Development and Personality . CYPA PSYCH Spring 2014 Class 9 April 13th. Developmental Psychology. Not Just About Babies. Major debates. Nature/nurture Continuity/stages Stability/change. Prenatal Development. “Life is a sexually transmitted, terminal disease.”
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Development and Personality CYPA PSYCH Spring 2014 Class 9 April 13th
Developmental Psychology Not Just About Babies
Major debates • Nature/nurture • Continuity/stages • Stability/change
Prenatal Development • “Life is a sexually transmitted, terminal disease.” • Zygote Embryo Fetus Baby/Infant
Infant Social Development: Attachment • Harlow • Ainsworth • Erikson
Adolescent Cognitive Development: Morality • Kohlberg • Preconventional • Conventional • Postconventional
Personality What Makes You You?
Two Schools of Thought Psychoanalytic Humanistic
Freudian Psychoanalysis • Free association • Dream analysis • Id, ego, superego • Psychosexual stages • Defense Mechanisms • Repression • Regression • Reaction Formation • Projection • Rationalization • Displacement • Denial
Neo-Freudians and Psychodynamics • More emphasis on conscious motivation • Less emphasis on aggression and sex • Tried to do something about all that sexism
Assessing the Unconscious • Projective Tests • Rorschach • Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
The Humanistic Perspective • Abraham Maslow and the Self-Actualizing Person • Carl Rogers and the Person-Centered Perspective • Ideal versus actual self • Critics say • Vague and subjective • Too individualistic • Naïve, does not recognize capacity for evil
Personal Control • Optimism • Pessimism • Locus of Control • Learned Helplessness “I am in control of my own fate” “Things outside myself determine my fate”
Some of The Latest Thoughts • Grit • Flow • Growth Mindset • Power of Introverts