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Development and Personality

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  1. Development and Personality CYPA PSYCH Spring 2014 Class 9 April 13th

  2. Developmental Psychology Not Just About Babies

  3. Major debates • Nature/nurture • Continuity/stages • Stability/change

  4. Prenatal Development • “Life is a sexually transmitted, terminal disease.” • Zygote Embryo Fetus Baby/Infant

  5. Infancy and Childhood: Piaget

  6. Infant Social Development: Attachment • Harlow • Ainsworth • Erikson

  7. Adolescent Cognitive Development: Morality • Kohlberg • Preconventional • Conventional • Postconventional

  8. Adolescent Social Development

  9. Adolescent Identity Development

  10. Personality What Makes You You?

  11. Two Schools of Thought Psychoanalytic Humanistic

  12. Freudian Psychoanalysis • Free association • Dream analysis • Id, ego, superego • Psychosexual stages • Defense Mechanisms • Repression • Regression • Reaction Formation • Projection • Rationalization • Displacement • Denial

  13. Neo-Freudians and Psychodynamics • More emphasis on conscious motivation • Less emphasis on aggression and sex • Tried to do something about all that sexism

  14. Assessing the Unconscious • Projective Tests • Rorschach • Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)

  15. The Humanistic Perspective • Abraham Maslow and the Self-Actualizing Person • Carl Rogers and the Person-Centered Perspective • Ideal versus actual self • Critics say • Vague and subjective • Too individualistic • Naïve, does not recognize capacity for evil

  16. Trait Perspective: The Big Five

  17. Personal Control • Optimism • Pessimism • Locus of Control • Learned Helplessness “I am in control of my own fate” “Things outside myself determine my fate”

  18. Some of The Latest Thoughts • Grit • Flow • Growth Mindset • Power of Introverts