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Building A Better Ammonia Inventory. Mark Janssen – LADCO/Midwest RPO. Base E Ammonia Inventory. Based on CMU ammonia inventory NH3 emissions not from CMU Industrial point from modified EPA inventory Small spotty amounts of NH3 from Nonroad Vehicle NH3 from NEI

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building a better ammonia inventory

Building A Better AmmoniaInventory

Mark Janssen – LADCO/Midwest RPO

base e ammonia inventory
Base E Ammonia Inventory
  • Based on CMU ammonia inventory
  • NH3 emissions not from CMU
    • Industrial point from modified EPA inventory
    • Small spotty amounts of NH3 from Nonroad
    • Vehicle NH3 from NEI
  • Source NIF2.0 files of monthly values
  • All NH3 from Canadian inventory in “Other Area”
  • Does Not include
    • Natural Soil NH3, Humans, Cats, Dogs
slide6

NH3 Emissions by SCC for the US 14:56 Wednesday, September 3, 2003 1

Obs scc majdesc sbmjdesc mindesc sbmndesc acee

1 2805025000 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Hogs and Pigs Waste Emiss Total 1935.66

2 2805020002 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Cattle and Calves Waste E Beef Cows 1398.03

3 2805030004 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Poultry Waste Emissions Broilers 1360.48

4 2805020004 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Cattle and Calves Waste E Steers, Steer Calves, Bul 979.70

5 2805020003 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Cattle and Calves Waste E Heifers and Heifer Calves 911.13

6 2805020001 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Cattle and Calves Waste E Milk Cows 758.49

7 2805030009 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Poultry Waste Emissions Turkeys 521.08

8 2805030003 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Poultry Waste Emissions Layers 450.98

9 2801700004 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Urea 426.80

10 2801700003 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Nitrogen Solutions 396.93

11 2807030000 Miscellaneous Area Source Wild Animals Waste Emissi Deer Total 341.25

12 2801700001 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Anhydrous Ammonia 264.95

13 2805035000 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Horses and Ponies Waste E Total 87.77

14 2805030002 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Poultry Waste Emissions Pullets 13 weeks old and 65.64

15 2807025000 Miscellaneous Area Source Wild Animals Waste Emissi Elk Total 63.63

16 2805030001 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Poultry Waste Emissions Pullet Chicks and Pullets 62.71

17 2801700013 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Diammonium Phosphate 59.79

18 2801700010 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application N-P-K (multi-grade nutrie 46.51

19 2801700006 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Ammonium Sulfate 36.59

20 2801700099 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Miscellaneous Fertilizers 36.06

21 2801700005 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Ammonium Nitrate 23.53

22 2801700014 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Monoammonium Phosphate 12.12

23 2801700015 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Liquid Ammonium Polyphosp 11.57

24 2805040000 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Sheep and Lambs Waste Emi Total 10.62

25 2805030007 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Poultry Waste Emissions Ducks 9.85

26 2801700002 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Aqueous Ammonia 5.54

27 2807020001 Miscellaneous Area Source Wild Animals Waste Emissi Bears Black Bears 3.07

28 2801700007 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Ammonium Thiosulfate 1.20

29 2805045002 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Goats Waste Emissions Angora Goats 1.09

30 2801700011 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Calcium Ammonium Nitrate 0.69

31 2805030008 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Poultry Waste Emissions Geese 0.33

32 2801700012 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Fertilizer Application Potassium Nitrate 0.28

33 2805045003 Miscellaneous Area Source Agriculture Production - Goats Waste Emissions Milk Goats 0.20

34 2630020000 Waste Disposal, Treatment Wastewater Treatment Public Owned Total Processed 0.10

35 2807020002 Miscellaneous Area Source Wild Animals Waste Emissi Bears Grizzly Bears 0.01

========

10284.37

slide8

Beef Cows

Milk COWS

fertilizer nh3
Fertilizer NH3
  • Interesting data in Ohio for June/July
  • Crop fertilizer data shows that Ohio does more than average “After Planting” fertilization of corn
  • Ohio also puts more than average amounts of fertilizer on that corn
  • Results in a June/July spike in fertilizer not seen in other Midwest/eastern states. Question Results?
  • We created national average by month and applied it to all states for Base E.
janssen s rule for inventory improvement
Janssen’s Rule For Inventory Improvement
  • Mass * % Uncertainty = Total Uncertainty
  • Temper Point Source Bias
  • Examples
    • Primary PM2.5 from Point sources
    • Nonroad Mobile
    • And…..
ammonia temporal in base e
Ammonia Temporal in Base E
  • Primarily based on Pinder Dairy model
    • Month based NIF files from Strader Model.
    • “26” hour profile applied to smaller categories
    • No day of week profile.
  • Hogs, Chickens used temporal data from CMU model for confined dairy
  • Dairy Cattle Used CMU profiles and EFs
  • Beef Cattle used temporal for non-confined Dairy
  • Fertilizer used Pinder hourly values.
slide24

January 2000

Base C Base D Base E

slide25

August 1999

Base C Base D Base E

future process based model for ammonia
Future: Process Based model for Ammonia
  • Recommendations from National Academy of Sciences Report
  • “Model Farm” based emissions factors do not capture local/regional differences
  • Must characterize local variation in practices.
    • NC farmers try to drive off Nitrogen in their waste
    • IA farmers try to keep Nitrogen in soil
    • Wisconsin farmers inject waste more than Texas farmers.
future process based model for ammonia1
Future: Process Based Model For Ammonia
  • Process based model where individual farming practices drive emissions estimates
  • Includes Mass Balance elements from feed to animals to waste products
  • Must fit within OPEM emissions modeling paradigm(transparent, publicly available)
  • Must calculate hour specific, day specific, and cell specific emissions ready for photochemical models
slide28

Farm Emissions Model Inputs:

Climate:

- Temperature

- Precipitation

- Wind speed

Tuned Parameters:

- Resistance

- Infiltration

Farm Emissions Model

kg NH3 cow-1 year-1

County Animal

Population

cows

National Practices Model

County

Inventory

kg NH3 year-1

Housing = Freestall,

Storage = Lagoon,

Winter Confined,

etc.

Housing = Tiestall,

Storage = Lagoon,

Drylot,

etc.

.

.

.

.

From Pinder- CMU

farm emissions model nitrogen flows

Volatilization

Volatilization

Volatilization

Urine

Housing

Storage

Application

Feed

Loss to soils, groundwater, and biota

Volatilization

Grazing

Urine

Milk

Feces

Loss to soils, groundwater, and biota

Farm Emissions ModelNitrogen Flows

From Pinder- CMU

slide31

kg NH3 cow-1 month-1

July

January

From Pinder- CMU

status of process based nh3 model
Status of Process Based NH3 Model
  • RPO’s Fund Development
  • RFP in August: Supplemental in Oct 2 Due October 22nd
  • Draft Model Due Late 2004, Final Draft April 1 2005. Comment period until Fall 2005.
other midwest rpo nh3 projects
Other Midwest RPO NH3 Projects
  • Build National 2002 NH3 inventory based on updated 2002 Census of Agriculture
    • April 2004 for 2002 NEI submissions
    • Wild Animal updates?
    • Included improvements to Midwest Fertilizer 1999-2002
  • Midwest RPO Funds NH3 in Nonroad model.