Bellringer • Which Chinese philosophy* do you think has been used most successfully? *Confucianism, Daoism, or Legalism
Agenda • Chinese Philosophies Review • Qin and Han Dynasties • The Dynastic Cycle
Objectives Students will be able to… 33. Summarize the major features of the Qin and Han Dynasties.
Era of Warring States • Everyone fights everyone else, and no one is in charge • Responses to the chaos: • Confucius • Daoism • Legalism
Chinese Philosophies • What would class look like… • Under Confucianism? • Under Daoism? • Under Legalism? • Any good fortune cookie sayings?
Objective #33 Qin Dynasty (221-207 BCE)
Qin Dynasty • Emperor of the Qin kingdom conquers his rivals and becomes Shi Huangdi – the First Emperor
Legalism, Implemented • Implemented strict rules and harsh punishments • Centralized the government under the emperor • Burned books and killed thinkers and poets who criticized the government
Qin Achievements • Built roads to link the empire, expanding trade • Doubled the size of China, united the warring states, defeated the nomads • Standardized currency, writing, and measurements
Construction • Great Wall • Terra Cotta Warriors
Predictions What happened to the Qin Dynasty?
Qin Collapse • Government was an autocracy – government in which the ruler has unlimited and arbitrary power • High taxes, harsh punishments, abusive construction projects • People revolt when Shi Huangdi dies, dynasty is destroyed
Han Dynasty • Many tried to become emperor, but Liu Bang conquered the others and founded the Han Dynasty in 202 BCE • Liu Bang and Wudi strengthened the government, but without punishing the people
Confucianism, Implemented • Expanded the bureaucracy • Civil serviceexams and education • Stable government, lower taxes • Farmers were most important part of society • Importance of family
Han Achievements • Technology and commerce • Silk trade • Invent paper, porcelain, harness, plow, wheelbarrow, watermills, compass • Assimilation of conquered people into Chinese culture
Predictions What happened to the Han Dynasty?
Han Fall • Poor grew poorer with each generation • Rich manipulated the poor, so the poor revolted • Wealthy families tried to be more powerful than the emperor • Rivals fought for power and the dynasty fell apart
Predictions How were the Han and Qin similar? How were they different?
The Silk Roads • Silk is a strong, lightweight, attractive fabric • Carried from China, through deserts and mountains, to India, Persia, Egypt, and Rome • Cultures and ideas also spread along the Silk Roads – Buddhism
Dynastic Cycle • The dynastic cycle can be applied to any Chinese dynasty. Explain how the dynastic cycle can be applied to each of the Qin and Han dynasties.