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Focal Area and Cross Cutting Strategies – Land Degradation. GEF Expanded Constituency Workshop April 5 – 7, 2011 Da Lat, Vietnam. Land Degradation Focal Area Strategy (Combating Desertification and Deforestation). GEF Achievements in the Land Degradation Focal Area.
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Focal Area and Cross Cutting Strategies – Land Degradation • GEF Expanded Constituency Workshop • April 5 – 7, 2011 • Da Lat, Vietnam
Land Degradation Focal Area Strategy(Combating Desertification and Deforestation)
GEF Achievements in the Land Degradation Focal Area • $ 340 million invested, $2.4 billion in co-financing to support more than 88 projects fully or partly financed through the LDFA • The GEF has invested in more than 40 countries to deliver sustainable land management innovations in over 100 million hectares of production landscapes, mainly in drylands to support implementation of the UNCCD • The portfolio includes more than $2 billion of regional development financing to benefit 28 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (agriculture and food security), five countries in the Middle East and North Africa (integrated land and water management), and five countries in Central Asia (dryland management), as well as important country program partnerships with China and India.
GEF-5 Priorities • Expand LD portfolio to all 144 eligible countries through inclusion of LD into STAR • Address three main drivers of ecosystem degradation: • land use change • natural resources consumption, and • climate change. • Improve the enabling framework • Support to UNCCD (implementation of 10-year strategy) • Address role of agriculture and forest management in production landscapes
Land Degradation Objective 1 Objective 1: MAINTAIN OR IMPROVE FLOWS OF AGRO-ECOSYSTEM SERVICES TO SUSTAIN LIVELIHOODS OF LOCAL COMMUNITIES. • Capacity development to improve decision making • Improving community-based agricultural management including participatory decision making & gender-related issues. • Building of technical and institutional capacities to monitor and reduce GHG emissions from agricultural activities. • Improving management of impacts of climate change • Securing innovative financing mechanism based on valuation of environmental services (e.g. PES and other market-based mechanisms) • Improving rangeland management and sustainable pastoralism
Land Degradation Objective 2 • Objective 2: GENERATE SUSTAINABLE FLOWS OF FOREST ECOSYSTEM SERVICES IN ARID, SEMI-ARID AND SUB-HUMID ZONES, INCLUDING SUSTAINING LIVELIHOODS OF FOREST-DEPENDENT PEOPLE • Capacity development: Forest policy and related legal and regulatory frameworks • Sustainable management of forests and trees outside forests for timber and non-timber products. • Reforestation and use of local species, including agro-forestry • Management of impacts of climate change on forest lands, practices and choice of species used for reforestation. • Mechanisms to scale up and out good practices through e.g. private sector, community-based organizations, extension services, and media.
Land Degradation Objective 3 Objective 3: REDUCE PRESSURES ON NATURAL RESOURCES FROM COMPETING LAND USES IN THE WIDER LANDSCAPE • Capacity development to improve decision-making in management of production landscapes • Developing innovative financing mechanisms such as Paying for ecosystems Services • Improving management of agricultural activities within the vicinity of protected areas • Integrated watershed management, including transboundary areas where SLM interventions can improve hydrological functions and services for agro-ecosystem productivity (crop and livestock).
Land Degradation Objective 4 Objective 4: INCREASE CAPACITY TO APPLY ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT TOOLS IN SLM • Results-monitoring of UNCCD action programs • Mainstreaming synergies and best practices for Natural Resource Management • Development of guidelines and tools for assessing ecosystem stability, resilience and maintenance of regulating services
Global Environmental Benefits • Improved provision of agro-ecosystem and forest ecosystem goods and services. • Reduced GHG emissions from agriculture, deforestation and forest degradation and increased carbon sequestration. • Reduced vulnerability of agro-ecosystem and forest ecosystems to climate change and other human-induced impacts.
National Socio-economicBenefits • Sustained livelihoods for people dependent on the use and management of natural resources (land, water, and biodiversity). • Reduced vulnerability to impacts of CC of people dependent on the use and management of natural resources in agricultural and forest ecosystems. Millennium Development Goals