slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
FIAS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
FIAS

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

FIAS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 168 Views
  • Uploaded on

regional training. Land Policies as an Impediment to Investment: Evidence from FIAS Case Studies Land Policies & Legal Empowerment of the Poor November 2-3, 2006, Washington DC. FIAS. 1. Why do we study land?. Many interest groups are looking at land through specialized lenses

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'FIAS' - ayita


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

regional training

Land Policies as an Impediment to Investment: Evidence from FIAS Case Studies

Land Policies & Legal Empowerment of the Poor

November 2-3, 2006, Washington DC

FIAS

1

why do we study land
Why do we study land?

Many interest groups are looking at land through specialized lenses

and work towards the implementation of particular land policies.

BUT limited focus on land from PSD perspective

(Especially, limited discussion based on developing countries experience)

Urban/Rural Development

Environment and Natural Resources

Land Policy

Land thematic Group

Financial Sector

Social

Development

securing property rights encourages private investment
Securing property rights encourages private investment

Investor surveys: access to land is a major constraint to operations

Doingbusiness 2007: large economic benefits can be reached from protecting property rights

McKinsey (1991-2004): land market issues are major barriers to investment and competition in more than half the economic sectors (e.g. retail, housing and tourism)

land has been a major obstacle to investment in many countries
Land has been a major obstacle to investment in many countries

Percentage of respondents claiming that procedures for accessing the land are an obstacle for their business operation and growth

Percentages are calculated on the base of respondents giving an answer to this question. Respondents had an option not to answer, which usually means that they had no experience with land obtaining or no need for land. Overall the share of non responding businesses is 41.4%. Source: ARCS

harder to register property in poor countries
Harder to register property in poor countries

Days

Percentage of property value

Source: Doing Business database

slide6

Examples illustrating reform efforts to overcome land obstacles

Issues:

Concerns:

  • Land availability
  • State owned land
  • Tribal Communal land
  • Ownership/use restrictions
  • Zoning/planning
  • Property tax (rate & coverage)
  • Selected Case Studies
  • Shenzhen (China)
  • Red Sea (Egypt)
  • Hong Kong
  • Vietnam
  • Ngamiland (Botswana)
  • Makuleke (SA)
  • Mozambique
  • Peru
  • Thailand
  • Novgorod (Russia)
  • Cape Town (SA)

1. Is land available and at what price?

  • Land rights
  • Titling system
  • Registration process
  • Collaterals
  • Transfer of property rights
  • Dispute resolution mechanisms

2. What are my rights? Are my property rights secure?

  • Land development procedures
  • Location permits
  • Construction/building permits
  • EIA
  • Utility connections
  • Property tax (administration)

3. Time and cost of land related procedures?

slide7

Russia: Getting access to land can be extremely time consuming and costly

Flowchart of the procedure for allocation of land plot for business use (Nizhny Novgorod)

Approving authority

Document

Issuing Authority

Application to the Department of Economy and Planning

Committee for land resources and land use planning

Construction Passport

Department of Economy and Planning

Preliminary technical specifications for preliminary approval of project design and connection to engineering infrastructure

Department of Economy and Planning

Preliminary lease contact

Head of Municipal Administration

Head Directorate for Architecture and City Planning

Sketch of the location of the structure

Project cost estimate

Head Directorate for Architecture and City Planning

Draft of the Approval of the Local Administration Head for the construction/reconstruction permit

Sanitary-Epidemiological Inspection

Head of Municipal Administration

Lease agreement for the land plot for the period of construction/reconstruction

State Fire Inspection

Registration of the land lease contract in the Book of Land Registry

Committee for land resources and land use planning

Draft of the Approval of the Local Administration Head for the Leasing contract on the Lease of land plot

State Judicial Committee

Obtaining of the proof of lease and the lease contract (a.k.a. registration of the lease in the Book of Land Registry)

Total time: 273 days

Source: FIAS

slide8

Russia: Longer bureaucratic delays are associated with fewer privatizations

No. Sales

Time required to complete procedure (log scale)

vietnam land program
Vietnam land program
  • Background
  • Vietnam is in a protracted
  • period of economic transition
  • after 1986 ‘Doi Moi’ reforms
  • Relatively good investment
  • climate but land remains
  • problem
  • Following land issues impede
  • PSD:
    • Limited availability
    • High prices
    • Unclear security of tenure
    • No market-oriented, long
    • term leases
  • IFC study of informality showed
  • that 80% of firms surveyed
  • would expand if land were
  • available
  • Basic Land Issues
  • Land market a field of tension
  • between growing private
  • sector and state ownership
  • of all land
slide11

Vietnam land program

  • What are the obstacles?
  • Strict and complex land
  • administration system
  • Land difficult to obtain /
  • poor allocation by state
  • Formal process costly and
  • time consuming
  • Unclear that formal registered
  • possession confers security
  • benefits
  • What is being done?
  • Land Law, 2003 aims for
  • efficiency of a true land market
  • despite all land being state
  • owned – not fully acheived
  • Gov VN has asked FIAS to
  • assess the impact of Land Law
  • on PSD
  • FIAS implementing a multi-year
  • program to strengthen the Land
  • Law and the administration of
  • business access / rights to land
slide12

Three Southern African case studies

Tribes/

Local Community

  • Employment
  • Income
  • Social development
  • Cultural preservation

Strategic

Investors

The State

  • Strategic sector growth
  • Sustainable development
  • Environment protection
  • Social development
  • Long-term investment
  • Efficient process
  • “Good citizen” status
to conclude
ToConclude:
  • Land related constraints present a major impediment to investors.
  • Land problems are complex and country specific; they need to be dealt with accordingly.
  • Fundamental land system reforms require sustainable efforts over time. In the meantime, countries should and could explore practical and interim solutions to help overcome the difficulties in providing land to investors in the transitional period.
  • There is a further need to fill the knowledge gap on reform experience in developing countries.
  • Final solution design requires collective efforts of all relevant departments within the WBG, and with our clients.