotic)
    • Possessive, jealous, dependent, abusive, inconsiderate, physically self-absorbed, self centered
other undesirable personalities
Other Undesirable Personalities
  • Low Conscientiousness
    • High instances of sexual infidelity, especially men
  • Low Openness
    • Sexualizing of others
    • “treating members of the opposite sex as sex objects; commenting about the attractiveness of others; expressing sexual desire for a movie star” (Buss, 1996).
personality and sexual infidelity
Personality and Sexual Infidelity
  • Buss, 1996
  • 100 married couples- took personality test as newlyweds and questioned 4 years later
  • Low Conscientious men AND women likely to cheat
  • Women high in openness to experiences likely to cheat
  • Submissive partners are likely to be cheated on
nonverbal communication and personality
Nonverbal Communication and Personality

When it comes to conversational distance:

  • Extraverts- likely to choose to sit opposite of other person and avoid positions that would put them at an angle
  • Introverts- choose positions that would keep that at more of a distance (visually and physically) sit diagonally

Knapp & Hall, 2006

nonverbal communication and personality1
Nonverbal Communication and Personality
  • Dominant people show more eye contact than submissive people
  • Extraverted, Agreeable, and Open people show more gazing activity (eye contact) than other personalities Knapp & Hall, 2006
  • What does this mean for relationships?
    • Flirting?
nonverbal communication and personality2
Nonverbal Communication and Personality
  • Is there a relationship between personality/temperament and certain body types?
  • Some people believe there is a correlation
slide20

I feel most of the time _____, _________, and ______

  • Calm
  • Anxious
  • Cheerful
  • Contented (often content. Happy or at ease)
  • Relaxed
  • Confident
  • Tense
  • Impetuous (impulsive)
  • Complacent (self-satisfied)
  • Reticent (reserved- don’t say everything you know)
  • Energetic
  • Self-conscious
slide21

When I study or work I seem to be ______, ______, and ___________.

  • Efficient
  • Enthusiastic
  • Reflective
  • Placid (calm, quiet)
  • Sluggish
  • Competitive
  • Leisurely
  • Meticulous
  • Precise
  • Determined
  • Thoughtful
  • cooperative
socially i am and
Socially, I am ____, _____, and ________.
  • Outgoing
  • Affable (shows warmth and friendliness)
  • Tolerant
  • Gentle-tempered
  • Considerate
  • Awkward
  • Affected (emotionally moved easily)
  • Soft-tempered
  • Argumentative
  • Shy
  • Talkative
  • Hot-tempered
i am rather and
I am rather ____, ______, and ____.
  • Active
  • Warm
  • Domineering
  • Introspective
  • Forgiving
  • Courageous
  • Suspicious
  • Cool
  • Sympathetic
  • Serious
  • Soft-hearted
  • Enterprising
other people consider me rather and
Other people consider me rather ___, _____ and _______.
  • Generous
  • Adventurous
  • Withdrawn
  • Dominant
  • Optimistic
  • Affectionate
  • Reckless
  • Detached
  • Sensitive
  • Kind
  • Cautious
  • Dependent
pick one of each three
Pick one of each three
  • Assertive, relaxed, tense
  • Hot-tempered, cool, warm
  • Withdrawn, sociable, active
  • Confident, tactful, kind
  • Dependent, dominant, detached
  • Enterprising, affable, anxious
section a
Section A
  • Forgiving
  • Sympathetic
  • Soft-hearted
  • Generous
  • Affectionate
  • Kind
  • Sociable
  • Soft-tempered
  • Warm
  • Affected
  • Tolerant
  • Dependent
  • Calm
  • Relaxed
  • Complacent
  • Contented
  • Sluggish
  • Placid
  • Leisurely
  • Cooperative
  • Affable
section b
Section B
  • Dominant
  • Cheerful
  • Confident
  • Energetic
  • Impetuous
  • Efficient
  • Enthusiastic
  • Competitive
  • Determined
  • Outgoing
  • Hot Tempered
  • Argumentative
  • Talkative
  • Active
  • Domineering
  • Courageous
  • Enterprising
  • Adventurous
  • Reckless
  • Assertive
  • optimistic
section c
Section C
  • Detached
  • Tense
  • Anxious
  • Reticent
  • Self-Conscious
  • Meticulous
  • Reflective
  • Precise
  • Thoughtful
  • Considerate
  • Shy
  • Awkward
  • Cool
  • Suspicious
  • Introspective
  • Serious
  • Cautious
  • Tactful
  • Sensitive
  • Withdrawn
  • Gentle-tempered
6 5 10
6 5 10

Wells & Siegel (1961) stereotypes about personalities of people with different body types Knapp & Hall, 2006

slide30

Buss, D. M. (1996). The five- factor model of personality: Theoretical perspectives. J. S. Wiggins (Ed.) New York: The Guilford Press.

  • Cetola, H., & Prinkey, K. (1986). Introversion-extraversion and loud commercials. Psychology and Marketing, 3, 123-132.
  • Eysenck, H. J., & Eysenck, S. B. (1969). Personality structure and measurement. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  • Knapp, M. L., & Hall, J. A. (2006). Nonverbal communication in human interaction (6th ed.) Belmont, CA: Thomson Higher Education.
  • McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (1990). Personality in adulthood. New York: The Guilford Press.
  • Nelson, P. A., Thorne, A., & Shapiro, L.A. (2011). I’m outgoing and she’s reserved: The reciprocal dynamics of personality in close friendships in young adulthood. Journal of Personality, 79 (5), p. 1113-1147.
ad